Cover art for The Innocents Abroad

The Innocents Abroad

Summary

What do you get when you combine classic travel literature with the inimitable wit of Mark Twain? The Innocents Abroad is a keenly observant, politically incorrect and often hilarious narration of the author’s cruise to the Holy Land aboard a retired Civil War ship. First published in 1869 and the best selling of Twain’s works in his lifetime, The Innocents Abroad will delight listeners with the celebrated author’s musings on historic landmarks, cultural differences, and silly travelling companions.

©2010 Mission Audio (P)2010 Mission Audio

Narrator: Robin Field
Author: Mark Twain
Length: 24 hrs and 4 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Jerusalem Is Calling

Jerusalem Is Calling

Summary

Have you ever wondered how it feels to walk where Jesus walked? Are you ready to take this spiritual journey in his steps along with me? In Jerusalem Is Calling, author Robbie Freeman Shugart takes you through her pilgrimage to the Holy Land. In the Book of Mark, Jesus tells his disciples to travel the world and tell others the good news about what he did and to show others, in his name, the miracles, signs, and wonders that follow believers. In the Gospel of Matthew, Jesus says, “Ask and it will be given; seek and you will find; knock, and the door will be opened to you.” If you are seeking answers or looking for doors to open in your life, a journey through Israel may be just the clarity you need.  “There’s no better time than now to hear God’s heart calling to you in Jerusalem. By walking in the footsteps of Jesus, your life will be changed forever. I know because it changed mine.” (Robbie Freeman Shugart) Start your pilgrimage today by letting this audiobook guide you along the way.

©2018 Robbie F Shugart (P)2019 Robbie F Shugart

Narrator: Jaclyn Whitt
Length: 3 hrs and 24 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Roman Empire: The Empire of the Edomite

The Roman Empire: The Empire of the Edomite

Summary

The author contends that the Roman Empire was of Edomite origin. He uses Jewish tradition, Hebrew and Phoenician etymology, and biblical prophecy to argue for a connection between the Empire and the ancient Kingdom of Edom which was a neighbor of ancient Israel.   Museum Audiobooks strives to present audiobook versions of authentic, unabridged historical texts from prior eras which contain a variety of points of view. The texts do not represent the views or opinions of Museum Audiobooks, and in certain cases may contain perspectives or language that is objectionable to the modern listener.

Public Domain (P)2019 Museum Audiobooks

Narrator: Troy Davis
Length: 3 hrs and 39 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Road to Oxiana

The Road to Oxiana

1 rating

Summary

In 1933, Robert Byron set off from Venice with his friend Christopher Sykes to explore the architecture of the Middle East. Their long and arduous journey took them from Cyprus and Jerusalem to Syria, Iraq, Persia, Afghanistan, and finally, Oxiana, a tiny country around the river Oxus, the Greek name for the river Amu Darya, which snakes down from Russia into Afghanistan. They travel by any means necessary (truck, camel, horses, and foot), and encounter several setbacks, but their risks are rewarded as they encounter some of the greatest examples of Eastern art and architecture, many of which have now vanished forever.  Funny and erudite, The Road to Oxiana's combination of exquisite lyricism, detail, and humor gave birth to a new kind of travel literature, serving as inspiration for later writers such as Bruce Chatwin, Peter Matthiesson, and Jan Morris.  PLEASE NOTE: When you purchase this title, the accompanying PDF will be available in your Audible Library along with the audio.

©1937 Robert Byron (P)2019 Naxos AudioBooks

Narrator: Barnaby Edwards
Author: Robert Byron
Length: 11 hrs and 46 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for A Year Under Sharia Law

A Year Under Sharia Law

Summary

Three years into a financial crisis that shows no sign of loosening its grip, a young couple make the unpopular decision to teach English in Saudi Arabia. The choice of Saudi Arabia is based primarily on the best salary offer and an all-expenses-paid round-trip flight. Secondarily, it is to satiate a desire to explore a country steeped in mystery and taboo.  Little do they know that the experience will come with a price and change their lives in a profound way, witnessing human rights violations that go unchecked even up to today and an ultra-conservative culture wrestling with tradition and modernity.  A Year Under Sharia Law is written as a travel memoir with vignettes of daily life and interactions with the community at large. It was also written to shine a spotlight on the plight of impoverished ladies who come to Saudi Arabia in the hopes of earning a salary to send money back to their family. They find work as nannies and house maids, primarily. These ladies are often stripped of their rights in a patriarchy that makes them prime targets for unspeakable abuses. Their passports are held by their Saudi employees, and they essentially become prisoners.  This memoir is not only dedicated to them and their plight, but also the tireless and dangerous work done by journalists who are critical of Saudi Arabia’s human rights record. Some have paid the ultimate price.

©2019 Alex Fletcher (P)2020 Alex Fletcher

Length: 3 hrs and 49 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Super Cheap Doha: 2021 Travel Guide

Super Cheap Doha: 2021 Travel Guide

Summary

Get this guide to tick Doha off your bucket list for under $250. Lonely Planet advises "budget" travellers to pay $140 Per day to visit Doha. This guide will show you how to comfortably enjoy the Qatari capital for $50 a day. Super Cheap Doha is a travel guide for people seeking cold-hard facts to enjoy the biggest Doha adventure on the smallest budget. Choose from city adventures or mix it up with our desert suggestions. Either way, our plans and Doha’s fascinating history and jaw-dropping desert landscapes will blow your mind, not your budget. Instantly discover everything you need for a luxurious trip to Doha on a backpackers budget. Hundreds of historical, cultural, and money-saving local insights Cheapest flight routes to Doha Insider Tips on planning your trip on a budget including the most fascinating souks and free museums  How to get 25 percent off your Doha Airbnb How to stay in five-star Doha hotels for two-star prices The cheapest place to stay (this may surprise you) Must-see and cheap hacks to see and do all the sights including an amazing value Falconry The cheapest route form the airport to the city Advice on getting around cheaply Must-try street foods and the best place to try them including mouth-watering local desserts Tons of cheap delicious local eats Practical tips and insights Detailed broken down checklist of things to remember to save money Discount markets you must visit Cheapest onwards destinations Bonus: Thousands of general travel hacks to save you money before travelling Save yourself the time and hassle. Enjoy everything Doha has to offer without the ascribed $140 a day tourist budget. Super Cheap Insider Guides (dot) com  Spend a little and enjoy a lot with Super Cheap Insider Guides written by real travellers in collaboration with thrifty locals.  Spend $5 on this audiobook to save hundreds in Doha When you buy and review this book you’ll have free access to our Super Cheap Accommodation Finder Service, normally $50 (a team of highly skilled Accommodation Hackers will find you three of the best price-performance accommodation options for your specific needs). You can also use our flight hacking service (our skilled flight hackers will take hundreds of dollars off your flight). We’ve designed this hands-on guidebook to save you time, hassle, and money. Leave the crowds behind Get Super Cheap Doha to save hundreds on your Doha trip with real insights Google can’t and won’t reveal.

©2019 Phil G Tang (P)2021 Super Cheap Insider Guides

Narrator:
Author:
Length: 2 hrs and 42 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Egypt: Essential Travel Tips - All You NEED to Know

Egypt: Essential Travel Tips - All You NEED to Know

Summary

In this Sam's Travel Guide on Egypt, you will find all the information you NEED to know about:  Things you MUST know about Egypt Best places to visit in Egypt Best cities to visit in Egypt Best beaches in Egypt Souvenirs you must buy in Egypt Most popular night destinations in Egypt Best restaurants in Egypt Most luxurious hotels in Egypt Local dishes you must try in Egypt Things to avoid in Egypt When you download Egypt: Essential Travel Tips - All You NEED to Know you will be well prepared to visit the country of your dreams ! Buy this book today! Would you like to start today? If you do, just scroll up and hit the buy button. Enjoy Sam's Travel Guides!

©2018 Sam's Travel Guide (P)2018 Sam's Travel Guide

Length: 1 hr and 38 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Jerusalen esta llamando Peregrinaje a la Tierra Santa [Jerusalem Is Calling Pilgrimage to the Holy Land]

Jerusalen esta llamando Peregrinaje a la Tierra Santa [Jerusalem Is Calling Pilgrimage to the Holy Land]

Summary

¿TE HAS PREGUNTADO CO?MO SE SIENTE CAMINAR DONDE JESU?S CAMINO??¿ESTA?S LISTO PARA TOMAR ESTA TRAVESI?A ESPIRITUAL CONMIGO Y SEGUIR SUS HUELLAS? En Jerusalen esta? llamando, Robbie Freeman Shugart comparte contigo su peregrinaje a la Tierra Santa. En el libro de Marcos, Jesu?s les dice a Sus disci?pulos que “vayan por todo el mundo y anuncien las buenas nuevas” acerca de lo que E?l hizo, y demostrar a otros, en Su nombre, los milagros, las sen?ales y maravillas que siguen a los creyentes.En Mateo, Jesu?s dice, “Pidan, y se les dara?; busquen, y encontrara?n; llamen, y se les abrira?”. Si esta?s buscando respuestas, o anhelas que se abran puertas en tu vida, es muy posible que un viaje a Jerusale?n te de? la claridad que necesitas. “No hay mejor tiempo que ahora para escuchar el llamado del corazo?n de Dios en Jerusale?n. Al caminar en las huellas de Jesu?s, tu vida cambiara? para siempre. Lo se?, porque cambio? la mi?a”.ROBBIE FREEMAN SHUGARTCOMIENZA TU PEREGRINAJE HOY MISMO, AL PERMITIR QUE ESTE LIBRO TE GUI?E EN EL CAMINO. Please note: This audiobook is in Spanish.

©2018 Robbie F Shugart (P)2019 Robbie F Shugart

Length: 3 hrs and 46 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Terror Holiday

Terror Holiday

Summary

This history is based on the recent coup attempt in Turkey on July 15, 2016, and an English family's frightening holiday experience during this time.

©Permenant Colin Guest (P)2018 Colin Guest

Narrator: Colin Watts
Author: Colin Guest
Length: 58 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Greater than a Tourist - Jerusalem Israel: 50 Travel Tips from a Local

Greater than a Tourist - Jerusalem Israel: 50 Travel Tips from a Local

1 rating

Summary

Are you excited about planning your next trip? Do you want to try something new? Would you like some guidance from a local? If you answered yes to any of these questions, then this Greater Than a Tourist audiobook is for you. Greater than a Tourist - Jerusalem Israel by Raquel Baccetto and Igor de Mattos offers the inside scoop on Jerusalem. Most travel books tell you how to travel like a tourist.  Although there is nothing wrong with that, as part of the Greater Than a Tourist series, this book will give you travel tips from someone who has lived at your next travel destination. In these sections, you will discover advice that will help you throughout your stay. This audiobook will not tell you exact addresses or store hours but instead will give you excitement and knowledge from a local that you may not find in other smaller print travel books. Travel like a local. Slow down, stay in one place, and get to know the people and culture. By the time you finish this audiobook, you will be eager and prepared to travel to your next destination.

©2019 CZYK Publishing (P)2019 CZYK Publishing

Available on Audible
Cover art for Israel for Travelers

Israel for Travelers

1 rating

Summary

The Best and Most Unique Israel Travel Guide  When you decide to choose Israel for your next holiday, you know that you are in for the best experience of your life. There are so many things to see and discover in Israel, with the mix of new and old being almost intoxicating. History tells us that this is a relatively new country, despite being located on what can only be described as an ancient land. Israel is the country where three religions meet (Judaism, Christianity, and Islam), and this makes up for the most unique traveling experience. Let this audiobook guide you to the many places that you must see in Israel to take full advantage of your once in a lifetime trip. This audiobook is filled with suggested places to stay, from budget to luxurious, places to visit, local cuisines to try, and places to shop. All these suggested itineraries have been experienced firsthand and are all highly recommended to tourists. Experience a whole new world when you come and visit Israel. In this total guide you will find: Areas covered: history lessons/Jerusalem/Tel Aviv/best beaches/surfing/adventure land off-road trips/wildlife spotting/Israel towns/medical tourism/learn Hebrew in Israel/cooking and drinking/accommodation/staying safe/music/festivities General information of each area Area transportation (how to get around - i.e., car, bus, taxi, train, bicycle, etc. - and how much it would cost) Sightseeing (best sights to see, off the beaten path) Best shopping (where the major shopping districts are and what they are known for) Bargain alternatives (where the locals shop to avoid the high tourist gouging) Things to do (recreation outdoor, indoor events, and festivals) Local food specialties Farmer's, fish, and meat markets (locations, dates, and times of various markets) Language, political, and etiquette considerations (What the average tourist should know and how to get along with the locals. Type of currency used and types of places that exchange currency.) Seasonal considerations (typical high and low temperatures, if there is a rainy season, if it snows, floods, or is known for "heavy weather") Comfort services (massage, hair and nail salons, spas, etc.) Essential services (embassy locations, medical facilities, law enforcement, etc.) Area specific discounts and coupons So, purchase now this Israel total guide and start traveling as you listen!

©2018 Brenda Caizza (P)2018 Brenda Caizza

Length: 2 hrs and 30 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Two Old Fools on a Camel

Two Old Fools on a Camel

Summary

From the New York Times best-selling author Victoria Twead comes the third in the Old Fools series.  Reluctantly, Vicky and Joe leave their Spanish mountain village to work for a year in the Middle East. How could they know that the Arab revolution was poised to erupt, throwing them into violent events that would make world headlines? Teaching Arab kids, working with crazy teachers, forming lifelong friendships and being placed under house arrest, Vicky and Joe laugh and lurch through their year in Bahrain.

©2013 Victoria Twead (P)2018 W.F. Howes Ltd

Narrator: Jilly Bond
Length: 7 hrs and 19 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for All of Us, We All Are Arameans

All of Us, We All Are Arameans

Summary

Stuck with a plane ticket to Israel bought for her by a Polish Catholic ex-boyfriend, Eileen Pollack sets out on a hectic, solitary journey around the country, cataloging the region’s rich history, natural beauty, and troubled politics, while examining her own complicated relationship to her Jewish faith and heritage. In this darkly comic, incisive, and nuanced essay, Pollack upends the listener’s expectations as well as her own. A travel essay filled with bewilderment, outrage, humor, and faith, “All of Us, We All Are Arameans” takes us on a trip around Israel and the West Bank that few American tourists would have the chutzpah to attempt.Ploughshares, the literary magazine of Emerson College.

©2012 Emerson College (P)2014 Audible, Inc.

Narrator: Julie McKay
Length: 1 hr and 52 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Couchsurfing im Iran

Couchsurfing im Iran

Summary

Iran: Urlaub auf der "Achse des Bösen" Es ist offiziell verboten. Trotzdem reist Stephan Orth als Couchsurfer kreuz und quer durch den Iran, schläft auf Dutzenden von Perserteppichen, erlebt irrwitzige Abenteuer - und lernt dabei ein Land kennen, das so gar nicht zum Bild des Schurkenstaates passt. Denn die Iraner sind nicht nur Weltmeister in Sachen Gastfreundschaft, sondern auch darin, den Mullahs ein Schnippchen zu schlagen. Ob beim Rotwein-Besäufnis mit einem persischen Prinzen oder bei einem Wohnzimmer-Date mit versammelter Großfamilie, im stinkenden Schmugglerbus oder im rasenden Kleinwagen: Jede neue Begegnung fügt sich als Puzzleteil ein in das Gesamtbild eines Landes, dessen Realität komplett anders ist, als die Klischees vermuten lassen. Ein mitreißend erzählter Reisebericht über die kleinen Freiheiten und großen Sehnsüchte der Iraner. Bei der Bezeichnung "COUCHSURFING" handelt es sich um eine eingetragene Marke der Couchsurfing International, Inc. Der Titel dieses Buches und der Verlag stehen in keiner Beziehung zur Marke. Weiterhin besteht keine Partnerschaft, Zugehörigkeit, Lizenz oder sonstige Beziehung zu Couchsurfing International, Inc.

©2015 Piper (P)2016 der Hörverlag

Narrator: Roland Wolf
Author: Stephan Orth
Length: 6 hrs and 42 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Discover Morocco: The Ultimate Travel Guide for Exploring Morocco Like a Local

Discover Morocco: The Ultimate Travel Guide for Exploring Morocco Like a Local

1 rating

Summary

Are you planning a vacation in Morocco? Do you want to be well prepared and well informed before you leave? Now you can ready to enjoy the delights of this fascinating and historical country, packed with bazaars, stunning beaches, friendly people and delicious food, with Discover Morocco: The Ultimate Travel Guide for Exploring Morocco Like a Local. Inside this book, you will discover plenty of interesting facts and information about Morocco, to help you get the most out of your trip, including: What you will need before you leave? Places to visit? Things to do in Morocco? Recommended accommodation? Things to be wary of? And much more! Morocco is a magical country with a culture unlike any other country and with this book you will have a head-start when it comes to knowing much more about the people and their customs. It is ideal for taking with you as you travel, always keeping close at hand if you get stuck for ideas or knowledge.

©2017 Joe Stanton (P)2017 Joe Stanton

Narrator: Don Wang
Author: Joe Stanton
Length: 26 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Homes

Homes

144 ratings

Summary

In 2010, the al Rabeeah family left their home in Iraq in hope of a safer life. They moved to Homs, in Syria - just before the Syrian civil war broke out.  Abu Bakr, one of eight children, was 10 years old when the violence began on the streets around him: car bombings, attacks on his mosque and school, firebombs late at night. Homes tells of the strange juxtapositions of growing up in a war zone: horrific, unimaginable events punctuated by normalcy - soccer, cousins, video games, friends.  Homes is the remarkable true story of how a young boy emerged from a war zone - and found safety in Canada - with a passion for sharing his story and telling the world what is truly happening in Syria. As told to her by Abu Bakr al Rabeeah, writer Winnie Yeung has crafted a heartbreaking, hopeful, and urgently necessary book that provides a window into understanding Syria.

©2018 Winnie Yeung (P)2019 Audible, Inc.

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 3 hrs and 50 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for America and Iran

America and Iran

Summary

An important, urgently needed book - a hugely ambitious, illuminating portrait of the two-centuries-long entwined histories of Iran and America, and the first book to examine, in all its aspects, the rich and fraught relations between these two powers - once allies, now adversaries. By an admired historian and the author of Untapped: The Scramble for Africa's Oil - "he would do Graham Greene proud" (Kirkus Reviews). In this rich, fascinating history, John Ghazvinian traces the complex story of the relations of these two powers back to the Persian Empire of the 18th century - the subject of great admiration of Thomas Jefferson and John Quincy Adams - and an America seen by Iranians as an ideal to emulate for their own government. Drawing on years of archival research both in the United States and Iran - including access to Iranian government archives rarely available to Western scholars - the Iranian-born, Oxford-educated historian leads us through the four seasons of US-Iran relations: the "spring" of mutual fascination; the "summer" of early interactions; the "autumn" of close strategic ties; and the long, dark "winter" of mutual hatred. Ghazvinian, with grasp and a storyteller's ability, makes clear where, how, and when it all went wrong. And shows why two countries that once had such heartfelt admiration for each other became such committed enemies; showing us, as well, how it didn't have to turn out this way.

©2020 John Ghazvinian (P)2020 Random House Audio

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 27 hrs and 11 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for A History of the Arab Peoples

A History of the Arab Peoples

5 ratings

Summary

Despite the turmoil of Arab nationalism and fundamentalism, Middle Eastern wars, and oil crises, the history of the Arab world has been little known and poorly understood in the West. One reason may be that, for more than half a century, there has been no up-to-date single volume work that chronicles the story of Arab civilization - until now. Albert Hourani, distinguished historian and interpreter, has written a masterwork, a panoramic view encompassing twelve centuries of Arab history and culture. He looks at all sides of this rich and venerable civilization: the beauty of the Alhambra and the great mosques, the importance attached to education, the achievements of Arab science - but also internal conflicts, wide-spread poverty, the role of women, and the contemporary Palestinian question.

(P)2000 Blackstone Audiobooks, Inc.

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 21 hrs and 3 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Elephantine Island and Aswan

Elephantine Island and Aswan

Summary

Africa may have given rise to the first human beings, and Egypt probably gave rise to the first great civilizations, which continue to fascinate modern societies across the globe nearly 5,000 years later. From the Library and Lighthouse of Alexandria to the Great Pyramid at Giza, the ancient Egyptians produced several wonders of the world, revolutionized architecture and construction, created some of the world’s first systems of mathematics and medicine, and established language and art that spread across the known world. With world-famous leaders like King Tut and Cleopatra, it’s no wonder that today’s world has so many Egyptologists. What makes the accomplishments of the ancient Egyptians all the more remarkable is that Egypt was historically a place of great political turbulence. Its position made it both valuable and vulnerable to tribes across the Mediterranean and the Middle East, and Egypt had no shortage of its own internecine warfare. Its most famous conquerors would come from Europe, with Alexander the Great laying the groundwork for the Hellenic Ptolemy line and the Romans extinguishing that line after defeating Cleopatra and driving her to suicide. Perhaps, the most intriguing aspect of ancient Egyptian civilization was its inception from the ground up, as the ancient Egyptians had no prior civilization which they could use as a template. In fact, ancient Egypt itself became a template for the civilizations that followed. The Greeks and the Romans were so impressed with Egyptian culture that they often attributed many attributes of their own culture - usually erroneously - to the Egyptians. With that said, some minor elements of ancient Egyptian culture were, indeed, passed on to later civilizations. Egyptian statuary appears to have had an initial influence on the Greek version, and the ancient Egyptian language continued long after the pharaonic period in the form of the Coptic language. Although the Egyptians may not have passed their civilization directly on to later peoples, the key elements that comprised Egyptian civilization - their religion, early ideas of state, and art and architecture - can be seen in other pre-modern civilizations. For instance, civilizations far separated in time and space such as China and Mesoamerica possessed key elements that were similar to those found in ancient Egypt. Indeed, since Egyptian civilization represented some fundamental human concepts, a study of pharaonic culture can be useful when trying to understand many other pre-modern cultures. Modern Aswan is a gorgeous vacation spot, with a view worthy of its long and rich history, and near modern Aswan is the ancient site of Elephantine, a city that calls a small island on the Nile home. Elephantine was once a thriving, independent city and one of the oldest urban settings in Egypt, and the settlement there was always connected to the surrounding geographic area due to the importance of its location.  Elephantine Island and Aswan: The History and Legacy of the Ancient Egyptian Sites examines the origins of the city of Aswan, and how it affected ancient Egypt.

©2021 Charles River Editors (P)2021 Charles River Editors

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 25 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Operation Homecoming

Operation Homecoming

Summary

In the summer of 2004, the National Endowment for the Arts organized a series of writing workshops, led by prominent authors, to encourage U.S. troops and their families to record their experiences and reflections on the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. The result is this extraordinary volume of first-hand letters, poems, journals, memoirs, and e-mails from the men and women directly involved in battle and their families back home. This uniquely personal addition to the long tradition of war literature covers the entire arc of a soldier's journey, from those first experiences of combat, encounters with Iraqis and Afghans, and the humor and boredom of the daily grind, to the physical and emotional toll of battle, the struggle of loved ones back home to carry on, and finally the return and integration back into American life. Featured on the cover of the New Yorker and in various print and TV news programs, this rich historical document will preserve the stories of American troops at a crucial moment in American history. Edited by Andrew Carroll. Read by Sandi Austin, Joe Barrett, David Birney, Stephen Bonnell, Richard Brewer, Scott Brick, Emily Janice Card, Orson Scott Card, Andrew Carroll, Ross Cohen, Gabrielle De Cuir, Harlan Ellison, Robert Forster, Kirby Heyborne, Stephen Hoye, Arte Johnson, Stephen Lang, Rex Linn, Kathe Mazur, John Rubinstein, Stefan Rudnicki, Judith Smiley, Mirron E. Willis, Efrem Zimbalist, Jr., and Stephanie Zimbalist.

©2006 Southern Arts Federation (P)2006 Blackstone Audio Inc

Available on Audible
Cover art for Babylon

Babylon

12 ratings

Summary

Civilization was born 8,000 years ago, between the floodplains of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, when migrants from the surrounding mountains and deserts began to create increasingly sophisticated urban societies. In the cities that they built, half of human history took place. In Babylon, Paul Kriwaczek tells the story of Mesopotamia from the earliest settlements seven thousand years ago to the eclipse of Babylon in the sixth century BCE. Bringing the people of this land to life in vibrant detail, the author chronicles the rise and fall of power during this period and explores the political and social systems, as well as the technical and cultural innovations, which made this land extraordinary. At the heart of this book is the story of Babylon, which rose to prominence under the Amorite king Hammurabi from about 1800 BCE. Even as Babylon's fortunes waxed and waned, it never lost its allure as the ancient world's greatest city. Engaging and compelling, Babylon reveals the splendor of the ancient world that laid the foundation for civilization itself.

©2010 Paul Kriwaczek (P)2019 Tantor

Narrator: Derek Perkins
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 12 hrs and 1 min
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Crusades

The Crusades

155 ratings

Summary

The Crusades is an authoritative, accessible single-volume history of the brutal struggle for the Holy Land in the Middle Ages. Thomas Asbridge - a renowned historian who writes with "maximum vividness" (Joan Acocella, The New Yorker) - covers the years 1095 to 1291 in this big, ambitious, listenable account of one of the most fascinating periods in history. From Richard the Lionheart to the mighty Saladin, from the emperors of Byzantium to the Knights Templar, Asbridge's book is a magnificent epic of holy war between the Christian and Islamic worlds, full of adventure, intrigue, and sweeping grandeur.

©2010 Thomas Asbridged (P)2016 HarperCollins Publishers

Narrator: Derek Perkins
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 25 hrs and 32 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Living in Heaven, Coping with Hell

Living in Heaven, Coping with Hell

Summary

This is one book you must listen to about Israeli Written by a member of the International Advisory Board for a Northern Israel Research and Education Center, this fascinating narrative reveals the more than century-long story of a Jewish nation being rebuilt along Israel’s northern borders where it once flourished. Through intimate profiles of many residents in multiple border communities, combined with thorough research, listeners will meet people who settled the region, dealt with its tribulations, and that still struggle to live normal lives in a land that remains challenging. Those intrepid souls will inspire you and humor you as you come to know many ordinary men and women that have accomplished extraordinary things. Captured are stories of: idealistic and courageous Jews fleeing pogroms in Eastern Europe and Russia.  Jews determined to restore the Jewish nation through Jewish labor and self-help. Passionate Zionists building a nation. Entrepreneurs. The Kibbutz - its rise, fall, and struggle to rise again. Kiryat Shmona’s troubling issues. Terrorism and Katyushas. Metula’s, Majdal Shams’, and Ghajar’s intriguing past and difficult futures. Hezbollah, earthquakes, and medical care. The author’s perspective and experiences unveiled as he crisscrossed the area. Written in a conversational style and propelled by Sobin’s passion for the region, this unforgettable narrative is required listening for learning about a critical part of Israel’s past, present, and future.

©2020 Clifford Sobin (P)2021 Clifford Sobin

Narrator: Clifford Sobin
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 13 hrs and 42 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Great Sea

The Great Sea

6 ratings

Summary

Brought to you by Penguin.  

For over 3,000 years, the Mediterranean Sea has been one of the great centres of civilisation. David Abulafia's The Great Sea is the first complete history of the Mediterranean, from the erection of temples on Malta around 3500 BC to modern tourism. Ranging across time and the whole extraordinary space of the Mediterranean from Gibraltar to Jaffa, Genoa to Tunis, and bringing to life pilgrims, pirates, sultans and naval commanders, this is the story of the sea that has shaped much of world history.

©2019 David Abulafia (P)2019 Penguin Audio

Narrator: Jonathan Keeble
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 26 hrs and 20 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Sumerians: A History from Beginning to End

The Sumerians: A History from Beginning to End

1 rating

Summary

The Sumerians settled in the area known as Mesopotamia, between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, around 5,000 years ago. They produced many fundamental changes to the way in which human societies developed - these were the first city-builders, the first people to use wheeled vehicles, the first methodical astronomers, and the first people to develop a sophisticated written language. The Sumerians also produced art, music, and literature as well as created some of the first professional soldiers the world had ever seen. But for all that we know about the Sumerians, one central mystery remains: We have no idea where the Sumerians came from when they suddenly arrived in Mesopotamia 5,000 years ago. Many people have put forward answers ranging from the plausible to the esoteric to the (literally) out of this world, but none of the solutions suggested to date appears to provide a complete or final answer. From this audiobook you will learn about... The Black Heads Arrive The Conquest of Sumer Sumerian Society and Religion Technology and Writing Music and Art Mysteries of the Sumerians And much more! When looking at how Homo sapiens have developed from primitive tribes of hunter-gatherers to today’s urban dwellers, the Sumerians represent one of the biggest and most dramatic single periods of change ever achieved by the human race. This is the story of the advanced, ingenious, and mysterious Sumerians.

©2018 Hourly History (P)2019 Hourly History

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 6 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Religions of Ancient Egypt and Babylonia

The Religions of Ancient Egypt and Babylonia

Summary

The Religions of Ancient Egypt and Babylonia (1903) consists of Egyptian religion in part one, including discussions of the sun god, the ennead, Osiris, and the journey of the soul. Part two deals with animism and the beliefs of Sumeria, Babylonia, and Assyria. The book comprises the Gifford Lectures on the Ancient Egyptian and Babylonian Conception of the Divine.

Public Domain (P)2019 Museum Audiobooks

Narrator: Teagan McKenzie
Author: A.H. Sayce
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 11 hrs and 56 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Book of the Dead

The Book of the Dead

Summary

Given the abundance of funerary artifacts that have been found within the sands of Egypt, it sometimes seems as though the Ancient Egyptians were more concerned with the matters of the afterlife than they were with matters of the life they experienced from day to day. This is underscored most prominently by the pyramids, which have captured the world’s imagination for centuries.  Generations have viewed them as symbols of a lost past, which in turn is often portrayed as a world full of romance and mystery. This verbal meaning has become associated with the structures through the tourism industry, where intrigue obviously boosts ticket sales. In fact, the Egyptian pyramids are so old that they were also drawing tourists even in ancient times. In antiquity, the Great Pyramid of Giza was listed as one of Seven Ancient Wonders of the World, and it is the only one still surviving today.  Though the ancient tombs have been extensively plundered, they still stand as gateways to the afterlife that provide a murky window into the past of a fascinating civilization. Most importantly, the relatively untouched tomb of the young King Tutankhamun offered clear insight. Many of the objects that were discovered in Tutankhamun’s tomb were clearly made specifically for him and his burial, such as the coffins, funerary masks, canopic equipment and statues.  To accomplish all the necessities the Egyptians believed in, they relied on spells and invocations, which were collected in a series of funerary texts such as the Pyramid Texts. By the era of the New Kingdom, the most popular funerary text was The Book of the Dead, one of the most evocative titles of literature in the history of humankind. Its mystical writings offer a glimpse into a realm of magical thinking beyond the skills of most writers of fiction. The Book of the Dead has enraptured scholars and laymen for centuries. For that reason, it may surprise many that The Book of the Dead does not actually exist as a book. In fact, what is referred to as The Book of the Dead today is actually the accumulation of around 400 spells from the whole gamut of Egyptian history. The name was given to this collection of texts by modern Egyptologists, but the fact remains that no one text contains all of the spells associated with this body of work.  To the ancient Egyptians, these spells would have loosely contributed to a collection known as The Book of Coming Forth by Day. This moniker is extremely important to the understanding of its primary purpose: returning from the depths of “night.” The Egyptian concept of “coming forth by day” meant rebirth, just as the sun is “reborn” each morning after its “death” at sunset. In other words, rather than the work being any kind of magical book to summon, speak with, or fight against “the dead”, it is actually a manual for the dead to go beyond their physical death and “come forth” into an eternal state of bliss.

©2019 Charles River Editors (P)2019 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Jim D. Johnston
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 31 mins
Available on Audible
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Egyptian Mythology

Summary

Would you like to learn how Egyptians believed the world was created? Are you interested in learning about Egyptian gods and goddesses and the role they play in the universe? If you answered yes to any of the questions, then you are going to want to continue reading. Egyptian mythology is made of stories and beliefs that come from ancient Egypt. It describes the actions of the gods and goddesses as a way to understand the world. The beliefs of these stories played an important role in ancient Egyptian religion. These myths can be frequently seen in Egyptian art and writing, especially in short stories and religious material. Most of the time these sources only contain a brief fragment of the myth. Ancient Egyptians were inspired by the cycle of nature. Their earliest versions of time were seen as linear, and their myths are set in this type of time. The myths set the pattern of time cycles that are now used. Egyptian myths are fascinating to learn about and some of the most common stories to hear about are the ones involving Ra, Osiris, Isis, Horus, and Set. There are also recurring themes within the myths. This audiobook is here to teach you about some of the most and important interesting things of Egyptian mythology. In this audiobook you will learn about: The creation story The history of Egyptian mythology Egyptian gods and goddesses Story about Horus and Set - a mythical murder plot The Book of Thoth Anubis How the mythology affects the Egyptian people The prince and the sphinx And much more Just like with any other mythology, the details of these events differ greatly from one to the next. There are some that even comes off as contradictory. That means there is a chance that you may have heard one of these stories before, but this version is different than what you are used to. It doesn’t mean one is wrong. This is just what happens after stories have been told from centuries and translated many times. To that end, the develop of the Egyptian myths are hard to trace as well, but we’ve done the best we can. You will learn something new and amazing in this audiobook. The majority of Egyptian myths are metaphorical and look to translate the actions and essence of deities into terms that humans can understand. You will also come to learn that a lot of their stories and beliefs revolve around the Nile. This mythology had a profound impact on the Egyptian culture. It has influenced and inspired several religious rituals and gave them the basis for kingship. Throughout Egypt symbols and scenes from their myths appear in amulets, temples, and tombs. The Egyptian mythology can serve a wide variety of purposes. Whether you are want to learn something new or you are just looking for something entertaining to listen to, this audiobook has what you are looking for. Don’t wait any longer. All you need to do is buy it today!

©2020 Roberts Parizi (P)2021 Roberts Parizi

Narrator: John Hopkinson
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 6 hrs and 24 mins
Available on Audible
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Sarmatians and Scythians

1 rating

Summary

If you want to discover the captivating history of the Sarmatians and Scythians, then pay attention.... Masters of the horse, the Scythians and Sarmatians opened the Eurasian Steppe to nomadic civilizations like it had never seen before. For the first time, a group of tribes sharing a common culture called the Steppe their home, adapting themselves to its harshness. Born out of this environment, a very particular way to live was adopted and later spread to peoples of Central Asia - the pastoral nomadic lifestyle. It would be the bane of organized armies of great empires, as the excellent mobility granted by their superior horse-riding skills were no match compared to the slow, organized infantry. The tale of the Scythians and Sarmatians have lasted through history, and although they had not one written historical record of their own, their presence was registered by dozens of classical historians. More importantly, though, their precious burial tombs still retained some of the civilizational remains of this extraordinary group of peoples. In Sarmatians and Scythians: A Captivating Guide to the Barbarians of Iranian Origins and How These Ancient Tribes Fought Against the Roman Empire, Goths, Huns, and Persians, you will discover topics such as Origins of the Scythians and Sarmatians Art, culture, and religion Economy and society Warfare and conquest End of the Scythians and Sarmatians And much, much more! So if you want to learn more about Sarmatians and Scythians, buy now!

©2020 Captivating History (P)2020 Captivating History

Narrator: Randy Whitlow
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 29 mins
Available on Audible
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Sketches of Jewish Social Life

Summary

This classic work by Alfred Edersheim offers a window into the Levant at the time of Christ, providing information on the inhabitants, people’s working lives, and the position of various segments of society during this time. Although the area had fallen under the dominion of Rome in the first century BCE, it was still a Jewish Kingdom under the Herodian dynasty. The author draws on Christian, Greek, Jewish, and Roman sources to present life in Jerusalem, Judea, and the Galilee, including quotes from scripture, rabbinic sources, and the works of the Alexandrian philosopher Philo and the historian Josephus. Sketches of Jewish Social Life is highly regarded as an authoritative work of history.

Public Domain (P)2019 Museum Audiobooks

Narrator: Matthew Erwin
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 9 hrs and 8 mins
Available on Audible
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Iran

13 ratings

Summary

This history of modern Iran is not a survey in the conventional sense but an ambitious exploration of the story of a nation. It offers a revealing look at how events, people, and institutions are shaped by currents that sometimes reach back hundreds of years. The book covers the complex history of the diverse societies and economies of Iran against the background of dynastic changes, revolutions, civil wars, foreign occupation, and the rise of the Islamic Republic. Abbas Amanat combines chronological and thematic approaches, exploring events with lasting implications for modern Iran and the world. Drawing on diverse historical scholarship and emphasizing the 20th century, he addresses debates about Iran's culture and politics. Political history is the driving narrative force, given impetus by Amanat's decades of research and study. He layers the book with discussions of literature, music, and the arts; ideology and religion; economy and society; and cultural identity and heritage.

©2017 Yale University (P)2018 Tantor

Narrator: Derek Perkins
Author: Abbas Amanat
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 41 hrs and 53 mins
Available on Audible
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Sumerians: A History from Beginning to End

1 rating

Summary

The Sumerians A legendary civilization vanished under the Fertile Crescent and escaped a fate worse than death until Sumerologists questioned widely accepted truths. The Sumerians reemerged onto the extraordinary timeline of human history. Their tales of kings and gods, including the Epic of Gilgamesh, and their fearless trade in distant lands, during the remarkable Bronze Age, centered in the world’s first city-states that chronicled ancient rivalries and their enduring impact. From this audiobook you will learn about: How we know what we know about Sumerians The Bronze Age - Sumer and its contemporaries How did the Sumerians become civilized How long were they around Primer of impact of Sumerian ancient civilization on our world What did they look like What shaped their worldview And much more   Our journey relies on excavated and historical evidence to explore their productive fascinations with order and man’s place in the universe. Their application of impressive knowledge helps us unfold their mysterious civilization. 

©2016 Henry Freeman (P)2018 Henry Freeman

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 2 hrs and 48 mins
Available on Audible
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The Persian Empire

1 rating

Summary

Explore the Captivating History of the Persian Empire!  One of the most shocking things about the Persians is how quickly they went from an obscure, powerless, and nomadic tribe to an immense empire that spanned across western Asia, Africa, and parts of Europe. The rise of Cyrus the great, considered the father of Persia, in the seventh century BCE, filled the power vacuum caused by the fall of the Assyrians, and it led to the formation of one of the most powerful empires of the ancient world.  The Persians have made significant contributions to world culture, ranging from their ability to raise and train one of the ancient world’s most formidable fighting forces, the Persian Immortals, to their new and effective ways of organizing and administering government. And Persian art heavily influenced their Muslim invaders, helping to usher in the Islamic Golden age that helped spread Islam throughout the Middle East and Africa.  In The Persian Empire: A Captivating Guide to the History of Persia, Starting from the Ancient Achaemenid, Parthian, and Sassanian Empires to the Safavid, Afsharid, and Qajar Dynasties, you will discover topics such as: Who are the Persians? The history of human population in Iran The birth of the Achaemenid Empire: the rise and reign of Cyrus the Great The glory of the Achaemenid Empire: Cambyses and Darius The beginning of the end: the Reign of Xerxes and the downfall of the Achaemenid Dynasty Life in ancient Persia The Persian military Zoroastrianism: Persia’s religion Later Persian dynasties: the Parthian Empire to the Qajar Dynasty Persian art: mixing East and West Persian contributions to science and technology And much, much more!

©2018 Captivating History (P)2019 Captivating History

Narrator: Desmond Manny
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 3 hrs and 3 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Suleiman the Magnificent: A Captivating Guide to the Longest-Reigning Sultan of the Ottoman Empire

Suleiman the Magnificent: A Captivating Guide to the Longest-Reigning Sultan of the Ottoman Empire

1 rating

Summary

Explore the captivating history of Suleiman the Magnificent! Suleiman I probably knew of other monarchs and celebrities we might recognize: Ferdinand and Isabella II of Aragon; King Henry VIII and his infamous trail of wives; and Charles the V, the Holy Roman emperor who dressed in black for the majority of his life. Columbus had set off to sail the ocean blue just two years before Suleiman’s birth. William Shakespeare was just two years old when Suleiman died, as was Galileo Galilei.  During his reign, Suleiman the Magnificent guided the Ottoman Empire through its golden age of trade and expansion. His reign changed the face of the world and the lives of millions of people, and his name echoes down to us in the present day. Suleiman the Magnificent wasn’t quite like any other sultan before or after him. This audiobook explains why. In Suleiman the Magnificent: A Captivating Guide to the Longest-Reigning Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, you will discover topics such as: The world before Suleiman I Succession Lover, poet, and patron of the arts Father Friend Campaigner Statesman And much, much more So listen to this audiobook now if you want to learn more about Suleiman the Magnificent!

©2018 Captivating History (P)2018 Captivating History

Narrator: Desmond Manny
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 22 mins
Available on Audible
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The Kingdom of Alashiya

Summary

International trade in the ancient world was a more intricate and far-reaching system than many have been led to believe. The Silk Road and the Incense Trade Route have been heavily researched in recent decades, and the Amber Road trade network dominating northern Europe has become a more prominent area of focus for historians as well. Trade was at the forefront of the Late Bronze Age (c. 1500-1200 BCE), especially in the Near East, where great kingdoms developed a network of trade and diplomacy stretching from Persia to Egypt and from Anatolia (modern-day Turkey) down to Arabia. The system these kingdoms built is well-documented in texts from Egypt, Mesopotamia, Anatolia, and other places, and archaeological excavations have uncovered more. Studies of the Late Bronze Age system have revealed that although it may have lacked the technology of later eras, it was just as sophisticated as any other geopolitical system in terms of the manner in which the kingdoms interacted and conducted business with each other. Most importantly, alliances were formed and dissolved and trade was carefully negotiated and documented by its members.  Most major powers in the system are quite well-known, including Egypt, Babylon, Assyria, Hatti, and Mittani, but one of the members remains fairly enigmatic: the Kingdom of Alashiya. The primary mystery concerning the Kingdom of Alashiya was its precise location, because the known Egyptian, Akkadian, and Hittite texts mentioning Alashiya fail to properly place the kingdom geographically. For years scholars were torn between its possible location, with most believing it was either in Cyprus, Cilicia, or somewhere in Syria, but today, most accept that Alashiya was in Cyprus.  Nevertheless, there are still a number of stumbling blocks preventing a true understanding of this Bronze Age culture. Although the people of Cyprus were literate in the Bronze Age, scholars have yet to decipher the Cypro-Minoan script, just as they have been unable to decode the Minoan Linear A script. This inability to read ancient Cypriot script means that scholars are left with no readable Cypriot/Alashiyan list of kings, so a true chronology cannot be constructed. For these reasons, the history of Bronze Age Cyprus and Alashiya have been largely outlined through a combination of archaeological work and mentions in Egyptian, Akkadian, and Hittite texts.  Although the record is incomplete, enough is known to suggest that Cyprus was home to thriving kingdoms that played a major role in the development of the Mediterranean and Near East. Indeed, evidence demonstrates that Alashiya became a major power through trade and commerce due to its possession of copper, an incredibly valuable commodity. But eventually, Alashiya suffered the same fate as many of its neighbors at the end of the Bronze Age when it was overwhelmed by the migrations of various warrior bands collectively known as the Sea Peoples. Fortunately, even though the invasions of the Sea Peoples marked the end of Alashiya and the Bronze Age, remnants of the Alashiyan culture persisted and were augmented by Greek and Phoenician culture during the early Iron Age.  The Kingdom of Alashiya: The History and Legacy of the Ancient Trading Kingdom on Cyprus during the Bronze Age examines the mysterious kingdom and its relationships with various other kingdoms nearby. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about ancient Cyprus like never before.

©2020 Charles River Editors (P)2020 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Colin Fluxman
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 27 mins
Available on Audible
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Black Sumer

Summary

This audiobook amazingly shows how the pioneer Assyriologists said Mesopotamia had 'Cushite' origins! Did you know that there are still Black populations in southern Asia? They are the descendants of the ancient civilization builders of Asia! A wonderful follow-up to Hermstein's first volume showing the ancestors of the Sumerians to be of African origin. This volume concentrates on the skeletal reports produced by physical anthropologists which showed that the Sumerians, Akkadians and Babylonians were a predominantly Black people. It utilizes techniques used by the FBI to show the racial affinity of skeletal remains. This is CSI level of proof! This is the must have book for those interested in Black history. Egypt was African. Now Mesopotamian civilization is shown to have had a Black origin! For those wishing to avoid a Black origin of civilization they are fast running out of refuges!

©2013 Hermel Hermstein (P)2015 Hermel Hermstein

Narrator: Doron Alon
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 4 hrs and 45 mins
Available on Audible
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The Nile

1 rating

Summary

A hypnotic journey in the company of one of the world's most acclaimed Egyptologists over the fabled river telling how the Nile continually brought life to an ancient civilization now dead and how it sustained its successors, now in tumult. Renowned Egyptologist Toby Wilkinson leads us through space as much as time: From the river's mystical sources (the Blue Nile which rises in Ethiopia, and the White Nile coursing from majestic Lake Victoria); to Thebes, with its Valley of the Kings, Valley of the Queens, and Luxor Temple; the fertile Delta; Giza, home of the Great Pyramid, the sole surviving Wonder of the Ancient World; and finally, to the pulsating capital city of Cairo, where the Arab Spring erupted on the bridges over the Nile. Along the way, he introduces us to mysterious and fabled characters - the gods, godlike pharaohs, emperors and empresses, who joined their fate to the Nile and gained immortality; the adventurers, archaeologists, and historians who have all fallen under its spell. With matchless erudition and storytelling skill, through a lens equal to both panoramas and close-ups, Wilkinson brings millennia of history into view.

©2014 Toby Wilkinson (P)2014 Audible Inc.

Narrator: Peter Ganim
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 12 hrs and 19 mins
Available on Audible
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Ancient Egypt

1 rating

Summary

Explore the captivating history of ancient Egypt. Ancient Egypt is one of the most fascinating and sophisticated civilizations in the known history. The ancient Egyptians are remembered by their gods, pyramids, pharaohs, mummification, hieroglyphs, agriculture, and much more. This audiobook reveals the secrets of the captivating world of ancient Egypt and the intriguing stories of its celebrities, such as the Akhenaten, Ramses the Great, Queen Cleopatra, and the boy-king Tut. You’ll learn about mighty gods and the magical link between the sun and the people of Egypt, and explore the horrendous burial rituals that warranted a safe path to the afterlife. Find out the secrets of one of the most magnificent societies that ever existed and discover why it still manages to seize the attention of the world. Some of the topics covered in this audiobook include: Who Were Ancient Egyptians - Their Origins, History, and Geography Who Held the Power: The Social Structure of Ancient Egypt Kings and Their Military Power The Magnificent Pharaohs of the New Kingdom and Their Empire The Decay and End of the Egyptian Civilization A Romance, Politics, and Tragedy: The Story of Cleopatra VII The Religion, Mythology, and Rituals of Ancient Egyptians Funerary Beliefs and Rituals: Mummification and Afterlife The Architecture of Ancient Egypt: Temples and Pyramids And much more! Get this audiobook now to learn more about ancient Egypt!

©2018 Captivating History (P)2018 Captivating History

Narrator: Duke Holm
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 2 hrs and 6 mins
Available on Audible
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The Mamluks

Summary

Egypt in the 14th century was a glorious kingdom to behold. Spice merchants from Europe, Asia, and Africa sailed up the Nile River to the great port city of Alexandria, carrying riches such as silk, jewels, and spices. Cairo, the capital of Egypt, was the greatest city in the Islamic world, with a larger population and more wealth and splendor than any city in Europe. Cairo was a shining pinnacle of cosmopolitan splendor in the medieval world, and besides being a major trading hub, Cairo was famous for its scholars and intellectual class, offering countless academic opportunities for scholars across the Islamic world. The culture of Cairo was dynamic and famous for its wide range of intellectual debates on Islamic sciences and other academic fields, all of which far surpassed any contemporary city at the time. From across the Islamic world, scholars from all the major schools of thought were represented in Cairo. Spirited lectures occurred frequently in public squares and madrasas were often packed with patrons eagerly listening to readings by famed scholars. Cairo was a city filled with art, trade, and knowledge. However, there was another factor that made Cairo infamous. The city represented the last bastion of the Muslim world - a great Islamic caliphate, centered in Iraq, had once stretched from the edges of Central Asia to Spain, but invasions by outside enemies had mostly overrun this once mighty empire. The Mongol armies, pouring forth from their grasslands in Asia, had sacked Baghdad in 1258, destroying the caliphate and sending the Islamic world into a state of deep peril. Moreover, European crusaders had launched multiple invasions into Palestine and the Levant, threatening the very existence of the Muslim world. Ultimately these foreign invaders were all stopped by one group: the Mamluks of Egypt, a group of warriors, slaves, and kings. Hailing from the Eurasian steppes, the Mamluks were not Arab, but ethnically Turkish, enslaved at a young age, and sold into military service in Egypt, where they underwent intense military training in Cairo. Thus, these Turkish warriors were utterly alien from the Arab populations they eventually ruled over in ethnicity, language, and culture, but they were remarkably skilled in the mounted warfare styles of the nomadic tribes of the Eurasian grasslands and other aspects of medieval warfare. As a result, the Mamluks were some of the finest professional soldiers of their time, which they proved on multiple occasions through their brilliant military campaigns against the numerous enemies of Islamic Egypt. Critically, the Mamluks were one of the only groups to defeat the seemingly unstoppable Mongol hordes in open battle, potentially saving the Islamic world from annihilation. It could be argued that without the Mamluks, the Islamic world would have been completely destroyed, changing the course of history. As the Mamluks took power in Egypt, they rapidly became the center of the Islamic world. Egypt’s political system made it unique when compared to other parts of the Muslim world, and though the daily management of the kingdom required interactions between the foreign Mamluks and their Egyptian subjects, a vast degree of separation remained the law of the land. The Mamluks held a tight grip on political and military power (ordinary Egyptians were even forbidden to ride horses), and this system of recruitment from abroad and social isolation created an elite army loyal to the state and succeeded in barring the ruled people, even the sons of the Mamluks, from entering the ruling classes. Nothing symbolized this system better than the Citadel, a complex of mosques, offices, living quarters, stables, and palace that stood on a rocky prominence 250 feet above the city of Cairo. It was from the Citadel that the Mamluk sultan presided over his royal court and regiments.

©2019 Charles River Editors (P)2019 Charles River Editors

Narrator: David Bernard
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 2 hrs and 18 mins
Available on Audible
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The Ancient Black Hebrews

2 ratings

Summary

What ethnic group did Abraham and his family belong to? What color was this ethnic group? Does the Bible say they looked like Cushites? Are there pictures of this ethnic group from the time of Abraham? All of these questions are fully answered in this book! PLEASE NOTE: When you purchase this title, the accompanying PDF will be available in your Audible Library along with the audio.

©2019 Gert Muller (P)2019 Gert Muller

Narrator: Mike Piscitelli
Author: Gert Muller
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 54 mins
Available on Audible
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The Ancient Black Hebrews Vol IV (B & W): The Cover Up

Summary

New evidence of the ancient black hebrews and how it was covered up by the aristocracy. All is revealed in this 4th volume! Sound interesting? The author thinks so too! Listen to The Ancient Black Hebrews Vol IV (B & W) and learn about ancient history, civilization, and culture.   PLEASE NOTE: When you purchase this title, the accompanying PDF will be available in your Audible Library along with the audio.

©2019 Gert Muller (P)2019 Gert Muller

Narrator: Becky White
Author: Gert Muller
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 5 mins
Available on Audible
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Thunder Run

2 ratings

Summary

Called “the best account of combat since Black Hawk Down” by Men’s Journal, Thunder Run is a no-holds-barred look at the sweep of Baghdad, Iraq in 2003 by U.S. armed forces. One of the boldest gambles in modern military history, the surprise attack on Baghdad by three battalions of tanks and APCs and less than 1,000 men total was the single stroke that is credited for ending the Iraqi war. The three days of fierce fighting that followed the initial attack are captured in stunning detail by Richard M. Davidson’s powerhouse narration.

©2004 David Zucchino (P)2004 Recorded Books, LLC

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 15 hrs and 37 mins
Available on Audible
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Racial Unity of the Ancient Egyptians and Nubians

Summary

The skeletal remains, mummies, hair, and art of the ancient Egyptians show that they were similar to Nubians. The art of the ancient Egyptians shows that had the same variation in facial features and complexion that we see in Nubian art. It cannot be denied that the ancient Egyptians and Nubians belonged to the same race. This is a continuation of the work of Professor Cheikh Anta Diop using mainly information that was not available in his time.

©2013 Gert Muller (P)2015 Gert Muller

Narrator: Tim Harwood
Author: Gert Muller
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 38 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Ottoman Empire: A Captivating Guide to the Rise and Fall of the Ottoman Empire, the Fall of Constantinople, and the Life of Suleiman the Magnificent

Ottoman Empire: A Captivating Guide to the Rise and Fall of the Ottoman Empire, the Fall of Constantinople, and the Life of Suleiman the Magnificent

Summary

If you want to discover captivating stories of people and events of the Ottoman Empire then pay attention... Three captivating manuscripts in one book:   The Ottoman Empire: A Captivating Guide to the Rise and Fall of the Turkish Empire and Its Control over Much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia, and North Africa The Fall of Constantinople: A Captivating Guide to the Conquest of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks That Marked the end of the Byzantine Empire Suleiman the Magnificent: A Captivating Guide to the Longest-Reigning Sultan of the Ottoman Empire Incredible facts about this empire still surprise anyone who starts discovering those stories. You’ll find out that, for quite a while, this Islamic state was effectively ruled by women, and that’s just the beginning. Some of the topics covered in part 1 of this audiobook include:   The First Sultan The Conqueror The Just and the Resolute The Magnificent The Supreme Valide Husbands and Sons Grandest of the Grand The End of the Ottoman Empire Some of the topics covered in part 2 of this audiobook include:   The Gateway to the West God Wills It: Knights of the First Crusade Broken Promises: The Fourth Crusade Schisms in the Church Preparation: The Big Guns Constantinople: The Final Stand The aftermath Some of the topics covered in part 3 of this audiobook include:   The World Before Suleiman I Succession Lover, Poet, & Patron of the Arts Father Friend Campaigner Statesman And much, much more! So if you want to learn more about the Ottoman Empire, click the "add to cart" button!

©2018 Captivating History (P)2019 Captivating History

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 5 hrs and 17 mins
Available on Audible
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Return of a King

5 ratings

Summary

From William Dalrymple - award-winning historian, journalist and travel writer - a masterly retelling of what was perhaps the West’s greatest imperial disaster in the East, and an important parable of neocolonial ambition, folly and hubris that has striking relevance to our own time. With access to newly discovered primary sources from archives in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Russia and India - including a series of previously untranslated Afghan epic poems and biographies - the author gives us the most immediate and comprehensive account yet of the spectacular first battle for Afghanistan: The British invasion of the remote kingdom in 1839. Led by lancers in scarlet cloaks and plumed helmets, and facing little resistance, nearly 20,000 British and East India Company troops poured through the mountain passes from India into Afghanistan in order to reestablish Shah Shuja ul-Mulk on the throne, and as their puppet. But after little more than two years, the Afghans rose in answer to the call for jihad and the country exploded into rebellion. This First Anglo-Afghan War ended with an entire army of what was then the most powerful military nation in the world ambushed and destroyed in snowbound mountain passes by simply equipped Afghan tribesmen. Only one British man made it through. But Dalrymple takes us beyond the bare outline of this infamous battle, and with penetrating, balanced insight illuminates the uncanny similarities between the West’s first disastrous entanglement with Afghanistan and the situation today. He delineates the straightforward facts: Shah Shuja and President Hamid Karzai share the same tribal heritage; the Shah’s principal opponents were the Ghilzai tribe, who today make up the bulk of the Taliban’s foot soldiers; the same cities garrisoned by the British are today garrisoned by foreign troops, attacked from the same rings of hills and high passes from which the British faced attack. Dalryrmple also makes clear the byzantine complexity of Afghanistan’s age-old tribal rivalries, the stranglehold they have on the politics of the nation and the ways in which they ensnared both the British in the nineteenth century and NATO forces in the twenty-first. Informed by the author’s decades-long firsthand knowledge of Afghanistan, and superbly shaped by his hallmark gifts as a narrative historian and his singular eye for the evocation of place and culture, The Return of a King is both the definitive analysis of the First Anglo-Afghan War and a work of stunning topicality.

©2013 William Dalrymple (P)2014 Audible Inc.

Narrator: Neil Shah
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 17 hrs and 58 mins
Available on Audible
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Nubian Origins of Egyptian Predynastic Civilization

1 rating

Summary

Without Nubia there would have been no dynastic Egypt!  The origins of the ancient Egypt we all know and love lie in the predynastic cultures of southern Egypt. This culture created the world's first city known as Hierakonpolis around 3800 BC. The Egyptians called it Nekhen.  In this city was found evidence of the first temple, the first pottery factory, the first brewery, the first image of the Falcon Horus. Hierakonpolis was part of the Naqada predynastic culture of southern Egypt which began around 4000 BC. It was located around 100 miles from Aswan in present-day Nubia.  Few people, however, are aware of the technical accomplishments and cultural impulses that came to Hierakonpolis from Lower and Upper Nubia. It made possible the economic and military expansion that created the Egyptian civilization of dynastic times. Without Nubia there would have been no Hierakonpolis!   PLEASE NOTE: When you purchase this title, the accompanying PDF will be available in your Audible Library along with the audio.

©2013 Gert Muller (P)2015 Gert Muller

Narrator: Marie Hoffman
Author: Gert Muller
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 48 mins
Available on Audible
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Full Moon over Noah's Ark

Summary

Acclaimed travel writer Rick Antonson sets his adventurous compass on Mount Ararat, exploring the region's long history, religious mysteries, and complex politics. Mount Ararat is the most fabled mountain in the world. For millennia, this massif in eastern Turkey has been rumored as the resting place of Noah's Ark following the Great Flood. But it also plays a significant role in the longstanding conflict between Turkey and Armenia. Author Rick Antonson joined a five-member expedition to the mountain's nearly 17,000-foot summit, trekking alongside a contingent of Armenians, for whom Mount Ararat is the stolen symbol of their country. Antonson weaves vivid historical anecdote with unexpected travel vignettes, whether tracing earlier mountaineering attempts on the peak, recounting the genocide of Armenians and its unresolved debate, or depicting the Kurds' ambitions for their own nation's borders, which some say should include Mount Ararat. What unfolds in Full Moon Over Noah's Ark is one man's odyssey, a tale told through many stories. Starting with the flooding of the Black Sea in 5600 BCE, through to the Epic of Gilgamesh and the contrasting narratives of the Great Flood known to followers of the Judaic, Christian, and Islamic religions, Full Moon Over Noah's Ark takes listeners along with Antonson through the shadows and broad landscapes of Turkey, Iraq, Iran and Armenia, shedding light on a troubled but fascinating area of the world. Skyhorse Publishing, as well as our Arcade imprint, are proud to publish a broad range of books for listeners interested in history - books about World War II, the Third Reich, Hitler and his henchmen, the JFK assassination, conspiracies, the American Civil War, the American Revolution, gladiators, Vikings, ancient Rome, medieval times, the old West, and much more. While not every title we publish becomes a New York Times best-seller or a national best-seller, we are committed to books on subjects that are sometimes overlooked and to authors whose work might not otherwise find a home.

©2016 Rick Antonson (P)2016 Audible, Inc.

Narrator: James Conlan
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 10 hrs and 1 min
Available on Audible
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The Ottoman Empire

Summary

Over the course of just 200 years, the Ottoman Empire grew from a small, obscure Anatolian state into the most powerful Muslim nation in the world, controlling vast swathes of the Middle East, Eastern Europe, and North Africa. Within the empire, science, medicine, technology, and art flourished, and the Ottoman army became one of the most feared and efficient fighting forces in existence. Then came a period of gradual decline. Beset by external enemies and torn apart by conflicting elements inside, over the next 350 years, the Ottoman Empire lost power, territory, and prestige until it became “the sick man of Europe”. Inside, you will hear about: Emergence of the Ottoman Dynasty The Fall of Constantinople Selim the Grim and Suleiman the Magnificent Sultanate of Women The Crimean War Decline until World War I And much more! This is the dramatic story of the rise, fall, and eventual disintegration of the Ottoman Empire, of its conquests and defeats, and of its sultans who ranged from the grandeur of Suleiman the Magnificent to the obsession and confusion of Mustafa the Mad. The story begins with the dream of the first Ottoman sultan, Osman I, in 1300, and ended with the nightmare of the last sultan, Abdulmejid II, in 1922. This is the story of the Ottoman Empire from beginning to end.

©2018 Hourly History (P)2019 Hourly History

Narrator:
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 10 mins
Available on Audible
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History and Religion in Ancient Egypt Collection

Summary

Three of the world’s great religions originated in the Middle East: Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. Before that, religion in ancient Babylonia and Egypt had a history of thousands of years. In Egypt, religious practice centered on the pharaohs who acted as intermediaries between their people and the gods. They were obligated to sustain the deities through rituals and offerings so that they could maintain Ma'at, the order of the cosmos. The state dedicated enormous resources to maintaining religious rituals and to the construction of temples.  The History and Religion in Ancient Egypt Collection consists of:  Book one: Legends of Ancient Egypt, by Margaret Alice Murray (1863-1963), an archaeologist, anthropologist, Egyptologist, and historian and the first woman to serve as a lecturer in archaeology in Britain. The book contains 11 stories based on ancient Egyptian legends. Each legend is stylistically adapted to English but in a way that sticks close to the original. They include "The Princess and the Demon", "The King's Dream", "The Coming of the Great Queen", "The Book of Thoth", "The Legend of Osiris", and "The Scorpions of Isis".  Book two: The Religions of Ancient Egypt and Babylonia (1903) consists of Egyptian religion in part one, including discussions of the sun god, the Ennead, Osiris, and the journey of the soul. Part two deals with animism and the beliefs of Sumeria, Babylonia, and Assyria. The book comprises the Gifford lectures on the ancient Egyptian and Babylonian conception of the divine.  Book three: The Papyrus of Ani is a papyrus manuscript created c. 1250 BCE, in the 19th dynasty of the New Kingdom of ancient Egypt. The introduction by E.A. Wallis Budge is followed by reproductions of the Egyptian hieroglyphs, an interlinear transliteration of their sounds, a word-for-word translation, and a smooth translation.  Book four: The Ancient History of the Near East. The author, Henry Reginald Holland Hall (1873-1930) was an English Egyptologist and historian. His in-depth study of the ancient Near East examines the region’s civilizations and history, starting with the early Bronze Age civilizations such as that of the Minoans on Crete. He explores the history of ancient Egypt in detail and the civilizations of Mesopotamia and Iran, like Babylonia, Assyria, and Persia. In addition, Hall compares the archaeological evidence from Syria, Palestine, and Israel with the writings of the Old Testament to provide a fascinating account of the ancient Phoenicians, Philistines, Hebrews, and Aramaeans.

Public Domain (P)2020 Museum Audiobooks

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 40 hrs and 53 mins
Available on Audible
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Early Modern Europe

Summary

Explore the captivating history of early modern Europe. The beginning of modern Europe was a time of confusion, excitement, suspicion, hope, despair, and ideas. It was a time of a lot of change spread out over just a few hundred years, but the end result was a completely different world than the one that had come before it. This audiobook includes details of the transition from the Middle Ages to the early modern era, where Europe saw significant shifts across the continent in phases. The years following the Thirty Years' War until the 1800s are treated as a transition between the early and current modern eras. The unrest that started at the end of the Middle Ages exploded following the Thirty Years’ War, and it marked the change to many of the thought processes widely accepted as true today. In Early Modern Europe: A Captivating Guide to a Period in European History with Events Such as the Thirty Years War and the Salem Witch Hunts and Political Powers Such as England and the Ottoman Empire, you will discover topics such as: The world leading to the modern era The European power dynamic The age of discovery Sanctioned piracy - ruling the high seas Religious corruption and upheaval The Inquisition The Protestant Reformation The Thirty Years’ War Witch hunts - including the infamous Salem Witch Trials The Italian Renaissance Johannes Gutenberg - one invention to change the world The slow transition to today And much, much more! So, if you want to learn more about early modern Europe, listen to this audiobook!

©2019 Captivating History (P)2019 Captivating History

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 3 hrs and 1 min
Available on Audible
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The Morning They Came for Us

4 ratings

Summary

Once in a decade comes an account of war that promises to be a classic. Doing for Syria what Imperial Life in the Emerald City did for the war in Iraq, The Morning They Came for Us bears witness to one of the most brutal, internecine conflicts in recent history. Drawing from years of experience covering Syria for Vanity Fair, Newsweek, and the front pages of the New York Times, award-winning journalist Janine di Giovanni gives us a tour de force of war reportage, all told through the perspective of ordinary people - among them a doctor, a nun, a musician, and a student. What emerges is an extraordinary picture of the devastating human consequences of armed conflict, one that charts an apocalyptic but at times tender story of life in a jihadist war zone. Recalling celebrated works by Ryszard Kapus´cin´ski, Philip Gourevitch, and Anne Applebaum, The Morning They Came for Us, through its unflinching account of a nation on the brink of disintegration, becomes an unforgettable testament to resilience in the face of nihilistic human debasement.

©2016 Janine di Giovanni (P)2016 Tantor

Narrator: Teri Schnaubelt
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 5 hrs and 21 mins
Available on Audible
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Afghanistan

Summary

For more than 2,500 years, the forbidding territory of Afghanistan has served as a vital crossroads not only for armies but also for clashes between civilizations. As a result of the United States' engaging in armed conflict with the Afghan regime, an understanding of the military history of that blood-soaked land has become essential to every American. Afghanistan's military history provides lessons for us today. The earliest written records inform us of fierce mountain tribes on the eastern edge of the cradle of civilization. Alexander the Great conquered Afghanistan on his way from Persia to India. Later, because of its strategic location (the Silk Road passed through its mountainous northern region) Afghanistan was invaded in succession by Arabs, Mongols, and Tartars. In the nineteenth century, Great Britain tried, and failed, to add Afghanistan to its Indian empire, while Russia tried to expand into the same embattled land. Afghanistan once again fought, and defeated, a secular government in the face of rising Islamic resistance. America has faced a new enemy on this land, a land that for centuries has become a graveyard of empires past.

©2002 Stephen Tanner (P)2000 Blackstone Audiobooks

Narrator: Raymond Todd
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 14 hrs and 36 mins
Available on Audible
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Sumerians

6 ratings

Summary

Explore the captivating history of the Sumerians. The sheer importance of Sumerian culture in regards to world culture as a whole is impossible to overstate. This civilization is single-handedly responsible for some of the most major innovations in nearly every field relevant to maintaining a civilized society - this includes religion, lawmaking, architecture, schooling, art, literature, and even entertainment.   Naturally, most of what we see as negative aspects of society were established in ancient Sumer as well. There wasn’t an aspect of Sumerian life that wasn’t plagued with corruption or devastation of one form or another. In other words, the Sumerians gave us both the sublimity of faith and the rigidness of religious thought coupled with a desire for political supremacy. They gave us both the benevolent, caring monarchs and cruel, punishing tyrants; the educated child and the spoiled brat; the hard-working agrarian and the drunken reveler; and the epic empires as well as the pathetic remnants of them. The Sumerians did it all, and they did it first.   Some of the topics and questions covered in this audiobook include:  The ancient Sumerians in a nutshell The social structure of ancient Sumerians The religion and mythology of ancient Sumerians The Sumerian kingdoms chronology The everyday life of ancient Sumerians Sumerian innovations Sumerian culture Sumerian “foreign policy”: relations with other nations And a great deal more you don't want to miss out on! Get the audiobook now to learn more about the Sumerians!

©2018 Captivating History (P)2018 Captivating History

Narrator: Duke Holm
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 2 hrs and 53 mins
Available on Audible
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Egyptian Mythology

Summary

History Academy’s brand-new audiobook about Egyptian mythology will tell you all about ancient Egyptian divinities, pharaohs, and legendary creatures. The audiobook includes detailed descriptions about ancient Egypt’s historical and cultural background and maps to help you find where the events took place. Ancient Egypt’s myths still influence our modern collective culture with its stories about powerful gods and pharaohs, curses, mummies and Pyramids. History Academy offers you a complete volume meant to reveal the mysteries of Ancient Egypt. The audiobook begins with Egyptian myths from the predynastic period and it ends with tales from the period after the pharaonic domain. The Egyptian society was born along the Nile and the natural phenomena connected to the river were thought to be divinities like Anubis, terrifying god of the underworld or Hathor goddess of women and fertility. The gods of ancient Egypt were more than 1500 but they all represented natural forces, social phenomena and abstract concepts. This guide will introduce you to the origins of ancient Egypt’s gods and demons whose worship filled the lives of everyone at the time, both pharaohs and common people. This volume is the most complete collection of ancient Egypt’s myths you could ever wish for. Enjoy, dear listeners.

©2020 History Academy (P)2020 History Academy

Narrator: Leonard Grey
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 5 hrs and 11 mins
Available on Audible
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The Ottoman-Russian Wars of the 19th Century

Summary

In terms of geopolitics, perhaps the most seminal event of the Middle Ages was the successful Ottoman siege of Constantinople in 1453. The city had been an imperial capital as far back as the fourth century, when Constantine the Great shifted the power center of the Roman Empire there, effectively establishing two almost equally powerful halves of antiquity’s greatest empire.  Constantinople would continue to serve as the capital of the Byzantine Empire even after the western half of the Roman Empire collapsed in the late fifth century. Naturally, the Ottoman Empire would also use Constantinople as the capital of its empire after their conquest effectively ended the Byzantine Empire, and thanks to its strategic location, it has been a trading center for years and remains one today under the Turkish name of Istanbul. In the wake of taking Constantinople, the Ottoman Empire would spend the next few centuries expanding its size, power, and influence, bumping up against Eastern Europe and becoming one of the world’s most important geopolitical players. It was a rise that would not truly start to wane until the 19th century, and in the centuries before the decline of the “sick man of Europe,” the Ottomans frequently tried to push further into Europe.  Some of those forays were memorably countered by Western Europeans and the Holy League, but the Ottomans’ most frequent foe was the Russian Empire, which opposed them for both geopolitical and religious reasons. From negotiations to battles, the two sides jockeyed for position over the course of hundreds of years, and the start of the fighting may have represented the Ottomans’ best chance to conquer Moscow and change the course of history. By the 19th century, the tsar was notoriously referring to the Ottoman Empire as the “sick man of Europe”, and by the start of World War I, the Ottoman Empire was often described as a dwindling power, mired by administrative corruption, using inferior technology, and plagued by poor leadership.  The general idea is that the Ottoman Empire was “lagging behind”, likely coming from the clear stagnation of the empire between 1683 and 1826. Yet, it can be argued that this portrayal is often misleading and fails to give a fuller picture of the state of the Ottoman Empire. The fact that the other existing multicultural empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, also did not survive World War I should put into question this “accepted narrative”.  Looking at the reforms, technological advances, and modernization efforts made by the Ottoman elite between 1826 and the beginning of World War I, one could really wonder why such a thirst for change failed to save the Ottomans when similar measures taken by other nations, such as Japan during the Meiji era, did in fact result in the rise of a global power in the 20th century.  During the period that preceded its collapse, the Ottoman Empire was at the heart of a growing rivalry between two of the competing global powers of the time, England and France. The two powers asserted their influence over a declining empire, the history of which is anchored in Europe as much as in Asia. However, while the two powers were instrumental in the final defeat and collapse of the Ottoman Empire, their stance toward what came to be known as the “Eastern Question” - the fate of the Ottoman Empire - is not one of clear enmity. Both England and France found, at times, reasons to extend the life of the Sick Man of Europe until it finally sided with their shared enemies.

©2020 Charles River Editors (P)2021 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Daniel Houle
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 2 hrs and 29 mins
Available on Audible
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Shadow Strike

5 ratings

Summary

The never-before-told inside story of how Israel stopped Syria from becoming a global nuclear nightmare - and its far-reaching implications 

On September 6, 2007, shortly after midnight, Israeli fighters advanced on Deir ez-Zour in Syria. Israel often flew into Syria as a warning to President Bashar al-Assad. But this time, there was no warning and no explanation. This was a covert operation, with one goal: to destroy a nuclear reactor being built by North Korea under a tight veil of secrecy in the Syrian desert. 

Shadow Strike tells, for the first time, the story of the espionage, political courage, military might and psychological warfare behind Israel’s daring operation to stop one of the greatest known acts of nuclear proliferation. It also brings Israel’s powerful military and diplomatic alliance with the United States to life, revealing the debates President Bush had with Vice President Cheney and Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert as well as the diplomatic and military planning that took place in the Oval Office, the Prime Minister’s Office in Jerusalem, and inside the IDF’s underground war room beneath Tel Aviv. 

These two countries remain united in a battle to prevent nuclear proliferation, to defeat Islamic terror, and to curtail Iran’s attempts to spread its hegemony throughout the Middle East. Yaakov Katz's Shadow Strike explores how this operation continues to impact the world we live in today and if what happened in 2007 is a sign of what Israel will need to do one day to stop Iran's nuclear program. It also asks: had Israel not carried out this mission, what would the Middle East look like today?

©2019 by Yaakov Katz. (P)2019 Brilliance Publishing, Inc., all rights reserved.

Author: Yaakov Katz
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 8 hrs and 2 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Antiguo Egipto [Ancient Egypt]

Antiguo Egipto [Ancient Egypt]

Summary

Explore la fascinante historia del antiguo Egipto El antiguo Egipto es una de las civilizaciones más fascinantes y sofisticadas de la historia conocida. Los antiguos egipcios son recordados por sus dioses, pirámides, faraones, momificación, jeroglíficos, agricultura y mucho más. Este libro revela los secretos del fascinante mundo del antiguo Egipto, las intrigantes historias de sus celebridades, como Akenatón, Ramsés el Grande, la Reina Cleopatra y el niño Rey Tut. Aprenderá sobre los poderosos dioses y el vínculo mágico entre el Sol y la gente de Egipto, y explorará los horrendos rituales funerarios que garantizaban un camino seguro hacia la otra vida. Descubra los secretos de una de las sociedades más magníficas que hayan existido y descubra por qué todavía logra captar la atención del mundo. Algunos de los temas tratados en este libro incluyen:   ¿Quiénes eran los antiguos egipcios? Sus orígenes, historia y geografía ¿Quién tenía el poder?: La estructura social del antiguo Egipto Reyes y su poder militar Los magníficos faraones del nuevo reino y su imperio La decadencia y fin de la civilización egipcia Un romance, política y tragedia: la historia de Cleopatra VII La religión, la mitología y los rituales de los antiguos egipcios Creencias y rituales funerarios: momificación y vida futura La arquitectura del antiguo Egipto: templos y pirámides ¡Y mucho más! Obtenga el libro ahora para aprender más sobre el antiguo Egipto Please note: This audiobook is in Spanish.

©2018 Captivating History (P)2019 Captivating History

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 2 hrs and 15 mins
Available on Audible
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Lost to the West

25 ratings

Summary

In AD 476 the Roman Empire fell - or rather, its western half did. Its eastern half, which would come to be known as the Byzantine Empire, would endure and often flourish for another 11 centuries. Though its capital would move to Constantinople, its citizens referred to themselves as Roman for the entire duration of the empire's existence. Indeed, so did its neighbors, allies, and enemies: When the Turkish Sultan Mehmet II conquered Constantinople in 1453, he took the title Caesar of Rome, placing himself in a direct line that led back to Augustus. For far too many otherwise historically savvy people today, the story of the Byzantine civilization is something of a void. Yet for more than a millennium, Byzantium reigned as the glittering seat of Christian civilization. When Europe fell into the Dark Ages, Byzantium held fast against Muslim expansion, keeping Christianity alive. When literacy all but vanished in the West, Byzantium made primary education available to both sexes. Students debated the merits of Plato and Aristotle and commonly committed the entirety of Homer's Iliad to memory. Streams of wealth flowed into Constantinople, making possible unprecedented wonders of art and architecture, from fabulous jeweled mosaics and other iconography to the great church known as the Hagia Sophia that was a vision of heaven on earth. The dome of the Great Palace stood nearly two hundred feet high and stretched over four acres, and the city's population was more than twenty times that of London's. From Constantine, who founded his eponymous city in the year 330, to Constantine XI, who valiantly fought the empire's final battle more than a thousand years later, the emperors who ruled Byzantium enacted a saga of political intrigue and conquest as astonishing as anything in recorded history. Lost to the West is replete with stories of assassination, mass mutilation and execution, sexual scheming, ruthless grasping for power, and clashing armies that soaked ...

©2009 Lars Brownworth (P)2009 Random House

Narrator: Lars Brownworth
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 10 hrs and 3 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Asabiyyah

Asabiyyah

Summary

A quarter of a century after the end of Communism swept away the ideological conflict of the "short 20th century", a new world is once again taking shape, this time in the Middle East. But what does the crisis in the region, and its refugee exodus into Europe, signify for the future of the world? And why has the noble dream of nation-building failed? Focusing mainly on religion, ideology or economics, most analysis ignored one crucial factor: asabiyyah, or group feeling, something outlined six and a half centuries ago by a largely ignored Arab historian called Ibn Khaldun. Ibn Khaldun is largely overlooked in the west, yet, on top of his claim to being one of the greatest historians of all time, can rightfully be viewed as the father of social science and sociology. His book, The Muqaddimah, dealt with a range of subjects from science to economics to the rise and fall of empires, which he attributed to "the asabiyyah cycle" - the evolution of societies from barbarism to civilization to decadence, which he attributed to the strength of "group feeling". Even today asabiyyah is an essential component of human society and development, and is the key to understanding why some states fail and others succeed, why democracy works sometimes but often not, and why the nation-state will remain the foundation of human society. Whatever happens from now on, the outcome of the 21st century will be dependent on asabiyyah, which remains the fundamental reality of human existence.

©2015 Ed West (P)2016 Audible, Inc.

Narrator: P. J. Ochlan
Author: Ed West
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 25 mins
Available on Audible
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The Kingdom of Kush

2 ratings

Summary

"The desert lands of Egypt will remain desert, however many millions of pounds are expended in Nile reservoirs. All that man can do is to extend somewhat the narrow strip of green running along the banks of the Nile." (Sir Benjamin Baker, Royal Institution, June 6, 1902) During the several centuries that ancient Egypt stood as one of the greatest, if not the greatest, civilizations of the ancient world, conflicts with its neighbors often played a central role in hieroglyphic texts and art from temples and tombs. The three primary enemies of the Egyptians were the Libyans who occupied the Western Desert and its oases, the so-called Asiatics who lived in the Levant, and finally the Nubians to Egypt's south. Among the three peoples, the Nubians were the most "Egyptianized" and at times were integral to the development of Egyptian history. Truly, the Nubians were the greatest of all sub-Saharan peoples in pre-modern times and deserve to be studied in their own right, apart from ancient Egyptian history. Unfortunately, it is often difficult for scholars to separate aspects of ancient Nubian culture that were truly unique and "Nubian" from those elements that were Egyptian, as the Nubians borrowed heavily in terms of culture from their northern neighbor. One historian noted, "As expected, strong Nubian features and dark coloring are seen in their sculpture and relief work. This dynasty ranks as among the greatest, whose fame far outlived its actual tenure on the throne. Especially interesting, it was a member of this dynasty that decreed that no Nehsy (riverine Nubian of the principality of Kush), except such as came for trade or diplomatic reasons, should pass by the Egyptian fortress and cops at the southern end of the Second Nile Cataract. Why would this royal family of Nubian ancestry ban other Nubians from coming into Egyptian territory? Because the Egyptian rulers of Nubian ancestry had become Egyptians culturally; as pharaohs, they exhibited typical Egyptian attitudes and adopted typical Egyptian policies." Robert S. Bianchi went even further: "It is an extremely difficult task to attempt to describe the Nubians during the course of Egypt's New Kingdom, because their presence appears to have virtually evaporated from the archaeological record. The result has been described as a wholesale Nubian assimilation into Egyptian society." An in-depth examination of the ancient Nubians reveals that although the Nubians were closely related culturally in many ways to the Egyptians, they produced a culture that had many of its own unique attributes and was far more advanced than any other culture in sub-Saharan Africa. The Kingdom of Kush: The History and Legacy of the Ancient Nubian Empire examines the amazing history and legacy of one of the most interesting places in the world.

©2017 Charles River Editors (P)2017 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Scott Clem
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 28 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Armenian Genocide

The Armenian Genocide

Summary

If you want to discover the captivating history of the Armenian Genocide, then pay attention.... During 1915 to 1923, one and a half million Armenian people were deported and killed in the most appalling ways comprehensible. They were ripped from their homes (in a land where they had lived for longer than history can tell, a land so old that many speculate it was the site of the biblical Garden of Eden) and sent off on death marches across the blistering Syrian Desert. They were shot on the thresholds of the houses where they were raising their children. They were butchered with swords in gruesome ways in order to dishearten those left alive.  They were starved in concentration camps, they were burned and drowned and beaten to death by the thousands, and then their corpses were stripped naked and left to rot in the open air. They were overdosed with morphine. They were injected with infected blood. They were cast overboard into the frigid Black Sea. They were gassed. They were raped. They were abducted and sold as slaves. In short, the Ottoman Empire under the Three Pashas made every possible attempt to exterminate the Armenian race with such fervor that their actions would inspire the creation of the very word that now defines the greatest crime that can be perpetrated against a civilization: genocide. Yet today, the Armenian Genocide is an event that has melted out of the collective consciousness. It is an event that has repercussions extending to the modern day and is an event that should never be forgotten. So if you want to learn more about the Armenian Genocide, scroll up and click the "Buy" button!

©2019 Captivating History (P)2019 Captivating History

Narrator: Jason Zenobia
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 3 hrs and 23 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Muslim Brotherhood: The History of the Middle East's Most Influential Islamist Group

The Muslim Brotherhood: The History of the Middle East's Most Influential Islamist Group

Summary

In 2011, Egypt quickly became one of the most active countries during the Arab Spring, with Tahrir Square in Cairo becoming the focal point of both violent protests and peaceful political demonstrations. Inspired by the protesters in Tunisia, beginning in January 2011, Egyptians rallied to the square and in the streets by the thousands, marching, protesting, and calling for the fall of then-President Hosni Mubarak. Throughout the next several months until the overthrow of Mubarak in February 2011, millions of protesters from a wide range of socio-economic, ethnic, and religious backgrounds demanded a regime change across Egypt. As significant as it was for the Egyptian people, the Egyptian Arab Spring was a key turning point for the Muslim Brotherhood - Egypt's largest and long-oppressed opposition group. The Brotherhood played a key role in organizing demonstrations, pitting the Egyptian and world media against the Mubarak regime, and orchestrating violent riots and clashes between civilian protesters and the Egyptian security forces, further portraying the regime in a negative light. But it was after the revolution that the Brotherhood truly reaped its rewards; it formed a legal political party and ran in the subsequent parliamentary elections, winning a large number of seats that were previously unavailable to them. Then, in June 2012, the Brotherhood made history in Egypt when it successfully managed to install its candidate Mohamed Morsi as president. Perhaps no group was more surprised by the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood's swift and largely unopposed rise to power than the Brotherhood itself; for decades, the group had suffered a long history of severe oppression and internal crises, but in the political environment created by the Arab Spring, it only took less than two years for the Brotherhood to control the Egyptian government.

©2012 Charles River Editors (P)2015 Charles River Editors

Narrator:
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 37 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Babylon: A History from Beginning to End

Babylon: A History from Beginning to End

Summary

Of all the cities of ancient Mesopotamia, Babylon is virtually the only one still remembered today. The very word Babylon has entered the lexicon of popular understanding as a synonym for decadence and wealth. But what do we really know about the history of this once mighty city? Inside you will read about:  King Hammurabi and the Babylonian Empire The Persian Conquest Alexander the Great Enters Babylon Babylon Falls Babylon in the Bible And much more! Babylon first became important in the 18th century BCE under the rule of King Hammurabi. However, it barely survived his death before it was conquered, first by the Hittites and then by the Assyrians. In the seventh century BCE, the city was completely destroyed after it rebelled against Assyrian rule, and it wasn’t until the reign of King Nebuchadnezzar II that it once again became the heart of a large empire. After that, it was conquered by the Persians and finally, in the fourth century BCE, by Alexander the Great. Alexander planned to make Babylon the capital of his mighty empire, but he died in the city under mysterious circumstances before this was done. After his death, Babylon entered a period of decline from which it never recovered, until by the seventh century CE, it was no more than a source of bricks for local builders. How did this happen? How did this city rise to great power and then fall to become nothing but a memory? Why do we remember the name of Babylon when the names of all the other great cities of ancient Mesopotamia have been forgotten? This is the story of Babylon.

©2018 Hourly History (P)2019 Hourly History

Narrator:
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 11 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Rise of Germany, 1939-1941

The Rise of Germany, 1939-1941

6 ratings

Summary

For seven decades, our understanding of World War II has been shaped by a standard narrative built on conventional wisdom, propaganda, the dramatic but narrow experiences of soldiers on the ground, and an early generation of historians. For his new history, James Holland has spent over 12 years unearthing new research, recording original testimony, and visiting battlefields and archives that have never before been so accessible. In The Rise of Germany, the first of a major new three-part history of World War II in the West, he weaves together the experiences of dozens of individuals, from civilians and infantrymen to line officers, military strategists, diplomats, and heads of state, as well as war strategy, tactics, and the economic, political, and social aspects of the war to create a captivating audiobook that redefines and enhances our understanding of one of the most significant conflicts in history. Beginning with the lead-up to the outbreak of war in 1939 and ending in 1941 on the eve of Operation Barbarossa, the Nazi invasion of Russia, The Rise of Germany is a masterful history of the war on land, in the air, and at sea, destined to generate significant scholarly debate and listener interest.

©2015 James Holland. First published in Great Britain in 2015 by Bantam Press, an imprint of Transworld Publishers. Recorded by arrangement with Grove Atlantic, Inc. (P)2015 Audible, Inc.

Narrator: Paul Boehmer
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 27 hrs and 44 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Abu Dhabi Bar Mitzvah

The Abu Dhabi Bar Mitzvah

Summary

Armed only with college Arabic and restless curiosity, Adam Valen Levinson set out to "learn about the world 9/11 made us fear." From a base in globalized and sterilized Abu Dhabi, he sets out to lunch in Taliban territory in Afghanistan, travels under the watchful eye of Aleppo's secret police, risks shipwreck en route to Somalia, investigates Yazidi beliefs in a sacred cave, cliff-dives in Oman, celebrates New Year's Eve in Tahrir Square, and, at every turn, discovers a place that matches not at all with its reputation. While politicians and media eagerly stoke the flames of Islamophobia, Valen Levinson crosses borders with abundant humor and humanity. Seeking common ground everywhere, he finds that people who pray differently often laugh the same. And as a young man bar mitzvahed at 21 (instead of the usual 13), he slowly learns how childish it is to live by decisions and distinctions born of fear.

©2018 Adam Valen Levinson (P)2017 Tantor

Narrator: Vikas Adam
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 11 hrs and 48 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Iranian Rappers and Persian Porn

Iranian Rappers and Persian Porn

Summary

When Jamie Maslin decides to hitchhike the entire length of the Silk Road, he decides to travel first and plan later. Then, unexpectedly stranded in Iran - a country he's only read about in newspapers - he wonders whether he'll make it out alive.  After crossing the border on foot from Turkey, Maslin finds himself suddenly plunged into the subversive, contradictory world of Iranian subculture, where he is embraced by locals who are happy to show him the true Iran as they see it - where tourists are treated like royalty, where cab drivers shout abuse at Mullahs from their car windows, where unmarried men and women mingle in Western clothes at secret parties, and where cans of whisky (the possession of which is punishable by lashings) are readily available on the black market.  This is the charming and astonishing account of one Westerner's life-altering rambles across Iran that illustrates first-hand the attitudes and aspirations of a nation in flux.

©2009 Jamie Maslin (P)2012 Audible, Inc.

Narrator: Stephen Hoye
Author: Jamie Maslin
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 8 hrs and 58 mins
Available on Audible
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The Gulf War

Summary

If you want to discover the captivating history of the Gulf War, then pay attention... Today, it is known by many names, like the First Iraq War, Kuwait War, and, most commonly, the Gulf War or the First Gulf War. It was a rather short conflict, lasting just shy of seven months between late 1990 and early 1991. Yet, it was still rather impactful because it showcased several essential innovations and changes in political and technological aspects of warfare, some of which are still part of modern conflicts. The Gulf War became a famous landmark in contemporary history. It signaled the break with the old ways of the 20th century and illuminated the path to our world today. For that reason, the Gulf War is still remembered and seen as an essential event in our recent past. In The Gulf War: A Captivating Guide to the United States-Led Persian Gulf War Against Iraq for Their Invasion and Annexation of Kuwait, you will discover chapters such as: Iraqi-Kuwaiti Relations and the Prelude to the War Circumstances and Causes of the Gulf Conflict The Invasion of Kuwait and the Beginning of the War Military Forces of the Gulf War The War Among the Clouds The First Battles in the Desert Iraqi Defeat and the Aftermath of the War Casualties, Consequences, and the Legacy of the Gulf War And much, much more! So, if you want to learn more about the Gulf War, scroll up and click the "buy now" button!

©2020 Captivating History (P)2020 Captivating History

Narrator: Jaime Peters
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 3 hrs and 33 mins
Available on Audible
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Egyptian Mythology: An Introduction to the Gods

Summary

Egyptian gods have always held my fascination, from their usage in programs like Stargate to the similarities to other cultures' gods. There is just so much to find out about the temperamental, fickle, yet sometimes benevolent gods of Egypt. Inside this guide, I take a look at the gods that shaped one of the greatest nations on earth.

©2020 A M Publishing (P)2020 A M Publishing

Narrator: Beth Kesler
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 3 hrs and 54 mins
Available on Audible
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The Dead Sea and the Jordan River

Summary

For centuries travelers have been drawn to the stunning and mysterious Dead Sea and Jordan River, a region that is unlike any other on earth in its religious and historical significance. In this exceptionally engaging book, Barbara Kreiger chronicles the natural and human history of these storied bodies of water, drawing on accounts by travelers, pilgrims, and explorers from ancient times to the present. She conveys the blend of spiritual, touristic, and scientific motivations that have driven exploration and describes the modern exploitation of the lake and the surrounding area through mineral extraction and agriculture. Today, both lake and river are in crisis, and stewardship of these water resources is bound up with political conflicts in the region. The Dead Sea and the Jordan River combines history, literature, travelogue, and natural history in a way that makes it hard to put down.

©1988, 1997, 2016 Barbara Kreiger (P)2017 Redwood Audiobooks

Narrator: Becky White
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 10 hrs and 23 mins
Available on Audible
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My Promised Land

5 ratings

Summary

New York Times best seller Named One of the Best Books of the Year by The New York Times Book Review and The Economist Winner of the Natan Book Award, the National Jewish Book Award, and the Anisfield-Wolf Book Award  An authoritative and deeply personal narrative history of the State of Israel, by one of the most influential journalists writing about the Middle East today.  Not since Thomas L. Friedman's groundbreaking From Beirut to Jerusalem has a book captured the essence and the beating heart of the Middle East as keenly and dynamically as My Promised Land. Facing unprecedented internal and external pressures, Israel today is at a moment of existential crisis. Ari Shavit draws on interviews, historical documents, private diaries, and letters, as well as his own family's story, illuminating the pivotal moments of the Zionist century to tell a riveting narrative that is larger than the sum of its parts: both personal and national, both deeply human and of profound historical dimension.  We meet Shavit’s great-grandfather, a British Zionist who, in 1897, visited the Holy Land on a Thomas Cook tour and understood that it was the way of the future for his people; the idealist young farmer who bought land from his Arab neighbor in the 1920s to grow the Jaffa oranges that would create Palestine’s booming economy; the visionary youth group leader who, in the 1940s, transformed Masada from the neglected ruins of an extremist sect into a powerful symbol for Zionism; the Palestinian who as a young man in 1948 was driven with his family from his home during the expulsion from Lydda; the immigrant orphans of Europe’s Holocaust, who took on menial work and focused on raising their children to become the leaders of the new state; the pragmatic engineer who was instrumental in developing Israel’s nuclear program in the 1960s, in the only interview he ever gave; the zealous religious Zionists who started the settler movement in the 1970s; the dot-com entrepreneurs and young men and women behind Tel-Aviv’s booming club scene; and today’s architects of Israel’s foreign policy with Iran, whose nuclear threat looms ominously over the tiny country. As it examines the complexities and contradictions of the Israeli condition, My Promised Land asks difficult but important questions: Why did Israel come to be? How did it come to be? Can Israel survive? Culminating with an analysis of the issues and threats that Israel is currently facing, My Promised Land uses the defining events of the past to shed new light on the present. The result is a landmark portrait of a small, vibrant country living on the edge, whose identity and presence play a crucial role in today’s global political landscape. Praise for My Promised Land “This book will sweep you up in its narrative force and not let go of you until it is done. [Shavit’s] accomplishment is so unlikely, so total...that it makes you believe anything is possible, even, God help us, peace in the Middle East.” (Simon Schama, Financial Times) “[A] must-read book.” (Thomas L. Friedman, The New York Times) “Important and powerful...the least tendentious book about Israel I have ever read.” (Leon Wieseltier, The New York Times Book Review) “Spellbinding...Shavit’s prophetic voice carries lessons that all sides need to hear.” (The Economist) “One of the most nuanced and challenging books written on Israel in years.” (The Wall Street Journal)

©2013 Random House Audio (P)2013 Ari Shavit

Narrator: Paul Boehmer
Author: Ari Shavit
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 20 hrs and 45 mins
Available on Audible
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Venice

8 ratings

Summary

An extraordinary chronicle of Venice, its people, and its grandeur Thomas Madden’s majestic, sprawling history of Venice is the first full portrait of the city in English in almost thirty years. Using long-buried archival material and a wealth of newly translated documents, Madden weaves a spellbinding story of a place and its people, tracing an arc from the city’s humble origins as a lagoon refuge to its apex as a vast maritime empire and Renaissance epicenter to its rebirth as a modern tourist hub. Madden explores all aspects of Venice’s breathtaking achievements: the construction of its unparalleled navy, its role as an economic powerhouse and birthplace of capitalism, its popularization of opera, the stunning architecture of its watery environs, and more. He sets these in the context of the rise and fall of the Byzantine Empire, the endless waves of Crusades to the Holy Land, and the awesome power of Turkish sultans. And perhaps most critically, Madden corrects the stereotype of Shakespeare’s money-lending Shylock that has distorted the Venetian character, uncovering instead a much more complex and fascinating story, peopled by men and women whose ingenuity and deep faith profoundly altered the course of civilization.

©2012 Thomas F. Madden (P)2012 Recorded Books

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 16 hrs and 12 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Thirteenth Tribe: Original Edition

The Thirteenth Tribe: Original Edition

Summary

Uncensored! This book traces the history of the ancient Khazar Empire, a major but almost forgotten power in Eastern Europe, which in the Dark Ages became converted to Judaism. Khazaria was finally wiped out by the forces of Genghis Khan, but evidence indicates that the Khazars themselves migrated to Poland and formed the cradle of Western Jewry.  To the general listener the Khazars, who flourished from the 7th to 11th century, may seem infinitely remote today. Yet they have a close and unexpected bearing on our world, which emerges as Koestler recounts the fascinating history of the ancient Khazar Empire.  At about the time that Charlemagne was Emperor in the West. The Khazars’ sway extended from the Black Sea to the Caspian, from the Caucasus to the Volga, and they were instrumental in stopping the Muslim onslaught against Byzantium, the eastern jaw of the gigantic pincer movement that in the West swept across northern Africa and into Spain.  Thereafter the Khazars found themselves in a precarious position between the two major world powers: the Eastern Roman Empire in Byzantium and the triumphant followers of Mohammed.  As Koestler points out, the Khazars were the Third World of their day. They chose a surprising method of resisting both the Western pressure to become Christian and the Eastern to adopt Islam. Rejecting both, they converted to Judaism.  Mr. Koestler speculates about the ultimate faith of the Khazars and their impact on the racial composition and social heritage of modern Jewry. He produces detailed research to support a theory which could make the term "anti-Semitism" become void of meaning.

©1976 Arthur Koestler (P)2019 Dauphin Audio

Narrator: J.R. Moorland
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 8 hrs and 13 mins
Available on Audible
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Ancient History

Summary

Three captivating manuscripts in one audiobook:  Ancient Egypt: A Captivating Guide to Egyptian History, Ancient Pyramids, Temples, Egyptian Mythology, and Pharaohs Such as Tutankhamun and Cleopatra Ancient Greece: A Captivating Guide to Greek History Starting from the Greek Dark Ages to the End of Antiquity Ancient Rome: A Captivating Introduction to the Roman Republic, the Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire, and the Byzantine Empire Some of the topics covered in part one of this audiobook include:  Who held the power: the social structure of ancient Egypt The magnificent pharaohs of the new kingdom and their empire The decay and end of the Egyptian civilization A romance, politics, and tragedy: the story of Cleopatra VII The religion, mythology, and rituals of ancient Egyptians And much more! Some of the topics covered in part two of this audiobook include:  Dawn of the Dark Ages From darkness to democracy Olympic origins Greece grows from war to war The fight for democracy The Peloponnesian War Enter Alexander the Great Rise of Christianity End of antiquity And much more! Some of the topics covered in part three of this audiobook include:  The seven kings of seven hills: the foundation of Rome and its first rulers The early republic The Punic Wars and Mediterranean dominance: the middle republic Decay, corruption, and civil wars: the late republic The Nerva-Antonine dynasty Late empire The empire of Constantine Constantinian dynasty Decline and fall of the Western Roman Empire And much, much more! So if you want to learn about ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome without reading boring textbooks, listen to this audiobook now!

©2018 Captivating History (P)2018 Captivating History

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 6 hrs and 59 mins
Available on Audible
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Mesopotamian Myths

Summary

If you're looking for a captivating collection of Mesopotamian myths, then pay attention... This audiobook includes two captivating books: Mesopotamian Mythology: A Captivating Guide to Ancient Near Eastern Myths Sumerian Mythology: Captivating Myths of Gods, Goddesses, and Legendary Creatures of Ancient Sumer and Their Importance to the Sumerians In the first part of this audiobook, you'll find the following Mesopotamian myths and chapters covered: Creation Myths Tales of Gods and Goddesses Selections from the Epic of Gilgamesh And much, much more! In the second part of this audiobook, you'll find the following Sumerian myths and chapters covered: Tales of Gods and Goddesses Tales of Kings and Heroes Inanna and the Huluppu Tree Enkidu in the Underworld Gilgamesh and Huwawa Gilgamesh and Aga And much, much more! So, if you want a captivating collection of Mesopotamian myths, click the “buy now” button!

©2019 Matt Clayton (P)2019 Matt Clayton

Narrator: Mike Reaves
Author: Matt Clayton
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 6 hrs and 2 mins
Available on Audible
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Midnight at the Pera Palace

1 rating

Summary

At midnight, December 31, 1925, citizens of the newly proclaimed Turkish Republic celebrated the New Year. For the first time ever, they had agreed to use a nationally unified calendar and clock. Yet in Istanbul - an ancient crossroads and Turkey's largest city - people were looking toward an uncertain future. Never purely Turkish, Istanbul was home to generations of Greeks, Armenians, and Jews, as well as Muslims. It welcomed White Russian nobles ousted by the Russian Revolution, Bolshevik assassins on the trail of the exiled Leon Trotsky, German professors, British diplomats, and American entrepreneurs - a multicultural panoply of performers and poets, do-gooders and ne'er-do-wells. During the Second World War, thousands of Jews fleeing occupied Europe found passage through Istanbul, some with the help of the future Pope John XXIII. At the Pera Palace, Istanbul's most luxurious hotel, so many spies mingled in the lobby that the manager posted a sign asking them to relinquish their seats to paying guests. With beguiling prose and rich character portraits, Charles King brings to life a remarkable era when a storied city stumbled into the modern world and reshaped the meaning of cosmopolitanism.

©2014 Charles King (P)2014 Blackstone Audio, Inc.

Narrator: Grover Gardner
Author: Charles King
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 12 hrs and 12 mins
Available on Audible
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Zero Six Bravo

1 rating

Summary

The No. 1 Sunday Times bestselling modern classic: A Bravo Two Zero for the Second Gulf War. They were branded as cowards and accused of being the British Special Forces Squadron that ran away from the Iraqis. But nothing could be further from the truth. Ten years on, the story of these sixty men can finally be told. In March 2003 M Squadron - an SBS unit with SAS embeds - was sent 1,000 kilometres behind enemy lines on a true mission impossible, to take the surrender of the 100,000-strong Iraqi Army 5th Corps. From the very start their tasking earned the nickname 'Operation No Return'. Caught in a ferocious ambush by thousands of die-hard fanatics from Saddam Hussein's Fedayeen, plus the awesome firepower of the 5th Corps' heavy armour, and with eight of their vehicles bogged in Iraqi swamps, M Squadron launched a desperate bid to escape, inflicting massive damage on their enemies. Running low on fuel and ammunition, outnumbered, outmanoeuvred and outgunned, the elite operators destroyed sensitive kit and prepared for death or capture as the Iraqis closed their deadly trap. Zero Six Bravo recounts in vivid and compelling detail the most desperate battle fought by British and allied Special Forces trapped behind enemy lines since World War Two. It is a classic account of elite soldiering that ranks with Bravo Two Zero and the very greatest Special Forces missions of our time.

©2013 Damien Lewis (P)2014 WF Howes Ltd

Narrator: Michael Fenner
Author: Damien Lewis
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 9 hrs and 17 mins
Available on Audible
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Arabian Sands

1 rating

Summary

Arabian Sands is Wilfred Thesiger’s stunning account of five years spent crossing the Arabian Peninsula by foot and on camels, with nomadic Bedouin tribesmen as guides. Travelling between 1945 and 1950, the British explorer treks through Yemen, the Empty Quarter, Oman, and parts of the then Trucial States, crossing and re-crossing around 250,000 miles of this most inhospitable terrain. He was the first European ever to set eyes on the dunes and wadis of these deserts. Faced with constant challenges and trials beneath the punishing sun, his journey is also spiritual and enriching, as it requires the utmost courage, patience, generosity, and humor. In clear and evocative prose, Thesiger documents a journey of unimaginable hardship and startling beauty, as well as a time, place, and people on the cusp of change. PLEASE NOTE: When you purchase this title, the accompanying reference material will be available in your Library section along with the audio.  

©1959 Wilfred Thesiger (P)2018 Naxos AudioBooks

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 12 hrs and 59 mins
Available on Audible
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The Valley of the Kings

Summary

Africa gave rise to the first humans, and Egypt probably gave rise to the first great civilizations, which continue to fascinate modern societies across the globe nearly 5,000 years later. From the Library and Lighthouse of Alexandria to the Great Pyramid at Giza, the ancient Egyptians produced several wonders of the world, revolutionized architecture and construction, created some of the world's first systems of mathematics and medicine, and established language and art that spread across the known world. With world-famous leaders like King Tut and Cleopatra, it's no wonder that today's world has so many Egyptologists. Given the abundance of funerary artifacts that have been found within the sands of Egypt, it sometimes seems as though the ancient Egyptians were more concerned with the matters of the afterlife than they were with matters of the life they experienced from day to day. One of the most abundant sources of these funerary artifacts is the Valley of the Kings, a royal necropolis located on the west bank of the Nile at Thebes. Here, pharaohs of the New Kingdom Period were buried in elaborate, treasure-filled tombs that were cut deep into the cliffs that walled the Nile Valley. In many of the royal tombs in the Valley of the Kings, intricate reliefs were painted on the walls that depicted the sun god and the dead king on their nightly journey through the underworld, which was known in Egyptian as the Duat (Wilkinson 2003, 82). These scenes, which vary slightly from tomb to tomb, are known collectively by modern scholars as The Book of Gates because they depict the sun god’s journey through 12 gates or pylons, one for each hour of the night (Wilkinson 2003, 81). As the sun god and the dead king travel through the night, they have to contend with various demons and a giant snake known as Apophis (Lesko 1991, 119). The Egyptians believed this journey was cyclical, as they viewed time itself, so it took place daily (Lesko 1991, 119). Though these tombs have been extensively plundered, they still stand as gateways to the afterlife that provide a murky window into the past of a fascinating civilization. Most importantly, the relatively untouched tomb of the young King Tutankhamun offered clear insight. Many of the objects that were discovered in Tutankhamun’s tomb were clearly made specifically for him and his burial, such as the coffins, funerary masks, canopic equipment and statues. Other objects, such as the furniture, clothing, and chariots, were obviously items that had been used during Tutankhamun’s lifetime. The motifs found upon many of his possessions depicted him in triumph over his enemies. For example, a painted wooden chest bears a fine example of such a scene; the king is shown in his chariot, followed by his troops, attacking a group of Nubians. Scenes depicting aggression and triumph over Egypt's enemies by Egypt's king are classical examples of Egyptian kingship.

©2016 Charles River Editors (P)2016 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Colin Fluxman
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 13 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Ancient History: A Concise Overview of Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, and Ancient Rome: Including the Egyptian Mythology, the Byzantine Empire and the Roman Republic

Ancient History: A Concise Overview of Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, and Ancient Rome: Including the Egyptian Mythology, the Byzantine Empire and the Roman Republic

Summary

Explore the history and mythology of Egypt, Greece and Rome! Three books In 1 - Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome Ancient Egypt:  Through exploring the ancient Egyptian ruins and tombs, we have been able to learn much about their way of life, views of the afterlife, religious beliefs, dynasties, invasions from foreign kingdoms, battle tactics, family, and more. In this book you will find: How Egypt came to become the first empire The creation myth of Amun-Ra, Osiris, and Set A timeline of the entire reign of the Egyptian dynastic periods, from the Old Kingdom to Roman Egypt How the pyramids and temples were built And more... Ancient Greece:  Where did Greek culture come from? When did it begin to taste shape? Where there any precursors to the Ancient Greeks? Find the answers to all of these questions and: Start your amazing journey into the world of Ancient Greece with a look at the rise of Greece in the Archaic era Follow Ancient Greece on its path to great power and prosperity and we move into the hugely important Classical era Find out how the world changed in massive ways, and Ancient Greece shifted along with the changing times of the Hellenistic era And more... Ancient Rome: Few societies and historical periods capture our fascination as much as ancient Rome... In this book you are going to find out about: The founding and rise of the Roman Republic The era of an empire The Christianization of the empire and its impact The masterpiece of Rome How it becomes a melting pot of theism And more... Don’t wait another moment to enjoy from this information. Get your copy of Ancient History right away!

©2018 Eric Brown (P)2018 Eric Brown

Narrator: John B Linn
Author: Eric Brown
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 5 hrs and 3 mins
Available on Audible
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City of Lies

Summary

Ramita Navai gives voice to ordinary Iranians forced to live extraordinary lives: the porn star, the aging socialite, the assassin and enemy of the state who ends up working for the Republic, the dutiful housewife who files for divorce, and the old-time thug running a gambling den. In today's Tehran, intrigues abound and survival depends on an intricate network of falsehoods: mullahs visit prostitutes, local mosques train barely pubescent boys in crowd-control tactics, and cosmetic surgeons promise to restore girls' virginity. Navai paints an intimate portrait of those discreet recesses in a city where the difference between modesty and profanity, loyalty and betrayal, honor and disgrace is often no more than the believability of a lie.

©2014 Ramita Navai (P)2014 Tantor

Narrator: Sylvia Lisle
Author: Ramita Navai
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 9 hrs and 18 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Egyptian Mythology: A Concise Guide to the Ancient Gods and Beliefs of Egyptian Mythology

Egyptian Mythology: A Concise Guide to the Ancient Gods and Beliefs of Egyptian Mythology

Summary

In this brief introduction to the subject of Egyptian mythology, the author has given a lot of thought to the context of the subject. There is a useful historical timeline which allows the listener to follow the complexities of Egyptian history and locate the mythology within the development of the country. Inside you will learn about.... A timeline for ancient Egypt Historical Egypt The myth of creation The pantheon of gods Mythology in day-to-day ancient Egypt The central role of the temple and some temple rituals Sources of the history of Egyptian mythology The underworld and life after death Pyramids and their locations The audiobook includes the myths of creation in some detail and introduces the top deities in a pantheon of over two thousand god and goddesses. The presence and importance of the Nile is discussed, and details of daily life, including the rituals followed in the temples, essentially the backbone of the economy, are well covered.

©2016 Hourly History (P)2017 Hourly History

Narrator: Bridger Conklin
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 9 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Afghan Wars: History in an Hour

The Afghan Wars: History in an Hour

1 rating

Summary

Britain has invaded Afghanistan twice before in the nineteenth century. Both times tenacious Afghan fighters defended their country to humiliating British defeats. The Soviet Union also discovered what a tough enemy the Afghans are after nearly a decade of conflict from 1979 to 1989. When not fighting foreign invaders, Afghanistan was torn apart by Civil War from 1990 to 1996, resulting in victory for the Taliban. The Afghan Wars in an Hour is an excellent way to learn all about the complex wars that have been fought in Afghanistan for almost four decades. It explains who the Taliban and the Mujahedeen are, how their politics work, why Osama Bin Laden was so significant, and why it is so hard to achieve peace Afghanistan, all in just one hour. Love history? Know your stuff with History in an Hour…

©2012 Kat Smutz (P)2012 HarperCollins Publishers Limited

Narrator: Jonathan Keeble
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 26 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Black God and Goddess of the Bible

The Black God and Goddess of the Bible

Summary

The God of the Bible is based on a Black God and Goddess! The Black Goddess of the Bible is actually named! This knowledge led the author along a voyage of discovery involving the Hebrew and Canaanite role in the African fight for Western Asia. A must read for those interested in a Black Egypt and the African role in the Bible!

©2013 Gert Muller (P)2015 Gert Muller

Author: Gert Muller
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 14 mins
Available on Audible
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The Ancient Black Hebrews and Arabs

1 rating

Summary

The evidence from the Bible describes the ancient Hebrews as being Afro-haired and Black. Abraham, Jacob, David, and Solomon were Black. Pictures of the ancient Hebrews show this part of Biblical record to be accurate. Most people do not know that the original Arabs of ancient times were Black. This audiobook quotes ancient authorities and the ancient Arabs themselves to show that they were considered by themselves, and others, as Black. It also demonstrates how the Arabs became more intermixed with time. A must buy for those interested in ancient Asiatic Black people!

©2013 Gert Muller and Anu M'Bantu (P)2014 Gert Muller and Anu M'Bantu

Narrator: Marie Hoffman
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 36 mins
Available on Audible
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Ghost on the Throne

3 ratings

Summary

When Alexander the Great died at the age of 32, his empire stretched from the Adriatic Sea in the west all the way to modern-day India in the east. In an unusual compromise, his two heirs - a mentally damaged half brother, Philip III, and an infant son, Alexander IV, born after his death - were jointly granted the kingship. But six of Alexander's Macedonian generals, spurred by their own thirst for power and the legend that Alexander bequeathed his rule "to the strongest," fought to gain supremacy. Perhaps their most fascinating and conniving adversary was Alexander's former Greek secretary, Eumenes, now a general himself, who would be the determining factor in the precarious fortunes of the royal family.  James Romm, professor of classics at Bard College, brings to life the cutthroat competition and the struggle for control of the Greek world's greatest empire.

©2011 James Romm (P)2020 Tantor

Narrator: Michael Page
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 10 hrs and 56 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Moors in Spain

The Moors in Spain

Summary

First published in 1866, The Moors in Spain is a classic in Middle Eastern history and has been an important work in this category for over a century. For a number of years, there were few works of history that covered non-Christian civilizations, especially those written in English. Thanks to Stanley Lane-Poole’s dedication to the study of Egypt and Middle Eastern histories, there are several classic examples of those that can be studied. One of the most profound setbacks to modern civilization was the decline of the Moorish Empire. Africa and the Middle East is where civilization truly began. If this African civilization had succeeded, the world would be far more advanced than it is today. Poole’s history of the Moorish Empire is the story of their magnificence, as well as the empire’s tragic downfall. This book is a must for any serious student of African history and the classics. Stanley Lane-Poole spent his life chronicling the history of Egypt and the Middle East. He was also the author of several biographies that cover the lives of well-known historical figures.

Public Domain (P)2020 Goffin Media

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 6 hrs and 20 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Hathor: The History of the Ancient Egyptian Sky Goddess and Symbolic Mother of the Pharaohs

Hathor: The History of the Ancient Egyptian Sky Goddess and Symbolic Mother of the Pharaohs

Summary

Africa may have given rise to the first human beings, and Egypt probably gave rise to the first great civilizations, which continue to fascinate modern societies across the globe nearly 5,000 years later. From the Library and Lighthouse of Alexandria to the Great Pyramid at Giza, the ancient Egyptians produced several wonders of the world, revolutionized architecture and construction, created some of the world’s first systems of mathematics and medicine, and established language and art that spread across the known world. With world-famous leaders like King Tut and Cleopatra, it’s no wonder that today’s world has so many Egyptologists.  Today, the goddess Hathor is one of the least known deities in the ancient Egyptian pantheon, and the ancient Egyptians would surely be surprised by this fact. Hathor enjoyed a principal position among the gods of ancient Egypt for much of Egyptian history. If anything, she was ubiquitous, with several key cult centers at Dendera, Memphis, and Thebes, and she played various roles for Egyptian society. Like many Egyptian deities, Hathor took the form of animals at times. She could "become" a vulture, a cow, or a human, but she was most often depicted as the latter. She is identified in her human form by her long black hair, tied back with a filet beneath a pair of cow horns with the sun disk in between them. The presence of the disk between the horns is a clear indication of her association with the sun deity. That she wore a uraeus - the upright snake seen on the forehead of royal gods and humans - is a sign of her association with royalty, too. Whenever an ancient Egyptian deity was associated with royalty, they invariably had a connection with one of the first divine kings: Ra, Osiris, or Horus. Hathor, however, had connections with all three. In the case of her cult center at Dendera, she was not just the wet nurse or mother of Horus - as was the case later with Isis - but she was also his consort. In this way, she became the consort of all kings and as such, garnered the characteristics of an "ideal" partner or queen. This consort of kings was also adept at magic, particularly healing magic, which would become a more predominant characteristic of Hathor in the myths in which she appeared with Horus. Aside from this more mundane role, she was also the "great cow of the heavens that gave birth to the sun" at Dendera. Hathor: The History of the Ancient Egyptian Sky Goddess and Symbolic Mother of the Pharaohs examines the history of the deity, her characteristics, and her lasting legacy on Egypt. You will learn about Hathor like never before.

©2019 Charles River Editors (P)2019 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Dan Gallagher
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 2 hrs and 18 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Istanbul

Istanbul

Summary

The first single-volume history of Istanbul in decades: a biography of the city at the center of civilizations past and present. For more than two millennia, Istanbul has stood at the crossroads of the world, perched at the very tip of Europe, gazing across the shores of Asia. The history of this city - known as Byzantium, then Constantinople, now Istanbul - is at once glorious, outsized, and astounding. Founded by the Greeks, its location blessed it as a center for trade but also made it a target of every empire in history, from Alexander the Great and his Macedonian Empire, to the Romans and later the Ottomans. At its most spectacular, Emperor Constantine I re-founded the city as New Rome, the capital of the eastern Roman Empire, and dramatically expanded the city, filling it with artistic treasures, and adorning the streets with opulent palaces. Around it all, Constantine built new walls, truly impregnable, that preserved power, wealth, and withstood any aggressor - walls that still stand for tourists to visit. From its ancient past to the present, we meet the city through its ordinary citizens - the Jews, Muslims, Italians, Greeks, and Russians who used the famous baths and walked the bazaars - and the rulers who built it up and then destroyed it, including Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the man who christened the city "Istanbul" in 1930. Thomas Madden's entertaining narrative brings to life the city we see today, including the rich splendor of the churches and monasteries that spread throughout the city. Istanbul draws on a lifetime of study and the latest scholarship, transporting listeners to a city of unparalleled importance and majesty that holds the key to understanding modern civilization. In the words of Napoleon Bonaparte, "If the Earth were a single state, Istanbul would be its capital."

©2016 Thomas F. Madden (P)2016 Recorded Books

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 14 hrs and 26 mins
Available on Audible
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Egyptian Mythology

Summary

From what we know of history, Egypt, along with Sumer, were the foundations of civilization. The Fertile Crescent, which stretched from the Nile Valley to the twin rivers in Mesopotamia, gave us our earliest glimpse of organized man. But organized how? For one, both locations gave us writing - hieroglyphics in Egypt and cuneiform in Sumer. There is still some debate about who was first. In this audiobook, we will start by looking at the gods and goddesses of Kemet - Ancient Egypt. Then, we will turn our attention to the monsters which likely gave them nightmares and humbled them in their quest to bring order to the world around them. Finally, we will look at the mortals which shaped their civilization and made Egypt the bedrock of our own history. Though Egypt today is only a third-world nation, struggling with terrorism and poverty, their heritage remains vital to the understanding of who we are as a species.

©2017 Matt Clayton (P)2017 Matt Clayton

Narrator: J. D. Kelly
Author: Matt Clayton
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 23 mins
Available on Audible
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Inside the Kingdom

2 ratings

Summary

Best-selling author Robert Lacey tells us what happened in the Middle East's oil-rich powerhouse---while we weren't looking.

©2009 Robert Lacey (P)2009 Tantor

Narrator: Robert Lacey
Author: Robert Lacey
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 13 hrs and 32 mins
Available on Audible
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Eridu

1 rating

Summary

"After the kingship descended from heaven, the kingship was in Eridu." - Excerpt from the opening paragraph of the Sumerian King List Emerging from the desert flats of southern Iraq can be seen the remains of a large mound, approximately 1750 feet x 1750 feet in size, surrounded by several smaller mounds. Known today as Tell Abu Shahrain, or in the ancient world as Eridu, this site contains some of best examples of the Ubaid culture, and it was one of the first urban centers of civilization in southern Mesopotamia, if not the first itself. Many famous stories came from the mythical landscapes of Iraq's deep south. In the literature of ancient Sumer, Eridu was regarded as the primordial city, the first urban center, believed to have existed long before the great mythical flood that wiped out human culture in the Book of Genesis and other earlier traditions. It was to places like this that Western explorers first came in the 19th century, searching for the origins of the lands which the Bible described as the cradle of the human race. In doing so, they discovered that Eridu was also a real place. The astonishing site is located about eight miles southwest of the Sumerian city of Ur, and when it was first excavated in the mid-19th century, Western archaeologists were confused as to how a city as large as this could have existed in such a vast and waterless desert. But Eridu is positioned on the edge of the great alluvial plain of Sumer, a wild and beautiful marshland where the Tigris and the Euphrates meet. This was the Biblical "Garden of Eden", an ancient landscape that was renowned for its fertility in the past.

©2016 Charles River Editors (P)2017 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Scott Clem
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 3 mins
Available on Audible
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The Ottoman-Russian Wars of the 18th Century

Summary

In terms of geopolitics, perhaps the most seminal event of the Middle Ages was the successful Ottoman siege of Constantinople in 1453. The city had been an imperial capital as far back as the fourth century, when Constantine the Great shifted the power center of the Roman Empire there, effectively establishing two almost equally powerful halves of antiquity’s greatest empire. Constantinople would continue to serve as the capital of the Byzantine Empire even after the Western half of the Roman Empire collapsed in the late fifth century. Naturally, the Ottoman Empire would also use Constantinople as the capital of its empire after their conquest effectively ended the Byzantine Empire, and thanks to its strategic location, it has been a trading center for years and remains one today under the Turkish name of Istanbul.  In the wake of taking Constantinople, the Ottoman Empire would spend the next few centuries expanding its size, power, and influence, bumping up against Eastern Europe and becoming one of the world’s most important geopolitical players. It was a rise that would not truly start to wane until the 19th century, and in the centuries before the decline of the “sick man of Europe", the Ottomans frequently tried to push further into Europe.  Some of those forays were memorably countered by Western Europeans and the Holy League, but the Ottomans’ most frequent foe was the Russian Empire, which opposed them for both geopolitical and religious reasons. From negotiations to battles, the two sides jockeyed for position over the course of hundreds of years, and the start of the fighting may have represented the Ottomans’ best chance to conquer Moscow and change the course of history.  For anyone trying to understand the origins of modern Russia and the start of the Russo-Turkish Wars, the search should begin with Tsar Peter I (1672-1725), who titled himself Peter the Great during his lifetime. The moniker is fitting, considering the manner in which Peter brought Russia out of the Middle Ages and into the 18th century. Through a series of campaigns, Peter turned Russia into a formidable empire that would subsequently become a major force on the European continent, while also emulating Western Europe and turning Russia into an international state that interacted with the other continental powers. By revolutionizing and modernizing Russian arms, including the creation of Russia’s first naval force, Peter was able to pursue an aggressive and expansionist foreign policy that set the stage for the way the European map would be redrawn again and again over the coming centuries.  In the late 17th century, Peter the Great launched an attack on Azov, an Ottoman fortress near the mouth of the Dnieper as it flows into the Sea of Azov. Conquest of the stronghold would provide Muscovy with a port and the ability to attack Crimea from sea, but even after the Russians accomplished this, the ultimate prize - free access to the Black Sea - remained out of Russia’s reach on account of the strength of the Ottoman fleet in the Black Sea and the logistical challenges of conquering the Crimean Peninsula. Furthermore, soon after the conquest of Azov Peter engaged in a much costlier war in the north against Sweden for the conquest of ports on the Baltic Sea. The Ottoman Empire, which had just signed a humiliating treaty with Austria, Poland and Venice which gave up Hungary and other conquests, was pleased with the respite, but it came unto conflict with Russia again over Peter’s enemy King Charles XII of Sweden, who had taken refuge in Ottoman Moldavia after his defeat at the Battle of Poltava in July 1709.

©2020 Charles River Editors (P)2020 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Daniel Houle
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 2 hrs and 15 mins
Available on Audible
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The Marsh Arabs

Summary

For a period of seven years, Wilfred Thesiger canoed through the marshes at the confluence of Iraq's Tigris and Euphrates rivers, living among the native Madan tribes and their islands made of reeds. Now extinct, their ancient way of life is speculated to have existed for 5,000 years, going back to the days of ancient Sumer, and possessed a unique culture found nowhere else in the Middle East. Thesiger documents the tribes' conflicts, traditions, cuisine, relationships, justice systems, and art, and reveals how they built their unique water-borne society, with its beautiful canoes (taradas) and stately guest houses (mudhifs) - it is a remarkable familiarity gained through Thesiger's innate understanding of tribal ritual and etiquette, and the trust he earned through the use of a basic medical supply kit that he brought along with him. Poetic and immersing, The Marsh Arabs brings alive the sights, sounds, and smells of the marshes, and a culture that has now vanished forever. PLEASE NOTE: When you purchase this title, the accompanying PDF will be available in your Audible Library along with the audio. 

©1964 Wilfred Thesiger (P)2019 Naxos Audiobooks

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 8 hrs and 11 mins
Available on Audible
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Akkadian Empire - A History from Beginning to End

1 rating

Summary

The Akkadian Empire was one of the first empires in human history and certainly the first to involve the central government of a large, multi-ethnic populace. It also introduced things like the very first postal system and facilitated advances in science, art, and medicine. The heart of the empire, the city of Akkad, became the most important trading center in the ancient world and one of the largest cities in the world. Then, in a relatively short time, the empire disintegrated, and the city itself was abandoned.  Now, we don’t even know where the city of Akkad was located. How is this possible? How could an empire that controlled most of the civilized world suddenly fall apart? Successors of the Akkadians thought that they had the answer. Many texts from the Babylonians and others talk of the Curse of Akkad, a curse placed on the empire after its king offended the gods, which led to its destruction. For thousands of years, historians assumed that the story of the curse was nothing more than a quaint legend. However, modern research shows that the Akkadian Empire was most likely destroyed by a cataclysmic change as a result of sudden and unprecedented climate change. 

©2018 Hourly History (P)2019 Hourly History

Narrator:
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 4 mins
Available on Audible
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The Ancient Black Hebrews Vol II

Summary

The author takes you through what forensic anthropologists look for to determine racial ancestry in a skeleton. He then uses this information to show black traits in the ancient biblical period skeletons that have been dug up in Israel. He finishes the book with accounts of Christian-period Judeans who show these same features. Wonderfully and simply written. This settles the issue once and for all!

©2014 Gert Muller (P)2015 Gert Muller

Narrator: Dave Wright
Author: Gert Muller
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 56 mins
Available on Audible
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The Kingdom of Kush

Summary

If you want to discover the captivating history of the kingdom of Kush, then pay attention... The kingdom of Kush was completely forgotten once it met its end. The stories of its might didn’t survive in the cultures of its successor kingdoms, possibly because Christianization soon followed, which required the people of the Nubian region to turn toward the East and the myths of the Christian messiah. There was no more room for the divine rulers, Amun and Re, or a place for their sons, the kings of Kush. The kingdom continued to exist in the stories of some classical writers, but it was often considered as nothing more than a distant, probably even imaginary, kingdom, where the uncivilized savages lived. It was not until the early 20th century that the kingdom of Kush received its rightful place in history. When the first archaeological survey of Nubia took place between 1907 and 1911, the distinctive cultural aspects of the Kingdom of Kush emerged, and it was finally seen as a separate entity from Egypt.  In The Kingdom of Kush: A Captivating Guide to an Ancient African Kingdom in Nubia That Once Ruled Egypt, you will discover topics such as:   Nubia and the Emergence of the Kingdom of Kush From Alara to the Twenty-Fifth Dynasty The Rulers of the Twenty-Fifth Dynasty Relations Between Kush and Egypt Continue Kush Between the 6th and 3rd Centuries The Meroitic Dynasty The Last Centuries of the Kingdom of Kush The Society of Kush And much, much more! So, if you want to learn more about the kingdom of Kush, scroll up and click the "add to cart" button!

©2020 Captivating History (P)2020 Captivating History

Narrator: Jason Zenobia
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 3 hrs and 26 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Mythology: Captivating Greek, Egyptian, Norse, Celtic and Roman Myths of Gods, Goddesses, Heroes, and Monsters

Mythology: Captivating Greek, Egyptian, Norse, Celtic and Roman Myths of Gods, Goddesses, Heroes, and Monsters

3 ratings

Summary

If you want a huge collection of the best myths and discover captivating stories of gods, goddesses, monsters, and mortals, then keep reading... This audiobook collection includes five captivating books: Greek Mythology: A Captivating Introduction to Greek Myths of Greek Gods, Goddesses, Heroes, and Monsters Norse Mythology: A Captivating Guide to Norse Folklore Including Fairy Tales, Legends, Sagas, and Myths of the Norse Gods and Heroes Egyptian Mythology: Captivating Egyptian Myths of Egyptian Gods, Goddesses, and Legendary Creatures Celtic Mythology: Captivating Celtic Myths of Celtic Gods, Goddesses, Heroes, and Legendary Creatures Roman Mythology: Captivating Roman Myths of Roman Gods, Goddesses, Heroes, and Mythological Creatures In the first part of this audiobook, you'll find the following Greek myths and topics covered: In the beginning - the creation of the world and the Titan-Olympian war The rulers of Olympus Short tales And many more In the second part of this book, you'll find the following Norse myths and topics covered: The creation of the worlds Why Odin has one eye and Tyr has one hand Grace note - the story of Rolf Krake In the third part of this book, you'll find the following Egyptian myths and topics covered: Creation myths The birth of Osiris Two tales of Setne Khamwas In the fourth part of this book, you'll find the following Celtic myths and topics covered: The children of Lir How Cuchulainn got his name And more In the fifth part of this book, you'll find the following Roman myths and topics covered: The wanderings of Aeneas The story of the founding of Rome And many more So if you want to learn more about these five mythologies, listen to this audiobook collection now! PLEASE NOTE: When you purchase this title, the accompanying PDF will be available in your Audible Library along with the audio.

©2018 Matt Clayton (P)2018 Matt Clayton

Author: Matt Clayton
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 19 hrs and 16 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Nimrud: The History and Legacy of the Ancient Assyrian City

Nimrud: The History and Legacy of the Ancient Assyrian City

Summary

When scholars study the history of the ancient Near East, several wars that had extremely brutal consequences (at least by modern standards) often stand out. Forced removal of entire populations, sieges that decimated entire cities, and wanton destruction of property were all tactics used by the various peoples of the ancient Near East against each other, but the Assyrians were the first people to make war a science. When the Assyrians are mentioned, images of war and brutality are among the first that come to mind, despite the fact that their culture prospered for nearly 2,000 years.  Like a number of ancient individuals and empires in that region, the negative perception of ancient Assyrian culture was passed down through Biblical accounts, and regardless of the accuracy of the Bible’s depiction of certain events, the Assyrians clearly played the role of adversary for the Israelites. Indeed, Assyria (Biblical Shinar) and the Assyrian people played an important role in many books of the Old Testament and are first mentioned in the book of Genesis: “And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel and Erech, and Akkad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. Out of that land went forth Ashur and built Nineveh and the city Rehoboth and Kallah.” (Gen. 10:10-11). Although the Biblical accounts of the Assyrians are among the most interesting and are often corroborated with other historical sources, the Assyrians were much more than just the enemies of the Israelites and brutal thugs. A historical survey of ancient Assyrian culture reveals that although they were the supreme warriors of their time, they were also excellent merchants, diplomats, and highly literate people who recorded their history and religious rituals and ideology in great detail. The Assyrians, like their other neighbors in Mesopotamia, were literate and developed their own dialect of the Akkadian language that they used to write tens of thousands of documents in the cuneiform script (Kuhrt 2010, 1:84). Furthermore, the Assyrians prospered for so long that their culture is often broken down by historians into the “Old”, “Middle”, and “Neo” Assyrian periods, even though the Assyrians themselves viewed their history as a long succession of rulers from an archaic period until the collapse of the neo-Assyrian Empire in the 7th century BCE. In fact, the current divisions have been made by modern scholars based on linguistic changes, not on political dynasties (van de Mieroop 2007, 179).  The city of Nimrud was one of the Assyrians’ most important cities, and it has been known by many different names throughout its history. In ancient Assyrian, the city was called Kal?u, a name first attested to in texts dating back to the 13th century BCE. In the Bible, it is known as Calah, and the city is now called Nimrud from an association with the Biblical figure Nimrod. Nimrud is located in northern Iraq on the east bank of the Tigris River, about 20 miles south of modern Mosul and ancient Nineveh. An ancient Assyrian capital during the Neo-Assyrian period, the city has produced many glorious artifacts and provided countless insights into this ancient civilization, but the history of the city after the fall of the Assyrians has proven just as turbulent and interesting. Nimrud: The History and Legacy of the Ancient Assyrian City chronicles the origins of the city, how it became a power center in antiquity, and its controversial fate.

©2019 Charles River Editors (P)2019 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Colin Fluxman
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 48 mins
Available on Audible
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The Ottoman Endgame

1 rating

Summary

An astonishing retelling of 20th-century history from the Ottoman perspective, delivering profound new insights into World War I and the contemporary Middle East. Between 1911 and 1922, a series of wars would engulf the Ottoman Empire and its successor states, in which the central conflict, of course, was World War I - a story we think we know well. As Sean McMeekin shows us in this revelatory new history of what he calls the "wars of the Ottoman succession", we know far less than we think. The Ottoman Endgame brings to light the entire strategic narrative that led to an unstable new order in postwar Middle East - much of which is still felt today. The Ottoman Endgame: War, Revolution, and the Making of the Modern Middle East draws from McMeekin's years of groundbreaking research in newly opened Ottoman and Russian archives. With great storytelling flair, McMeekin makes new the epic stories we know from the Ottoman front, from Gallipoli to the exploits of Lawrence in Arabia, and introduces a vast range of new stories to Western listeners. His accounts of the lead-up to World War I and the Ottoman Empire's central role in the war itself offers an entirely new and deeper vision of the conflict. Harnessing not only Ottoman and Russian but also British, German, French, American, and Austro-Hungarian sources, the result is a truly pioneering work of scholarship that gives full justice to a multitiered war involving many belligerents. McMeekin also brilliantly reconceives our inherited Anglo-French understanding of the war's outcome and the collapse of the empire that followed. The book chronicles the emergence of modern Turkey and the carve up of the rest of the Ottoman Empire as it has never been told before, offering a new perspective on such issues as the ethno-religious bloodletting and forced population transfers that attended the breakup of empire, the Balfour Declaration, the toppling of the caliphate, and the partition of Iraq and Syria - bringing the contemporary consequences into clear focus. Every so often, a work of history completely reshapes our understanding of a subject of enormous historical and contemporary importance. The Ottoman Endgame is such a book, an instantly definitive and thrilling example of narrative history as high art.

©2015 Sean McMeekin (P)2015 Recorded Books

Narrator: Richard Poe
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 19 hrs and 4 mins
Available on Audible
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The Kingdom

3 ratings

Summary

The Kingdom is the story of a country - a country of astonishing contrasts, where routine computer printouts open with the words “In the name of God,” where men who grew up in goat-hair tents now dominate the money markets of the world, and where murderers and adulterers are publicly executed in the street. By its own reckoning, this country is just entering the 15th century. The Kingdom is also the story of a family - a family that has fought its way from poverty and obscurity into wealth and power the likes of which the world has never known, a family characterized by fierce loyalty among its members, ruthlessness toward its enemies, and dedication to one of the world’s most severe and demanding creeds. The Kingdom is Saudi Arabia - the only country in the world to bear the name of the family that rules it.

©1981 Robert Lacey (P)2000 Blackstone Audio, Inc.

Author: Robert Lacey
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 22 hrs and 46 mins
Available on Audible
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Echo in Ramadi

6 ratings

Summary

"In war, destruction is everywhere. It eats everything around you. Sometimes it eats at you." (Major Scott Huesing, Echo Company Commander) From the winter of 2006 through the spring of 2007, 250 marines from Echo Company, Second Battalion, Fourth Marine Regiment, fought daily in the dangerous, dense city streets of Ramadi, Iraq, during the Multi-National Forces Surge ordered by President George W. Bush. The marines' mission: to kill or capture anti-Iraqi forces. Their experience: like being in hell. Now Major Scott A. Huesing, the commander who led Echo Company through Ramadi, takes listeners back to the streets of Ramadi in a visceral, gripping portrayal of modern urban combat. Bound together by brotherhood, honor, and the horror they faced, Echo's marines battled day to day on the frontline of a totally different kind of war, without rules, built on chaos. In Echo in Ramadi, Huesing brings these resilient, resolute young men to life and shows how the savagery of urban combat left indelible scars on their bodies, psyches, and souls. Like war classics We Were Soldiers, The Yellow Birds, and Generation Kill, Echo in Ramadi is an unforgettable capsule of one company's experience of war that will leave listeners stunned.

©2018 Scott A. Huesing (P)2018 Audible, Inc.

Narrator: David Marantz
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 9 hrs and 44 mins
Available on Audible
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A History of Iran

11 ratings

Summary

Although frequently vilified, Iran is a nation of great intellectual variety and depth, and one of the oldest continuing civilizations in the world. Its political impact has been tremendous, not only on its neighbors in the Middle East but also throughout the world. From the time of the prophet Zoroaster, to the powerful ancient Persian Empires, to the revolution of 1979, the hostage crisis, and the current standoff over Iran’s nuclear ambitions, Michael Axworthy vividly depicts the nation’s rich history. He explains clearly and carefully both the complex succession of dynasties that ruled ancient Iran and the surprising ethnic diversity of the modern country, held together by a common culture. With Iran again the focus of the world’s attention, A History of Iran is an essential guide to understanding this volatile nation.

©2008 Michael Axworthy (P)2014 Audible, Inc.

Narrator: Peter Ganim
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 13 hrs and 19 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Sumerios [Sumerians]

Sumerios [Sumerians]

Summary

Explora la fascinante historia de los sumerios La gran importancia de la cultura sumeria en toda la cultura mundial es evidente y crucial. Esta civilización es la única responsable de algunas de las innovaciones más importantes en prácticamente todos los aspectos básicos para mantener una sociedad civilizada: incluyendo la religión, la legislación, la arquitectura, la educación, el arte, la literatura y hasta el entretenimiento. Naturalmente, la mayoría de lo que vemos actualmente como aspectos negativos de la sociedad también se estableció en la antigua Sumeria. No hubo un aspecto de la vida sumeria que no estuviera plagado de corrupción o devastación de una u otra forma. En otras palabras, los sumerios nos dieron la sublimidad de la fe y la rigidez del pensamiento religioso junto con el deseo de supremacía política. Nos dieron tanto a los monarcas benévolos y afectuosos como a los tiranos crueles y castigadores; el niño educado y el niño mimado; el agrario trabajador y el fiestero borracho; y los imperios épicos, así como también los restos patéticos de ellos. Los sumerios lo hicieron todo, y lo hicieron ellos primero. Algunos de los temas y preguntas que se encuentran en este libro incluyen:   Un resumen de los antiguos sumerios. La estructura social de los antiguos sumerios. La religión y la mitología de los antiguos sumerios. La cronología de los reinos sumerios. La vida cotidiana de los antiguos sumerios. Las innovaciones sumerias. La cultura sumeria. La política exterior de Sumeria: las relaciones con otras naciones. ¡Y una gran oferta que no querrá perderse! ¡Obtenga el libro ahora para aprender más acerca de los sumerios! Please note: This audiobook is in Spanish.

©2018 Captivating History (P)2018 Captivating History

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 3 hrs and 1 min
Available on Audible
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The Case for Israel

5 ratings

Summary

Widely respected as a civil libertarian, legal educator, and defense attorney extraordinaire, Alan M. Dershowitz has also been a passionate though not uncritical supporter of Israel. In this audiobook, he presents an ardent defense of Israel's rights, supported by indisputable evidence. Dershowitz takes a close look at what Israel's accusers and detractors are saying about this war-torn country. He accuses those who attack Israel of international bigotry and backs up his argument with hard facts.

©2003 Alan Dershowitz (P)2015 Tantor

Narrator:
Author:
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 11 hrs and 59 mins
Available on Audible
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The Wisdom of the Egyptians

Summary

The story of the Egyptians, the religion of the ancient Egyptians, the Ptah-Hotep and the Ke'gemini, the Book of the Dead, the wisdom of Hermes Trismegistus, Egyptian magic, the Book of Thoth.

©2019 Majestic (P)2019 Majestic

Narrator: N. MacCameron
Author: Brian Brown
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 8 hrs and 10 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Cleopatra

Cleopatra

Summary

Il mondo di oggi non sarebbe lo stesso senza Cleopatra, una sovrana colta, intelligente e dotata di una straordinaria abilità sia sul tavolo delle trattative che nelle guerre. Una donna di potere incredibilmente moderna per il passato e allo stesso tempo capace di provare grandi passioni amorose. Ma chi era veramente l'ultima regina d'Egitto? Lei, infatti, è nell'immaginario di tutti, però la sua figura storica è ancora in parte poco conosciuta e non priva di aspetti enigmatici a causa dei pochi dati certi che la riguardano. Alberto Angela ha deciso di ricostruire la vita e le abilissime mosse sullo scacchiere internazionale, ma anche gli amori e le passioni della regina che in un certo senso ha conquistato Roma, rintracciando le fonti storiche e consultando gli studi moderni, e accompagnandoci per mano tra le caotiche strade della capitale del mondo antico, sulle banchine dell'esotico porto di Alessandria d'Egitto e sui sanguinosi campi di battaglia, alla scoperta di persone, storie, usi e costumi. Alberto Angela è in grado di farci rivivere in prima persona il periodo che ha segnato un cambio epocale nella storia romana, dal racconto minuto per minuto dell'uccisione di Giulio Cesare che decreta la fine della Repubblica alla morte di Antonio e Cleopatra (la cui tomba non è ancora stata ritrovata!) fino alla nascita dell'Impero con Augusto al potere. "Cleopatra. La regina che sfidò Roma e conquistò l'eternità" è un viaggio nel tempo tra Occidente e Oriente, per riscoprire con uno sguardo nuovo una donna carismatica e intelligente e un periodo storico affascinante e convulso, ricco di contraddizioni, intrighi, passioni e guerre che hanno segnato il nostro presente e contribuito a rendere il mondo il luogo che oggi tutti noi conosciamo.

©2019 HarperCollins Italia S.p.A (P)2020 Audible Studios

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 15 hrs and 50 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The CIA War in Kurdistan

The CIA War in Kurdistan

1 rating

Summary

In 2002, Sam Faddis was named to head a CIA team that would enter Iraq to facilitate the deployment of follow-on conventional military forces numbering more than 40,000 American soldiers. This force, built around the 4th Infantry Division, would, in partnership with Kurdish forces and with the assistance of Turkey, engage Saddam's army in the North as part of a coming invasion. Faddis expected to be on the ground in Iraq within weeks, the entire campaign likely to be over by summer. The 4th Infantry Division never arrived, nor did any other conventional forces in substantial number. The Turks not only refused to provide support, they worked overtime to prevent the United States from achieving success. And an Arab army that was to assist US forces fell apart before it ever made it to the field. Alone, hopelessly outnumbered, short on supplies, and threatened by Iraqi assassination teams and Islamic extremists, Faddis' team, working with Kurdish Peshmerga, miraculously paved the way for a brilliant and largely bloodless victory in the North and the fall of Saddam's Iraq. That victory, handed over to Washington and the Department of Defense on a silver platter, was then squandered. The decisions that followed would lead to catastrophic consequences that continue to this day.

©2020 Sam Faddis (P)2020 Tantor

Narrator: Paul Boehmer
Author: Sam Faddis
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 8 hrs and 49 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Hunting the Caliphate

Hunting the Caliphate

Summary

In this vivid first-person narrative, a Special Operations Joint Terminal Attack Controller (JTAC) and his commanding general give fascinating and detailed accounts of America's fight against one of the most barbaric insurgencies the world has ever seen.   In the summer of 2014, three years after America's full troop withdrawal from the Iraq War, President Barack Obama authorized a small task force to push back into Baghdad. Their mission: protect the Iraqi capital and US embassy from a rapidly emerging terrorist threat.    A plague of brutality, that would come to be known as ISIS, had created a foothold in northwest Iraq and northeast Syria. It had declared itself a Caliphate - an independent nation-state administered by an extreme and cruel form of Islamic law - and was spreading like a newly evolved virus. Soon, a massive and devastating US military response had unfolded.   Hear the ground truth on the senior military and political interactions that shaped America's war against ISIS, a war unprecedented in both its methodology and its application of modern military technology.

©2019 Dana J. H. Pittard and Wes J. Bryant (P)2019 Tantor

Available on Audible
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Prisoner

6 ratings

Summary

The dramatic memoir of the journalist who was held hostage in a high-security prison in Tehran for 18 months and whose release - which almost didn’t happen - became a part of the Iran nuclear deal. In July 2014, Washington Post Tehran bureau chief Jason Rezaian was arrested by Iranian police, accused of spying for America. The charges were absurd. Rezaian’s reporting was a mix of human-interest stories and political analysis. He had even served as a guide for Anthony Bourdain’s Parts Unknown. Initially, Rezaian thought the whole thing was a terrible misunderstanding but soon realized it was much more dire as it became an 18-month prison stint with impossibly high diplomatic stakes.  While in prison, Rezaian had tireless advocates working on his behalf. His brother lobbied political heavyweights including John Kerry and Barack Obama and started a social media campaign - #FreeJason - while Jason’s wife navigated the red tape of the Iranian security apparatus, all while the courts used Rezaian as a bargaining chip in negotiations for the Iran nuclear deal. In Prisoner, Rezaian writes of his exhausting interrogations and farcical trial. He also reflects on his idyllic childhood in Northern California and his bond with his Iranian father, a rug merchant; how his teacher Christopher Hitchens inspired him to pursue journalism; and his life-changing decision to move to Tehran, where his career took off and he met his wife.  Authored with wit, humor, and grace, Prisoner brings to life a fascinating, maddening culture in all its complexity. “Jason paid a deep price in defense of  journalism and his story proves that not everyone who defends freedom carries a gun, some carry a pen.” (John F. Kerry, 68th secretary of state)

©2019 Jason Rezaian (P)2019 HarperCollins Publishers

Narrator: Jason Rezaian
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 9 hrs and 34 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Love and Ruin

Love and Ruin

Summary

Nothing about the romance between Nancy Hatch Dupree and Louis Dupree was what you'd call typical. For starters, there were the lovers themselves. Louis was a foul-mouthed paratrooper turned swashbuckling archaeologist. Nancy was a witty travel writer and the wife of a CIA station chief on the ragged frontier of the Cold War. Then there was the place and time: Kabul, Afghanistan in the 1960s, a heady and short-lived milieu of conniving spies, future mujahideen, and cocktail-swilling cosmopolitans. It was there that Nancy and Louis fell in love not only with each other, but also with Afghanistan itself. The country was as exceptional and difficult as they were - and when it descended into chaos, they had no choice but to follow it. In Love and Ruin, journalist James Verini travels to Afghanistan in search of the Duprees' story, an exhilarating and heartbreaking tale of lives lived to the fullest in one of the world's most fascinating and forbidding places.

©2014 James Verini, The Atavist (P)2014 James Verini, The Atavist

Narrator: James Verini
Author: James Verini
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 39 mins
Available on Audible
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My House in Damascus

1 rating

Summary

How did Syria’s revolution reach its current boiling point? And what’s next? This updated edition of My House in Damascus offers an insider’s view on these questions and the darker recesses of Syria’s history, politics, and society. Diana Darke, a fluent Arabic speaker who moved to Damascus in 2004 after decades of regular visits, details how the Assad regime, and its relationship to the people, differs from the regimes in Egypt, Tunisia, and Libya - and why it was thus always less likely to collapse quickly, even in the face of widespread unrest and violence. Through the author’s firsthand experiences of buying and restoring a house in the old city of Damascus, which she later offered as a sanctuary to friends, Darke presents a clear picture of the realities of life on the ground and what hope there is for Syria’s future.  Including additional material on topics like the advance of the Islamic State, as well as a new epilogue describing the current turmoil surrounding her house and the refugees she tried to help, this edition of My House in Damascus powerfully documents the human cost of the ongoing civil war.

©2014 Diana Darke (P)2019 Diana Darke

Narrator: Laura Rose
Author: Diana Darke
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 11 hrs and 18 mins
Available on Audible
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Ancient Egypt: History in an Hour

2 ratings

Summary

Love history? Know your stuff with History in an Hour. Learn about the Egyptian gods, mummification and how the Egyptians built the only wonder of the ancient world still standing - the Pyramids of Giza. Exploring the historic rise of Egyptian civilization and its continued influence on the world today, Ancient Egypt in an Hour is an excellent companion to a mysterious and enthralling period of history.

©2013 Anthony Holmes (P)2013 HarperCollins Publishers Limited

Narrator: Jonathan Keeble
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 22 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Nile: Travelling Downriver Through Egypt's Past and Present

The Nile: Travelling Downriver Through Egypt's Past and Present

Summary

The Nile, like all of Egypt, is both timeless and ever-changing. In this audio, renowned Egyptologist Toby Wilkinson takes us on a journey downriver that is both history and travelogue. We begin at the First Nile Cataract, close to the modern city of Aswan. From there, Wilkinson guides us through the illustrious nation birthed by this great river.

We see Thebes, with its Valley of the Kings, Valley of the Queens, and Luxor Temple. We visit the fertile Fayum, the Great Pyramid of Giza, and finally, the pulsing city of Cairo, where the Arab Spring erupted on the bridges over the water. Along the way, Wilkinson introduces us to the gods, pharaohs, and emperors who joined their fate to the Nile and gained immortality; and to the adventurers, archaeologists, and historians who have all fallen under its spell. Peerlessly erudite, vividly told, The Nile brings the course of this enduring river into stunning view.

©2014 Toby Wilkinson (P)2020 Blackstone Publishing

Narrator: Peter Ganim
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 12 hrs and 20 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Dynasties of Ancient Egypt

The Dynasties of Ancient Egypt

Summary

Africa may have given rise to the first human beings, and Egypt probably gave rise to the first great civilizations, which continue to fascinate modern societies across the globe nearly 5,000 years later. From the Library and Lighthouse of Alexandria to the Great Pyramid at Giza, the Ancient Egyptians produced several wonders of the world, revolutionized architecture and construction, created some of the world’s first systems of mathematics and medicine, and established language and art that spread across the known world. With world-famous leaders like King Tut and Cleopatra, it’s no wonder that today’s world has so many Egyptologists. What makes the accomplishments of the Ancient Egyptians all the more remarkable is that Egypt was historically a place of great political turbulence. Its position made it both valuable and vulnerable to tribes across the Mediterranean and the Middle East, and Ancient Egypt had no shortage of its own internecine warfare. Its most famous conquerors would come from Europe, with Alexander the Great laying the groundwork for the Hellenic Ptolemy line and the Romans extinguishing that line after defeating Cleopatra and driving her to suicide. Perhaps the most intriguing aspect of ancient Egyptian civilization was its inception from the ground up, as the ancient Egyptians had no prior civilization which they could use as a template. In fact, ancient Egypt itself became a template for the civilizations that followed. The Greeks and the Romans were so impressed with Egyptian culture that they often attributed many attributes of their own culture (usually erroneously) to the Egyptians. With that said, some minor elements of ancient Egyptian culture were, indeed, passed on to later civilizations. Egyptian statuary appears to have had an initial influence on the Greek version, and the ancient Egyptian language continued long after the pharaonic period in the form of the Coptic language. The Dynasties of Ancient Egypt: The History and Legacy of the Pharaohs from the Beginning of Egyptian Civilization to the Rise of Rome chronicles the tumultuous history of Ancient Egypt.

©2017 Charles River Editors (P)2017 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Scott Clem
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 5 hrs and 5 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Fatimids: 1. The Rise of a Muslim Empire

The Fatimids: 1. The Rise of a Muslim Empire

3 ratings

Summary

Emerging from a period of long seclusion, in the year 909, the leader of the burgeoning community of Ismaili Shi‘i Muslims was declared the first Fatimid Imam-caliph. Abd Allah al-Mahdi founded the only sustained Shi‘i dynasty (909-1171) to rule over substantial parts of the medieval Muslim world, rivaling both the Umayyads of Spain and the Abbasids. At its peak, the Fatimid Empire extended from the Atlantic shores of North Africa, across the southern Mediterranean, and down both sides of the Red Sea, covering also Mecca and Medina. This accessible history, the first of two volumes, tells the story of the birth and expansion of the Fatimid Empire in the 10th century. Drawing upon recently available eyewitness accounts, Shainool Jiwa introduces the first four generations of Fatimid Imam-caliphs - al-Mahdi, al-Qa'im, al-Mansur, and al-Mu‘izz - as well as the people who served them and those they struggled against. Listeners are taken on a journey through the Fatimid capitals of Qayrawan, Mahdiyya, and Mansuriyya and on to the founding of Cairo. In this lively and comprehensive introduction, we discover various milestones in Fatimid history and the political and cultural achievements that continue to resonate today. Dr. Shainool Jiwa is a senior faculty member at the Institute of Ismaili Studies, London. As a specialist on the Fatimids, she has written and lectured extensively on medieval Islamic history and has edited and translated key medieval Arabic texts relating to Fatimid history, including The Founder of Cairo (2013) and Towards a Shi'i Mediterranean Empire (2009). Dr. Jiwa is also the co-editor of The Shi‘i World: Pathways in Tradition and Modernity (2015).

©2017 Islamic Publications Ltd (P)2018 Islamic Publications Ltd

Narrator: Sarah Kate
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 3 hrs and 41 mins
Available on Audible
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Ancient Near East

Summary

If you want to discover the captivating history of the ancient Near East, then pay attention.... Where did the first signs of civilization appear in the ancient world? When did people start to transition from the nomadic life of hunters and gatherers to living in the first urbanized settlements? Who was the first emperor in history? Which empire was the strongest and mightiest, and for how long? Where did the title “King of the Universe” come from, and who was the “True King?” All these answers are hidden in the ancient history of the Fertile Crescent, and now, they are unveiled to you in our comprehensive and captivating guide to the ancient civilizations of the Near East.  In Ancient Near East: A Captivating Guide to Ancient Civilizations of the Middle East, Including Regions Such as Mesopotamia, Ancient Iran, Egypt, Anatolia, and the Levant, you will discover topics such as: Mesopotamia: The Birth of the First Civilization Egypt: The Unification of Upper and Lower Egypt and the Birth of the Pharaohs Ancient Iran: From Early Urban Settlements to the Rise of the Elamites Anatolia: The Bridge Between Asia and Europe and the Rise of the Hittite Old Kingdom The Levant: The Kingdom of Ebla and the Cultures of the Ancient Levant The Rise of the Assyrian Empire and Babylon from the Ashes of Akkad The Old and New Kingdom of Egypt: Dynastic Egypt and the Rise of Power in the Banks of Nile The Middle and New Kingdoms of the Hittite: The Dark Ages and the Glory of the Hittite Empire Beyond the Wars and Thrones: The Everyday Life of Common People in the Ancient Near East The Birth of Religions in the Ancient Near East: The Cradle of Civilization and the Gods And much, much more! So if you want to learn more about the ancient Near East, scroll up and click "Buy Now"!

©2020 Captivating History (P)2020 Captivating History

Narrator: Jason Zenobia
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 4 hrs and 16 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Mythology Collection: Greek Mythology and Egyptian Mythology

Mythology Collection: Greek Mythology and Egyptian Mythology

Summary

Before science, there were myths. Today we see them as fiction, but in the past myths were a way to explain all the natural phenomena that surrounded mankind. History Academy’s brand-new book will tell you all about ancient Greek and ancient Egypt mythologies. Greek mythology: Let yourselves be amazed by the wonderful stories about gods and goddesses like Zeus and Athena, heroes like Perseus and monsters like Medusa. Every myth present in the book is supported by additional material regarding ancient Greeks’ history and culture to help our readers understand the cultural background of the time. The book also includes a genealogical tree to clarify the relationships between the different characters. “Greek Mythology” is a modern collection of ancient Greek myths gathered by History Academy to let the new generations enjoy these ancient immortal tales. Every myth is full of adventures that will amaze both experienced readers and occasional ones. This book is perfect for anyone who’s passionate about mythology and art and wishes to know more about myths like Pandora’s box or Prometheus’ theft of fire. Egyptian mythology: History Academy’s brand-new book about Egyptian mythology will tell you all about ancient Egyptian divinities, pharaohs and legendary creatures. The book includes detailed descriptions about ancient Egypt’s historical and cultural background and maps to help you findwhere the events took place. Ancient Egypt’s myths still influence our modern collective culture with its stories about powerful gods and pharaohs, curses, mummies and Pyramids. History Academy offers you a complete volume meant to reveal the mysteries of Ancient Egypt.

©2020 History Academy (P)2020 History Academy

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 10 hrs and 54 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Blood, Metal and Dust

Blood, Metal and Dust

Summary

Bloomsbury presents Blood, Metal and Dust by Ben Barry, read by Christopher Ragland. From the high-ranking officer who wrote the still-classified British military analysis of the war in Iraq comes the authoritative history of two conflicts which have overshadowed the beginning of the 21st century. Inextricably linked to the ongoing ‘War on Terror’, the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan dominated more than a decade of international politics and their influence is felt to this day. Blood, Metal and Dust is the first military history to offer a comprehensive overview of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, providing in-depth accounts of the operations undertaken by both US and UK forces. Brigadier Ben Barry explores the wars which shaped the modern Middle East, providing a detailed narrative of operations as they unfolded. With unparalleled access to official military accounts and extensive contacts in both the UK and the US militaries, Brigadier Barry is uniquely placed to tell the story of these controversial conflicts and offers a rounded account of the international campaigns which irrevocably changed the global geopolitical landscape.

©2020 Ben Barry (P)2020 Bloomsbury Publishing Plc

Author: Ben Barry
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 21 hrs and 13 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Hammurabi

Hammurabi

Summary

Explore the captivating history of Hammurabi. The story of Hammurabi is the story of 43 years jam-packed with conquest, temple- and wall-building, irrigation efforts, and lawmaking, but it’s also a story of broken relations and rising and falling empires.  It’s a story of betrayal and shifting alliances, a story where even the gods take a backseat to the matters of common men. It’s a tale that’s both thousands of years old and, interestingly enough, just as contemporary as it was when Hammurabi still drew breath. And like all great tales of history, it’s a yarn that teaches the common man that no feat of greatness comes without a price and that human nature is just as complex as it was when Babylonians praised Marduk and hailed Hammurabi as a god in his own right.     In Hammurabi: A Captivating Guide to the Sixth King of the First Babylonian Dynasty, Including the Code of Hammurabi, you will discover topics such as: Babylon before Hammurabi: Position of the city in Mesopotamia, early rulers Rise of Hammurabi: Wars and achievements chronology of Hammurabi Reign of Hammurabi: Babylon during his reign, relations to other cities. Hammurabi’s Babylon Hammurabi’s character: physical appearance, relations with other rulers, glimpses of his personality The Code of Hammurabi and early Mesopotamian law Dissecting the code Hammurabi’s legacy And much, much more!

©2018 Captivating History (P)2019 Captivating History

Narrator: Desmond Manny
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 3 hrs and 6 mins
Available on Audible
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Parthian Empire

Summary

Explore the most enduring empire of the ancient Near East. Few nations were able to not only parry but also defeat the mighty Roman Empire, rivaling it in almost all segments. One of those was the Parthian empire, cultural and traditional successor of the more famous Achaemenid Persian empire that was brought down by the Alexander the Great.  Indeed, the Parthians are recognized as one of the toughest enemies the Romans ever fought, and rightfully so. Parthian soldiers put the Roman legions to the test, making them prove their worth. Yet by looking at the Parthian empire solely as the "great enemies of Rome", it is easy to overlook other important parts of Parthian history. Simply by changing our perspective, we are able to see that the Parthians were not only warriors but also artists, builders, and traders; they did much more than just challenge the might of the Roman steel. By listening to Parthian Empire: A Captivating Guide to the Enemy of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire, you will: Learn about the origins of the Parthian empire Discover the rise of the Parthian empire Gain startling knowledge about the Roman-Parthian Wars Be able to visualize the powerful military tactics that the Parthians used - tactics that gradually became the standard method of warfare in the Roman empire, as well Explore the remarkable art and culture of the Parthians Go on a discovery to get a sense of the life in the Parthian empire And much, much more! So if you want to learn about the Parthian Empire without having to go through boring textbooks, listen to this audiobook now!

©2018 Captivating History (P)2018 Captivating History

Narrator: David Patton
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 45 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Egyptian Romany

Egyptian Romany

Summary

This book reveals the Ancient Egyptian roots of the Romany (Gypsies) and how they brought about the civilization and orientalization of Hispania over the past 6,000 years. The book also shows the intimate relationship between Egypt and Hispania archaeologically, historically, culturally, ethnologically, linguistically, etc., as a result of the immigration of the Egyptian Romany (Gypsies) to Iberia.  This expanded version of the book consists of 14 chapters: Chapter One, The Romany (Gypsy) Essence of Hispania, sorts through the subject of the Gypsies and differentiates the Egyptian Romany from non-Egyptian nomadic groups. It highlights their Egyptian characteristics and their different related groups.  Chapter Two, Our Heavenly Mother, shows how Ancient Egypt and Iberia share the intense love for the Virgin Mother (known in Ancient Egypt as Isis and in Christianity as Mary/Maria).  Chapter Three, Out of Egypt, gives an overview of the major pitfalls in the common theories about the history of Iberia. It provides the accounts of early Egyptian immigration to other countries, and accounts of some of their early settlements in Asia and Europe.  Chapter Four, The Egyptian-Hispanic Alloys  Chapter Five, In the Beginning - Almeria, highlights the archaeological findings at the early settlements in several Iberian regions - beginning at Almeria, and correlates these activities in Iberia with Ancient Egypt - to show unique similarities and affinities between Ancient Egypt (in pre- and early dynastic times) and Iberia, in all aspects of religion, architecture, farming, metalworking, etc.  Chapter Six, Masters of the Seas, shows the supremacy of the Ancient Egypt ships, their sizes, types, and functions.  Chapter Seven, Merchants of the Seas, shows that Phoenicians were experienced seafarers and traders and nothing else. The Phoenicians did not have the number of people (or the talent) for the farming, art, industry, and building skills necessary to establish new settlements in Iberia or elsewhere.  Chapter Eight, Canopus and Cádiz: A Tale of Two Harbors Chapter Nine, The Assyrian Devastation and Aftershocks, correlates the rise of power of the Assyrians (and later the Persians), to the waves of mass migration from Ancient Egypt, which coincided with the increase in population and the number of settlements in Iberia.  Chapter Ten, Romanticizing the Romans, addresses the lack of merit of Romans’ influence in Iberia - in all aspects of Iberian life, such as culture, government, religion, language, society, buildings, etc.  Chapter 11, The Moors and the Egyptians, addresses the falsehoods of credits given to the Moors/Moslems/Arabs; and how all these aspects and activities were only found in Egypt. It also shows the huge number of Egyptian settlers.  Chapter 12, The Origin of the Hispanic Languages/Dialects, defines the role of the Ancient Egypt language as the mother of all Semitic languages, as well as all other languages/dialects in the Mediterranean Basin and beyond.  Chapter 13, The Animated Religious Traditions, shows how the people of both Egypt and the Iberian Peninsula share the same concept of animism, the power of saints, religious pilgrimages, festivals, etc.  Chapter 14, The Egyptian-Hispanic Musical Heritage, shows the intimacy between the Egyptians and Iberian heritage as it relates to music, poetry, song, and dance.

©2017, 2018 Moustafa Gadalla (P)2020 Moustafa Gadalla

Narrator: Susie Hennessy
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 10 hrs and 9 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Gamal Abdel Nasser: The Life and Legacy of Egypt's Second President

Gamal Abdel Nasser: The Life and Legacy of Egypt's Second President

1 rating

Summary

"Our path to Palestine will not be covered with a red carpet or with yellow sand. Our path to Palestine will be covered with blood.... In order that we may liberate Palestine, the Arab nation must unite, the Arab armies must unite, and a unified plan of action must be established." (Nasser) Gamal Abdel Nasser has been called many things. The father of modern-day Egypt. The founder of Arab nationalism. The leader of the Egyptian Revolution. The second president of the Egyptian Republic. The creator of his own brand of political and social governance - Nasserism. Anthony Eden, the former British prime minister, called him the "Mussolini of the Nile." Nasser was all of these things and much more. Indeed he led the revolution that overthrew the monarchy of Egypt and subsequently shaped and led the new Egyptian government. He became a prominent regional and world leader, playing a significant role in the Non-Alignment Movement that he cofounded, formed during the midst of the Cold War. He led his country toward modernization and industrialization, implementing social and economic reforms focused on strengthening the nation and improving the lives of the people. Yet Nasser's legacy goes beyond state governance and policies; his name, to this day, evokes great emotion among Egyptians and much of the Arab world. His funeral in 1970 drew millions of mourners and an outpouring of genuine grief across the Arab world. Nasser continues to remain an iconic figure in the region, symbolizing Arab dignity, pride, and unity. In addition to working to carve a path for a new Egypt, Nasser aimed to help the rest of the Arab nations of the Middle East by uniting the historically uncooperative Arab countries and encouraging them to act as a united front.

©2012 Charles River Editors (P)2015 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Robin McKay
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 38 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for East African Origin of the Ancient Egyptians

East African Origin of the Ancient Egyptians

Summary

The ancient Egyptians originated in East Africa. Evidence for this can be found in the ancient religious texts of the Egyptians, which describe the people and places in the afterlife. These places coincide with real people and places in East Africa. These real people of East Africa, the Nubians, were considered, in some contexts, demigods by the Egyptians. The ancient Egyptian afterlife paradise was called the Tuat. It was imagined to be a place of lakes and mountains like East Africa. The Egyptians knew these places because they originated in this region and called it Place of the First Time.

©2013 Gert Muller (P)2015 Gert Muller

Narrator: Sorrel Brigman
Author: Gert Muller
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 14 mins
Available on Audible
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Crusader Castles

Summary

A series of mountain chains frame the Levantine coast, growing in height as they approach modern-day Lebanon. These provided a natural defense along the important coast, and the few passes through these mountain ranges were the focal points of movement and communication. For this reason, these locations were where many crusader castles were erected. Bristling with fortifications, these impressive structures were occupied by orders of knights who came to the Holy Land with the Pope's blessing, and who have gained a most romantic status in history. These Crusaders were called al Faranj ("Franks") by the Arabs in the Holy Land, reflecting the French origins of many of the knights, even though the knights, soldiers, and pilgrims came to the Holy Land from all over Europe, and in particular from southern Italy, Germany, and England. For the men who built and manned these castles, they were much more than buildings surrounded by stone walls or wooden palisades. They were also more than a headquarters for knights and their armies during battle, or a storehouse for goods in the remoteness of the Levant. These castles were the central focal point for those who held them and those trying to conquer them, and it would not be an exaggeration to claim that castles were the nexus for much activity and conflict within the Holy Lands. At the same time, the castles were filled with the hustle and bustle of activity caused by a wide range of actors even in times of relative peace and stability. Men-at-arms were the soldiers who manned the castle, protected the borders of the Crusader states, and followed the orders of their noble knight lords, but the castles also served as a gathering place for skilled craftsmen such as blacksmiths, potters, stone masons, bakers, carpenters, and the like. Many served as religious centers in their own right, containing at least one chapel of either Christian or Muslim faith. The Muslim efforts to reclaim and rule the Levant were just as important and interesting as those of the Crusaders. Initially led by the atabegs of Aleppo, and later by the renowned Saladin (known also as Salah Ed¬Din), various Muslim forces took and retook the Holy City of Jerusalem. The cycle of conflicts between the Crusader states and the Muslim armies was disrupted in 1260 CE when the Mongols, having roved without obstruction across Eurasia, invaded the region with the support of the Armenians and some of the Crusader states. However, they were eventually defeated by the mighty Mamelukes of Egypt, who in turn focused their attention on consolidating their control over the Near East and eradicating the European presence in the region. Finally, in 1302 CE the Mamelukes conquered the last Crusader stronghold at Arwad, leaving one last remaining Crusader state - the Kingdom of Cyprus, which held out until it was invaded by the Ottomans in 1571 CE.

©2016 Charles River Editors (P)2016 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Jim D. Johnston
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 28 mins
Available on Audible
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The Secret History

1 rating

Summary

The Secret History, written by the sixth-century Byzantine historian Procopius, is one of the most extraordinary and scandalous documents to have survived from the early Byzantine period. Procopius, the leading official historian of his time, lived during the testing and indulgent time of Emperor Justinian the Great and wrote the official records of the successful wars and the grand building projects of his ruler. These were words of aggrandisement. But covertly, Procopius kept a very different record: The Secret History, a vivid, salacious and detailed account of the outrageous behaviour of Justinian and his wife, Theodora, and the equally corrupt, licentious and cruel members of the court and administration of the time. Secrecy was a necessary precaution for Procopius to prevent a painful and untimely death, for Justinian emerges as a grasping, ruthless and unprincipled ruler who would do anything to increase his wealth and power and who would not brook opposition on any level. No-one was safe around him - he was on a par with the worst Emperors of Rome such as Caligula. Theodora was no better - Procopius portrays her as a vulgar woman of insatiable sexual appetite given to scandalous displays and equally ready to kill to satisfy her desires. Not even Belisarius, the outstanding general of the time, was free from criticism: he is shown to be in thrall to his wife, Antonina, also a woman of wild habits, keen to pursue any person or object which appealed to her without let or hindrance. This was a time, Procopius shows, when no-one in the great capital of Constantinople was safe, a time when the rule of law could be subsumed at any time according to the whim of those in power. James Cameron Stewart reads the unabridged anonymous translation published in 1896 by The Athenian Society.

Public Domain (P)2018 Ukemi Productions Ltd

Author: Procopius
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 5 hrs and 2 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Against Our Better Judgment

Against Our Better Judgment

2 ratings

Summary

Soon after WWII, U.S. statesman Dean Acheson warned that creating Israel on land already inhabited by Palestinians would "imperil" both American and all Western interests in the region. Despite warnings such as this one, President Truman supported establishing a Jewish state on land primarily inhabited by Muslims and Christians. Few Americans today are aware that U.S. support enabled the creation of modern Israel. Even fewer know that U.S. politicians pushed this policy over the forceful objections of top diplomatic and military experts. As this work demonstrates, these politicians were bombarded by a massive pro-Israel lobbying effort that ranged from well-funded and very public Zionist organizations to an "elitist secret society" whose members included Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis. Against Our Better Judgment brings together meticulously sourced evidence to illuminate a reality that differs starkly from the prevailing narrative. It provides a clear view of the history that is key to understanding one of the most critically important political issues of our day.

©2014 Alison Weir (P)2014 Alison Weir

Narrator: Daniel McGowan
Author: Alison Weir
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 3 hrs and 5 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Battle of Lepanto: The History of the Decisive Naval Battle Between the Ottoman Empire and the Holy League

The Battle of Lepanto: The History of the Decisive Naval Battle Between the Ottoman Empire and the Holy League

Summary

In terms of geopolitics, perhaps the most seminal event of the Middle Ages was the successful Ottoman siege of Constantinople in 1453. The city had been an imperial capital as far back as the fourth century, when Constantine the Great shifted the power center of the Roman Empire there, effectively establishing two almost equally powerful halves of antiquity’s greatest empire. Constantinople would continue to serve as the capital of the Byzantine Empire even after the Western half of the Roman Empire collapsed in the late fifth century. Naturally, the Ottoman Empire would also use Constantinople as the capital of its empire after their conquest effectively ended the Byzantine Empire, and thanks to its strategic location, it has been a trading center for years and remains one today under the Turkish name of Istanbul.  The end of the Byzantine Empire had a profound effect not only on the Middle East but Europe as well. Constantinople had played a crucial part in the Crusades, and the fall of the Byzantines meant that the Ottomans now shared a border with Europe. The Islamic empire was viewed as a threat by the predominantly Christian continent to their west, and it took little time for different European nations to start clashing with the powerful Turks. In fact, the Ottomans would clash with Russians, Austrians, Venetians, Polish, and more before collapsing as a result of World War I, when they were part of the Central powers.  In the wake of taking Constantinople, the Ottoman Empire would spend the next few centuries expanding its size, power, and influence, bumping up against Eastern Europe and becoming one of the world’s most important geopolitical players. It would take repeated efforts by various European coalitions to prevent a complete Ottoman takeover of the continent, and one of the most important battles among those efforts took place in 1571.  The Battle of Lepanto is one of the great iconic military clashes of history, ranked with Waterloo, Hastings, Somme, and the Battle of Britain. It was the last and largest great battle involving galleys - oared vessels that rammed and boarded enemy vessels - and also the first great naval conflict that effectively used cannons. It was a clash between two great civilizations fighting for supremacy in the world and for control of Europe: the Ottoman Empire and the Christian states of Europe. The Museu Maritim in Barcelona houses a life-sized replica of the Real, the flagship of the Holy League, as well as numerous small models and contemporary paintings. The Museo Storico Navale in Venice boasts models of galleys and galleasses (gunboats).  Christian (particularly Catholic) tradition has hailed the Battle of Lepanto as a triumph of the West, while the Islamic world has largely ignored it as insignificant. What is certain is that it temporarily checked Ottoman naval power and helped save Europe from a potential invasion.

©2019 Charles River Editors (P)2019 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Bill Hare
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 37 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Rise and Fall of Alexandria

The Rise and Fall of Alexandria

7 ratings

Summary

Founded by Alexander the Great and built by self-styled Greek pharaohs, the city of Alexandria at its height dwarfed both Athens and Rome. It was the marvel of its age, legendary for its vast palaces, safe harbors, and magnificent lighthouse. But it was most famous for the astonishing intellectual efflorescence it fostered and the library it produced. If the European Renaissance was the "rebirth" of Western culture, then Alexandria, Egypt, was its birthplace. It was here mankind first discovered that the earth was not flat, originated atomic theory, invented geometry, systematized grammar, translated the Old Testament into Greek, built the steam engine, and passed their discoveries on to future generations via the written word. Julius Caesar, Mark Antony, Cleopatra, Jewish scholars, Greek philosophers, and devout early Christians all play a part in the rise and fall of the city that stood "at the conjunction of the whole world". Sparkling with fresh insights into science, philosophy, culture, and invention, this is an irresistible, edifying delight.

©2006 Justin Pollard and Howard Reid (P)2006 Tantor Media, Inc.

Narrator: Simon Vance
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 11 hrs and 30 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Black Origins of Ancient Rome and Black Roman Emperors

Black Origins of Ancient Rome and Black Roman Emperors

Summary

This is the first audiobook of its kind devoted to Black origins of Rome. Listen to the story of civilization being established in Italy and about the mysterious Etruscans. Listen to the story of the African descent of some Roman emperors. A must-listen for those interested in Black origins.

©2013 Gert Muller (P)2015 Gert Muller

Narrator: Stacy Hinkle
Author: Gert Muller
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 44 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Crusades: A History From Beginning to End

The Crusades: A History From Beginning to End

Summary

The Crusades are the prototype and epitome of the Holy War. The fight to take control of the city of Jerusalem, believed to be the most sacred Holy City to two distinct religions of Christianity and Islam, has lasted far longer than the two centuries of the Crusades, and its reach has extended far further than Europe and the Middle East.  Over the course of nine organized campaigns and many more unorganized ones, the Christian West militarized in the name of God to push back the threat of Islam advancing from the East. Inside you will read about.... Peace in War: A Background to the Crusades  The First to the Eighth Crusade Establishing the Crusader States The Children’s Crusade and Crusading Against Christians?  The Last Crusade  And much more! Understanding the Crusades is key in understanding the religious divides that still threaten the order of the world.

©2017 Hourly History (P)2018 Hourly History

Narrator: Jimmy Kieffer
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 8 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for 12 Strong

12 Strong

41 ratings

Summary

"A thrilling action ride of a book" (The New York Times Book Review) - from Jerry Bruckheimer in theaters everywhere January 19, 2018 - the New York Times best-selling, true-life account of a US Special Forces team deployed to dangerous, war-ridden Afghanistan in the weeks following 9/11. Previously published as Horse Soldiers, 12 Strong is the dramatic account of a small band of Special Forces soldiers who secretly entered Afghanistan following 9/11 and rode to war on horses against the Taliban. Outnumbered 40 to one, they pursued the enemy army across the mountainous Afghanistan terrain and, after a series of intense battles, captured the city of Mazar-i-Sharif. The bone-weary American soldiers were welcomed as liberators as they rode into the city. Then the action took a wholly unexpected turn. During a surrender of 600 Taliban troops, the Horse Soldiers were ambushed by the would-be POWs. Dangerously overpowered, they fought for their lives in the city's immense fortress, Qala-i-Janghi, or the House of War. At risk were the military gains of the entire campaign: if the soldiers perished or were captured, the entire effort to outmaneuver the Taliban was likely doomed. "A riveting story of the brave and resourceful American warriors who rode into Afghanistan after 9/11 and waged war against Al Qaeda" (Tom Brokaw), Doug Stanton's account touches the mythic. The soldiers on horses combined ancient strategies of cavalry warfare with 21st-century aerial bombardment technology to perform a seemingly impossible feat. Moreover, their careful effort to win the hearts of local townspeople proved a valuable lesson for America's ongoing efforts in Afghanistan. With "spellbinding...action packed prose...The book reads more like a novel than a military history...the Horse Soldier's secret mission remains the US military's finest moment in what has since arguably been a muddled war" (USA TODAY).

©2009 Doug Stanton (P)2011 Simon & Schuster

Narrator: Jack Garrett
Author: Doug Stanton
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 16 hrs and 40 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Afsharid and Qajar Dynasty

The Afsharid and Qajar Dynasty

Summary

If you want to discover the captivating history of the Afsharid and Qajar Dynasty, then pay attention.... Most people have heard about the famous and mighty Persian Empire of old, be it the one ruled by the Achaemenid Dynasty which challenged the Greeks and ultimately fell to the might Alexander the Great or the later Persian Empire ruled by the Parthian and Sassanid Dynasties which fought against the Romans and the Byzantines before being conquered by the Arab tribes which brought the Islamic religion to the Iranian Plateau. However, after those glory days of the ancient era, the Persian story is relatively ignored, hidden in the dark corners of history. Because of this, most of us have no idea how the Persian Empire became the contemporary Iranian republic. This guide aims to fill this hole in the Persian story, taking a look at the modern history of Iran during which this crucial change occurred.  In The Afsharid and Qajar Dynasty: A Captivating Guide to Two Iranian Dynasties Who Ruled Persia from 1736 to 1925, you will discover topics such as: Geography and Ancient History of Persia Modern History of Persia and the Afsharid Dynasty The Persian Empire under the Qajar Dynasty Modern Persian Society Culture of Modern Persia And Much, Much More! So if you want to learn more about the history of the Afsharid and Qajar Dynasty, scroll up and click the "buy" button!

©2019 Captivating History (P)2019 Captivating History

Narrator: Jamie Peters
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 43 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Achaemenid Empire: A Captivating Guide to the First Persian Empire Founded by Cyrus the Great, and How This Empire of Ancient Persia Fought Against the Ancient Greeks in the Greco-Persian Wars

Achaemenid Empire: A Captivating Guide to the First Persian Empire Founded by Cyrus the Great, and How This Empire of Ancient Persia Fought Against the Ancient Greeks in the Greco-Persian Wars

1 rating

Summary

Did you know that the Achaemenid Persian Empire stretched from North Africa to Central Asia?  If ranked by population percentage, the Achaemenid Empire, also known as the First Persian Empire, is the largest Empire the world has ever seen with 44 percent of the world’s population belonging to it.  But despite its remarkable conquests, riches, and astonishing achievements in fields such as engineering, the Achaemenid Empire has remained shrouded in mystery.  But that is about to change. In this new captivating history audiobook, you will discover the truth about this startling empire.  In Achaemenid Empire: A Captivating Guide to the First Persian Empire Founded by Cyrus the Great, and How This Empire of Ancient Persia Fought Against the Ancient Greeks in the Greco-Persian Wars you will:   Discover how the Achaemenid Empire got its start, as well as the conditions that allowed their culture to grow and prosper. Learn how Cyrus the Great came to power and the remarkable ways in which he and his successors ruled the empire. Get insights into the Achaemenid style of warfare, including rituals, strategies, and tactics they used to conquer their foes, as well as how they protected themselves against intruders. Learn about the roles and obligations of the people, who and how they worshipped, including their beliefs. Discover how the royalty lived in lavish luxury and how they had other people carry out their wishes. Learn about the rituals that were part of their daily lives, and how those rituals were performed. Discover little-known facts such as the cause that ultimately led to their downfall, the lessons learned from their history, and what we can take away as a modern society. And much, much more! So if you want to learn about the Achaemenid Persian Empire without having to go through boring textbooks, buy this audiobook today!

©2018 Captivating History (P)2018 Captivating History

Narrator: Duke Holm
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 42 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Queens of Jerusalem

Queens of Jerusalem

Summary

In 1187 Saladin's armies besieged the holy city of Jerusalem. He had previously annihilated Jerusalem's army at the battle of Hattin and behind the city's high walls a last-ditch defence was being led by an unlikely trio - including Sibylla, Queen of Jerusalem. They could not resist Saladin, but, if they were lucky, they could negotiate terms that would save the lives of the city's inhabitants.  Queen Sibylla was the last of a line of formidable female rulers in the Crusader States of Outremer. Yet for all the many books written about the Crusades, one aspect is conspicuously absent: the stories of women. Queens and princesses tend to be presented as passive transmitters of land and royal blood. In reality, women ruled, conducted diplomatic negotiations, made military decisions, forged alliances, rebelled and undertook architectural projects. Sibylla's grandmother Queen Melisende was the first queen to seize real political agency in Jerusalem and rule in her own right. She outmanoeuvred both her husband and son to seize real power in her kingdom and was a force to be reckoned with in the politics of the medieval Middle East. The lives of her Armenian mother, her three sisters and their daughters and granddaughters were no less intriguing.  The lives of this trailblazing dynasty of royal women and the crusading Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine are the focus of Katherine Pangonis's debut book. In Queens of Jerusalem she explores the role women played in the governing of the Middle East during periods of intense instability and how they persevered to rule and seize greater power for themselves when the opportunity presented itself. PLEASE NOTE: When you purchase this title, the accompanying PDF will be available in your Audible Library along with the audio.

©2021 Katherine Pangonis (P)2021 Orion Publishing Group

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 10 hrs and 19 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for A Peace to End All Peace

A Peace to End All Peace

4 ratings

Summary

The Middle East has long been a region of rival religions, ideologies, nationalisms, and ambitions. All of these conflicts - including the hostilities between Arabs and Israelis and the violent challenges posed by Iraq's competing sects - are rooted in the region's political inheritance: the arrangements, unities, and divisions imposed by the Allies after the First World War. In A Peace to End All Peace, David Fromkin reveals how and why the Allies drew lines on an empty map that remade the geography and politics of the Middle East. Focusing on the formative years of 1914 to 1922, when all seemed possible, he delivers in this sweeping and magisterial book the definitive account of this defining time, describing how the choices narrowed and the Middle East began along a road that led to the conflicts and confusion that continue to this day. A new afterword from Fromkin, written for this edition of the book, includes his invaluable, updated assessment of this region of the world today, and on what this history has to teach us.

©1989 David Fromkin; Afterword copyright 2009 by David Fromkin (P)2018 Tantor

Narrator: David de Vries
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 23 hrs and 15 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Afro Hair of the Ancient Egyptians and Blackheads, Africans of Mesopotamia

Afro Hair of the Ancient Egyptians and Blackheads, Africans of Mesopotamia

Summary

The Caucasian appearance of the hair on Egyptian mummies has been skillfully avoided by many Black scholars. Professor Diop appears to have been the only scholar to give it even a cursory treatment. We believe had he lived beyond 1986 he would have given the question the detail of attention it deserved. We conclude this because of the scientific pioneering spirit he showed in conducting the melanin dosage test is the same one that would have been required to solve this problem. This booklet deals with the contentious issue and puts it to rest. The ancient Egyptians had Afro hair! Professor Cheikh Anta Diop used the multi-disciplinary method to prove that the ancient Egyptians were Black. Now for the first time the ancient Mesopotamians are having the same multi-disciplinary approach applied to them. There is also a review of their political history and spiritual accomplishments. Art, anthropology, religion, and history show the Mesopotamians of ancient times were Black. This book was presented as a lecture alongside Dr. Ben in October 2001 at the Dr. Ben Memorial Lecture in London.

©2014 Anu M'Bantu (P)2015 Anu M'Bantu

Narrator: Roger Lott
Author: Anu M'Bantu
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 8 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Ancient Canaanites: A Captivating Guide to the Canaanite Civilization That Dominated the Land of Canaan Before the Ancient Israelites

The Ancient Canaanites: A Captivating Guide to the Canaanite Civilization That Dominated the Land of Canaan Before the Ancient Israelites

1 rating

Summary

Did you know the ancient Canaanites invented the alphabet?  The Bible references Canaan several times. For example, God commanded the Israelites to destroy the Canaanites following the Israeli flight from Egypt.  However, the actual history of this civilization doesn’t quite match theological sources. For one thing, the Canaanite civilization consisted of a multitude of different peoples from the same ethnic group but different cultures.  The region also had frequently redefined borders, and very few written records remain of Canaan, making it difficult for scholars to research. It can therefore be hard for people to find an easily understood and cohesive resource on this fascinating civilization.  But that is about to change. In this new captivating history audiobook, you will discover the truth about the ancient Canaanites.  The Ancient Canaanites: A Captivating Guide to the Canaanite Civilization That Dominated the Land of Canaan Before the Ancient Israelites includes:  Revolutionary findings provided by modern archaeological detective techniques A simple explanation of what Caanan is and where it's located Fascinating discoveries of Canaanites artifacts Remarkable insights into their government and social structure Startling theories about the Bronze Age collapse What there is to know about the culture of the Canaanites The main conflict with Canaan that occurs early in the Bible and more shocking mentions in the Bible Religion and beliefs And much, much more! Get the audiobook now to learn more about the ancient Canaanites!

©2018 Captivating History (P)2018 Captivating History

Narrator: Duke Holm
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 59 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for 12 Strong

12 Strong

1 rating

Summary

"A thrilling action ride of a book" (The New York Times Book Review) - from Jerry Bruckheimer in theaters everywhere January 19, 2018 - the New York Times best-selling, true-life account of a US Special Forces team deployed to dangerous, war-ridden Afghanistan in the weeks following 9/11.

Previously published as Horse Soldiers, 12 Strong is the dramatic account of a small band of Special Forces soldiers who secretly entered Afghanistan following 9/11 and rode to war on horses against the Taliban. Outnumbered 40 to one, they pursued the enemy army across the mountainous Afghanistan terrain and, after a series of intense battles, captured the city of Mazar-i-Sharif. The bone-weary American soldiers were welcomed as liberators as they rode into the city. Then the action took a wholly unexpected turn.

During a surrender of 600 Taliban troops, the Horse Soldiers were ambushed by the would-be POWs. Dangerously overpowered, they fought for their lives in the city's immense fortress, Qala-i-Janghi, or the House of War. At risk were the military gains of the entire campaign: If the soldiers perished or were captured, the entire effort to outmaneuver the Taliban was likely doomed.

"A riveting story of the brave and resourceful American warriors who rode into Afghanistan after 9/11 and waged war against Al Qaeda" (Tom Brokaw), Doug Stanton's account touches the mythic. The soldiers on horses combined ancient strategies of cavalry warfare with 21st century aerial bombardment technology to perform a seemingly impossible feat. Moreover, their careful effort to win the hearts of local townspeople proved a valuable lesson for America's ongoing efforts in Afghanistan. With "spellbinding...action packed prose...The book reads more like a novel than a military history...the Horse Soldier's secret mission remains the US military's finest moment in what has since arguably been a muddled war" (USA Today).

©2009 Simon and Schuster, Inc.; 2009 Reed City Productions

Author: Doug Stanton
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 6 hrs and 20 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Gamal Abdel Nasser and Anwar Sadat

Gamal Abdel Nasser and Anwar Sadat

Summary

Gamal Abdel Nasser has been called many things. The father of modern-day Egypt. The founder of Arab nationalism. The leader of the Egyptian Revolution. The second president of the Egyptian Republic. The creator of his own brand of political and social governance - Nasserism. Anthony Eden, the former British prime minister, called him the "Mussolini of the Nile". Nasser was all of these things and much more. Indeed he led the revolution that overthrew the monarchy of Egypt and subsequently shaped and led the new Egyptian government. He became a prominent regional and world leader, playing a significant role in the Non-Alignment Movement that he cofounded, formed during the midst of the Cold War. He led his country toward modernization and industrialization, implementing social and economic reforms focused on strengthening the nation and improving the lives of the people. Yet Nasser's legacy goes beyond state governance and policies; his name, to this day, evokes great emotion among Egyptians and much of the Arab world. His funeral in 1970 drew millions of mourners and an outpouring of genuine grief across the Arab world. In addition to working to carve a path for a new Egypt, Nasser aimed to help the rest of the Arab nations of the Middle East by uniting the historically uncooperative Arab countries and encouraging them to act as a united front. Nasser was not the first to see that Arab countries more often than not had much in common, including resources, political policies, and social structures, but he was the first to take action and work to get the Arab countries to work together. The concept of pan-Arabism that Nasser furthered during his presidency had lasting impact on the region that continued decades after his death.

©2012 Charles River Editors (P)2015 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Robin McKay
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 2 hrs and 52 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Thoth

Thoth

Summary

Perhaps the most intriguing aspect of ancient Egyptian civilization was its inception from the ground up, as the ancient Egyptians had no prior civilization they could use as a template. In fact, ancient Egypt itself became a template for the civilizations that followed. The Greeks and the Romans were so impressed with Egyptian culture that they often attributed many attributes of their own culture - usually erroneously - to the Egyptians.  To the ancient Egyptians, as was the case with any society made up of inquiring humans, the world was a confusing and often terrifying place of destruction, death, and unexplained phenomena. In order to make sense of such an existence, they resorted to teleological stories. Giving a phenomenon a story made it less horrifying, and it also helped them make sense of the world around them. Unsurprisingly, then, the ancient Egyptian gods permeated every aspect of existence.  Baboons held a prestigious place in Egyptian religion. They were kept as sacred animals in many temples because contemporary Egyptians considered them the original religious observers, particularly with respect to the sun god Re. Ancient Egyptians took the wild baboons stretching on their hind legs, forelegs raised to the sky, to be an oration to the sun god at dawn. Furthermore, these ancient ancestors of the land of Egypt were greeted at dawn by the concatenations of the baboons nattering, which the religious-minded took to be an early-morning devotion. They even believed the baboons spoke the original language of religion, and a claim they could understand baboons was often one asserted by certain members of the priestly class. However, it is his association with the ibis that most defines Thoth’s visual imagery. Since the ancient Egyptians believed the universe arose from the swamplike waters of Nun, it was the water bird that garnered the most prestigious veneration. Birds like geese, herons, and the ibises were associated with this period of creation, and according to some beliefs, the world came about thanks to the great “honk” of a primordial goose, whose eggshell was said to be preserved in the temple of Thoth. It was believed Re created Thoth’s baboon form to be that of his “shining moon”, but his ibis form was that of a messenger between heaven and earth (although he was much more than this). Thoth: The History and Legacy of the Ancient Egyptian God Who Maintains the Universe looks at the mythology surrounding one of antiquity’s most famous deities. You will learn about Thoth like never before.

©2018 Charles River Editors (P)2018 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Dan Gallagher
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 39 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Murder of King Tut

The Murder of King Tut

1 rating

Summary

Since 1922, when Howard Carter discovered Tut's 3,000-year-old tomb, most Egyptologists have presumed that the young king died of disease, or perhaps an accident, such as a chariot fall. But what if his fate was actually much more sinister? Now, in The Murder of Tut, James Patterson and Martin Dugard chronicle their epic quest to find out what happened to the boy-king. They comb through the evidence--X-rays, Carter's files, forensic clues--and scavenge for overlooked data to piece together the details of his life and death. The result is a true crime tale of intrigue, betrayal, and usurpation that presents a compelling case that King Tut's death was anything but natural.

©2009 James Patterson (P)2009 Hachette

Narrator: Joe Barrett
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 5 hrs and 59 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Ancient Nubians

The Ancient Nubians

Summary

During the several centuries that ancient Egypt stood as one of the greatest civilizations of the ancient world, conflicts with its neighbors often played a central role in hieroglyphic texts and art from temples and tombs. The three primary enemies of the Egyptians were the Libyans who occupied the Western Desert and its oases, the so-called Asiatics who lived in the Levant, and finally the Nubians to Egypt’s south. Among the three peoples, the Nubians were the most "Egyptianized" and at times were integral to the development of Egyptian history. Truly, the Nubians were the greatest of all sub-Saharan peoples in pre-modern times and deserve to be studied in their own right, apart from ancient Egyptian history. Unfortunately, it is often difficult for scholars to separate aspects of ancient Nubian culture that were truly unique and "Nubian" from those elements that were Egyptian, as the Nubians borrowed heavily in terms of culture from their northern neighbor. One historian noted, "As expected, strong Nubian features and dark coloring are seen in their sculpture and relief work. This dynasty ranks as among the greatest, whose fame far outlived its actual tenure on the throne. Especially interesting, it was a member of this dynasty that decreed that no Nehsy (riverine Nubian of the principality of Kush), except such as came for trade or diplomatic reasons, should pass by the Egyptian fortress and cops at the southern end of the Second Nile Cataract. Why would this royal family of Nubian ancestry ban other Nubians from coming into Egyptian territory? Because the Egyptian rulers of Nubian ancestry had become Egyptians culturally; as pharaohs, they exhibited typical Egyptian attitudes and adopted typical Egyptian policies." Robert S. Bianchi went even further: "It is an extremely difficult task to attempt to describe the Nubians during the course of Egypt's New Kingdom, because their presence appears to have virtually evaporated from the archaeological record. The result has been described as a wholesale Nubian assimilation into Egyptian society. This assimilation was so complete that it masked all Nubian ethnic identities insofar as archaeological remains are concerned beneath the impenetrable veneer of Egypt's material culture." An in-depth examination of the ancient Nubians reveals that although the Nubians were closely related culturally in many ways to the Egyptians, they produced a culture that had many of its own unique attributes and was far more advanced than any other culture in sub-Saharan Africa. Although the ancient Nubians get second billing to the Egyptians and are therefore not known as well to the general public, they were truly a remarkable people who left a cultural legacy that has stood the test of time.

©2016 Charles River Editors (P)2016 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Colin Fluxman
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 16 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Black Origins of Ancient Greek Civilization

Black Origins of Ancient Greek Civilization

1 rating

Summary

This book shall explore the evidence for African and Afro-Canaanite formative influences on Crete and mainland Greece. This book differs from Martin Bernal's Black Athena in several fundamental ways: 1) Our Egyptians are, as Anu M'Bantu would say, Unmistakably Black! Bernal's are somewhat Black. 2) The main Egyptian players in this study are NOT the Hyksos. 3) This study openly acknowledges and emphasizes the Afro-Canaanite origin of the Phoenicians. 4) It posits SEVEN different Black origins and influences on Greek civilization. This book is a must-listen for all those interested in Black history!

©2013 Gert Muller (P)2015 Gert Muller

Narrator: Colin Robinson
Author: Gert Muller
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 37 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Saving Israel

Saving Israel

Summary

As it prepared to ward off an invasion by five well-equipped neighboring armies in 1948, newborn Israel lacked the weapons to defend itself. Enter Al Schwimmer, an American World War II veteran who feared a repeat of the Holocaust. He created factitious airlines, bought decommissioned airplanes from the US War Asset Administration, fixed them in California and New Jersey, and sent his pilots - Jewish and non-Jewish WWII aviators - to pick up rifles, bullets, and fighter planes from the only country willing to break the international arms embargo: communist Czechoslovakia. For the crime of arming Israel with basic war instruments and battle-ready planes, including Messerschmitt fighters and B-17 bombers, Schwimmer and key members of his team paid a heavy price. They lost their civil rights after being convicted of breaking the arms embargo and America's Neutrality Act. Years later, three presidents would pardon three of them. The operation members risked their lives, freedom, and US citizenship to prevent what they viewed as an imminent genocide. They evaded the FBI and State Department, gained the support of the mafia, smuggled weapons - mostly Nazi surplus - across hostile territories, and went into combat in the Middle East. This book recreates the operation members’ sui generis journey in vivid scenes, capturing their multilayered stories and larger-than-life personalities. It documents the spirit as well as the facts of a mostly unknown mission to save a nascent-yet-ancient nation. 

©2020 Boaz Dvir (P)2020 Rowman & Littlefield

Narrator: Neil Hellegers
Author: Boaz Dvir
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 9 hrs and 27 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Six Day War and the Yom Kippur War: The History of the Military Conflicts that Established Israel as a Superpower in the Middle East

The Six Day War and the Yom Kippur War: The History of the Military Conflicts that Established Israel as a Superpower in the Middle East

Summary

Despite losing the 1948 War, Arab nations throughout the Middle East had still refused to recognize Israel’s right to exist. After the Suez Crisis, Egyptian leader Gamal Abdel Nasser envisioned creating a unified Arab world, commonly referred to as pan-Arabism. Nasser was the consummate pan-Arab leader in the 1960s, positioning himself as the leader of the Arab world through increasing incitement against Israel with rhetoric.  Israel found itself in possession of more land after 1948 than envisioned by the U.N. Partition Plan, but the Green Line still left it less than 10 miles wide in some positions. In the summer of 1967, the armies of Jordan and Syria mobilized near Israel’s borders, while Egypt’s army mobilized in the Sinai Peninsula just west of the Gaza Strip. Combined, the Arab armies numbered over 200,000 soldiers.  In early June 1967, the Israelis captured Jordanian intelligence that indicated an invasion was imminent, and on June 5, 1967, the Israel Broadcasting Authority aired an Israeli Defense Force communique. “Since the early hours of this morning,” it read, “heavy fighting has been taking place on the southern front between Egyptian armored and aerial forces, which moved against Israel, and our forces, which went into action to check them.”   Over the next six days, the Israelis overwhelmed the Egyptians in the west, destroying thousands of tanks and capturing the Gaza Strip and the entire Sinai Peninsula. At the same time, Israel drove the Jordanians out of Jerusalem and the West Bank, and it captured the Golan Heights from Syria near the border of Lebanon. In the span of a week, Israel had tripled the size of the lands it controlled. Israel had gone from less than 10 miles wide in some spots to over 200 miles wide from the Sinai Peninsula to the West Bank. Israel also unified Jerusalem.

©2018 Charles River Editors (P)2018 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Ken Teutsch
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 3 hrs and 14 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for No True Glory

No True Glory

Summary

Fallujah: Iraq's most dangerous city unexpectedly emerged as the major battleground of the Iraqi insurgency. For 20 months, one American battalion after another tried to quell the violence, culminating in a bloody, full-scale assault. Victory came at a terrible price: 151 Americans and thousands of Iraqis were left dead. The epic battle for Fallujah revealed the startling connections between policy and combat that are a part of the new reality of war. The Marines had planned to slip into Fallujah "as soft as fog". But after four American contractors were brutally murdered, President Bush ordered an attack on the city, against the advice of the Marines. The assault sparked a political firestorm, and the Marines were forced to withdraw amid controversy and confusion, only to be ordered a second time to take a city that had become an inferno of hate and the lair of the archterrorist al-Zarqawi. Based on months spent with the battalions in Fallujah and hundreds of interviews at every level (senior policymakers, negotiators, generals, and soldiers and Marines on the front lines) No True Glory is a testament to the bravery of the American soldier and a cautionary tale about the complex, and often costly, interconnected roles of policy, politics, and battle in the twenty-first century.

©2005 Bing West (P)2005 Random House, Inc. Random House Audio, a division of Random House, Inc.

Author: Bing West
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 5 hrs and 42 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Umma

Umma

Summary

When American archaeologists discovered a collection of cuneiform tablets in Iraq in the late 19th century, they were confronted with a language and a people who were at the time only scarcely known to even the most knowledgeable scholars of ancient Mesopotamia: the Sumerians. The exploits and achievements of other Mesopotamian peoples, such as the Assyrians and Babylonians, were already known to a large segment of the population through the Old Testament. The nascent field of Near Eastern studies had unraveled the enigma of the Akkadian language that was widely used throughout the region in ancient times, but the discovery of the Sumerian tablets brought to light the existence of the Sumerian culture, which was the oldest of all the Mesopotamian cultures.  Although the Sumerians continue to get second or even third billing compared to the Babylonians and Assyrians, perhaps because they never built an empire as great as the Assyrians or established a city as enduring and great as Babylon, they were the people who provided the template of civilization that all later Mesopotamians built upon. The Sumerians are credited with being the first people to invent writing, libraries, cities, and schools in Mesopotamia (Ziskind 1972, 34), and many would argue that they were the first people to create and do those things anywhere in world. There were many great cities in the ancient Near East that influenced the course of history. Babylon and Jerusalem are two of the better known, but Nineveh, Damascus, Ur, Uruk, Memphis, Thebes, and Sidon were just a few of the great cities where science and literature were created, theologies proposed, and empires born. There are numerous reasons why these cities became prominent, many of which were related to the fortuitous circumstances of environment and politics, but for every one of the great cities, there were many more that flourished and then had their prestige overshadowed by the growth of their larger neighbors. These cities often played important roles in the historical processes of the region for a time, but due to numerous circumstances, their influence proved to be ephemeral. One of the most interesting of these early ephemeral cities was Umma. Located in the southern region of Mesopotamia known as Sumer, Umma became a prominent Sumerian city in the early third millennium BCE, and while Uruk was the most important Sumerian city during that era, Umma was close behind in influence and power and for a time, seemed poised to become the most important place in Sumer. A powerful dynasty arose in Umma that expanded its influence across southern Mesopotamia, uniting the Sumerian cities under one government, but the central position that Umma enjoyed proved to be temporary because Semitic conquerors from the north forced Umma and the other cities to accept their rule. Umma continued to exist and even prosper, and it eventually became a somewhat important city again under the Neo-Sumerian Third Dynasty of Ur in the late third millennium BCE  It was not until the sixth century BCE that Umma went unmentioned in the historical record during the Neo-Babylonian Period. By then, the city was a shadow of its former self, but some of the earliest known Mesopotamian historiographical inscriptions were recorded in Umma, the god of its city became an important deity in the Mesopotamian pantheon, and its merchants became well-known for introducing a type of silver standard for trade. Thus, even as Umma was forgotten even as far back as ancient times, it continues to fascinate modern historians and archaeologists.

©2020 Charles River Editors (P)2020 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Ray Howard
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 30 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for How the West Stole Democracy from the Arabs

How the West Stole Democracy from the Arabs

1 rating

Summary

When Europe's Great War engulfed the Ottoman Empire, Arab nationalists rose in revolt against the Turks. The British supported the Arabs' fight for an independent state and sent an intelligence officer, T. E. Lawrence, to join Prince Faisal, leader of the Arab army and a descendant of the Prophet. In October 1918, Faisal, Lawrence, and the Arabs victoriously entered Damascus, where they declared a constitutional government in an independent Greater Syria.   At the Paris Peace Conference, Faisal won the support of President Woodrow Wilson. However, other Entente leaders at Paris - and later San Remo - schemed against the Arab democracy, which they saw as a threat to their colonial rule. On March 8, 1920, the Syrian-Arab Congress declared independence and crowned Faisal king of a "representative monarchy". Rashid Rida, a leading Islamic thinker of the day, led the constituent assembly to establish equality for all citizens, including non-Muslims, under a full bill of rights.   But France and Britain refused to recognize the Damascus government and instead imposed a system of mandates on the Arab provinces of the defeated Ottoman Empire. Under such a mandate, the French invaded Syria in April 1920, crushing the Arab government and sending Faisal and Congress leaders in flight to exile.

©2020 Elizabeth F. Thompson (P)2020 Tantor

Narrator: Suzanne Toren
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 15 hrs and 28 mins
Available on Audible
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The Iranian Revolutionary Guards

1 rating

Summary

In early November 2016, Salar Abnoush, a leader in the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), stated that the IRGC "will be in the US and Europe very soon." This quote came just before the US presidential election, a time when President Barack Obama was winding down his presidency and American society was busy reflecting on his past actions over the eight years of his presidency. Of those actions that incoming President Donald Trump has decided to focus on, "tearing up" the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (also more commonly known as the Iran Nuclear Deal) was near the top of the list. The crux of the deal focuses on Iran's agreement to roll back uranium stockpiles and enrichment capabilities in exchange for the ending of nuclear-related sanctions against Iran. Due to the IRGC's current involvement in the Iranian economy, they stand to gain from the ending of the sanctions. Possible threats to the deal by the incoming Trump Administration are of concern in Iran, and the threat of the IRGC spreading in western countries is a concern as well. The impact of the changing of terms to the Iran Nuclear Deal is just one concern among many of members of the IRGC. The multi-party conflict of the Syrian Civil War has pulled Iran deeper into this global conflict, as the numbers of refugees and internally displaced people rise. Through it all, the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps has held a position of power and prestige in Iranian society and has inspired both revolution and concern around the world. The IRGC is notable for its involvement in conflicts around the Middle East, particularly in supporting Shi'a groups through military training and finance, as well as backup support on the battlefield. This is not to say the IRGC enters into conflicts for the sake of being involved, but rather, they see these particular situations as serving the interests of Iran and furthering their brand of Shi'ism, a sect of Islam. The IRGC sees itself as a protector of Islam, Iran's theocracy, and the principles of the 1979 Iranian Revolution, so its involvement is always framed in terms of benefits to the overall goals of promoting revolutionary ideals. As analyst Afshon Ostovar puts it, "The IRGC is a multifaceted organization with reach into many different areas. It is a security service, an intelligence operation, a social and cultural force, and a complex industrial economic conglomerate." The IRGC operates in a very similar manner to other Islamist paramilitary organizations, such as Hezbollah, Hamas, the Muslim Brotherhood, and - their current enemies on the battlefield - the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and Jabhat Al-Nusra. These Islamist groups' power and influence comes from their control over the societies in which they operate and whether or not they have influential allies. The main difference for the IRGC, however, is the support of Iranian leadership in carrying out their main mission of maintaining and exporting the revolution. In essence, the IRGC has rooted itself in Iranian society and spread its influence through association with the society's most integral components - the education system, businesses, civil organizations, and religion - all at the request and blessing of the Supreme Leader of Iran. This is a similar model ISIL and Jabhat Al-Nusra are attempting to carry out in Syria and Iraq, and the one that Hamas and Hezbollah currently carry out in Lebanon and the Palestinian territories. The IRGC is also very much involved in Iran's economy and has a stake in its nuclear ambitions.

©2017 Charles River Editors (P)2017 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Dan Gallagher
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 2 hrs
Available on Audible
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Mahdist War

Summary

Discover the remarkable history of the Mahdist War....  The Mahdist War took place at the end of the 19th century between Sudanese rebels and their Egyptian colonizers. A religious leader claiming to be the Islamic Mahdi, Muhammad Ahmad, raised an army and led a movement to guide not only Sudanese Muslims, but Muslims worldwide. He and the Mahdists envisioned a future in which they would live by the teachings of the Qur’an.  However, larger global forces, especially those of global imperialism, would stand in their way. From the Mahdist grassroots movement to independence to reconquest, this is the story of the Mahdist War.  Discover a plethora of topics such as  Life under Egyptian rule Muhammad Ahmad, the Mahdi British entrenchment The Suakin expedition The reconquest of Sudan The end of the war And much more! So if you want a concise and informative book on the Mahdist War, simply scroll up and click the "Buy now" button for instant access!

©2020 Hourly History (P)2020 Hourly History

Narrator: Mike Nelson
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 11 mins
Available on Audible
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Julfa and New Julfa Armenians

Summary

From the depopulation of Julfa to the birth of New Julfa, these Armenians experienced destruction, exodus, and sanctuary. Shah Abbas force marches the Armenians out of old Julfa into Persia. They suffer greatly on the journey, but the Shah builds them a new city New Julfa, where they experience great wealth and peace. But then, oppression returns.

©2019 Michael Boyajian (P)2020 Michael Boyajian

Narrator: Drake Johnson
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 49 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Republic of Venice and Republic of Genoa: The History of the Italian Rivals and Their Mediterranean Empires

The Republic of Venice and Republic of Genoa: The History of the Italian Rivals and Their Mediterranean Empires

Summary

Founded in the wake of the decline of the Roman Empire, the Republic of Venice lasted for more than a thousand years, from 697-1797, and in order to understand its singular position in world history, it is necessary to first note its geographical positioning and its topographical makeup: Located in northeastern Italy at the head of the Adriatic, the city is made up of 120 islands that are connected by 430 bridges that cross over 170 canals, referred to as a “rio” or plural “rii” (Italian for river). As a maritime power, the interests of Venice once reached all the way to Asia, which allowed it to form an important crossroads within the Eastern Mediterranean, in terms of trade. In Venice, a vast array of products (raw materials, spices, cloth) came all the way from North Africa, Russia, and India and were exchanged for the goods and wealth of Europe. In a country that is as crowded with famous cities as Italy, Genoa is usually not one that first leaps to mind, at least for an English-speaking audience. If Venice, Florence, and Rome are the top three, they are often followed by Pisa, Sienna, and Naples, not to mention the islands of Sardinia and Sicily. Indeed, Genoa would come toward the end of a much longer list, and it might be most closely associated with its famous native son, Christopher Columbus, who ultimately sailed for Spain. For avid tourists, Genoa might be the port of call for those wishing to visit the stunning Cinque Terre on the Ligurian coast nearby, and for an expert in world politics, the city of Genoa might recall the memories of the tragic events of the 27th G8 summit in July 2001, when, at the height of the anti-globalization movement, protests turned violent and resulted in the death of a 23-year-old Carlo Giuliani. In today’s news, Genoa might represent Italy’s crumbling infrastructure and the apparent powerlessness of its government to repair it - on Tuesday, August 14, 2018, one of the main bridges of the city, the Morandi Bridge, collapsed, killing 43 people and leaving 600 homeless. The bridge’s demise also destroyed Italy’s reputation as an expert in mechanical engineering. Although Genoa cannot compete in the popular imagination with some of Italy’s more famous cities, this busy port town perched above the sea once boasted a powerful empire that rivaled that of Venice. It also lasted for roughly the same time period, rising in the early Middle Ages and coming to an end at the hands of Napoleon Bonaparte near the end of the 18th century. Today, historians are starting to correct the imbalance that has focused on Venice, Florence, and Rome, and new histories are gradually introducing Genoa to the world, even as much remains to be uncovered.  The Republic of Venice and Republic of Genoa: The History of the Italian Rivals and Their Mediterranean Empires looks at the origins of the cities, their rise to power across the Mediterranean, and their inevitable demises.

©2019 Charles River Editors (P)2019 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Colin Fluxman
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 3 hrs and 19 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Ancient Egypt: A Concise Overview of the Egyptian History and Mythology Including the Egyptian Gods, Pyramids, Kings and Queens

Ancient Egypt: A Concise Overview of the Egyptian History and Mythology Including the Egyptian Gods, Pyramids, Kings and Queens

Summary

Explore the history and mythology of the Egyptian Kingdom!  There are many mysteries of the ancient Egyptian empire and dynasties. Archaeologists and Egyptologists have been studying the artifacts and ruins for centuries, and there is still much left to learn. The body of Cleopatra VII, who was the last ruler of Egypt and is one of the most famed people in history, has never been discovered. Yet, there have been many amazing discoveries, such as the tomb of King Tutankhamun or King Tut, which was discovered fully intact and full of amazing artifacts, engravings, and history. Through exploring the ancient Egyptian ruins and tombs, we have been able to learn much about their way of life, views of the afterlife, religious beliefs, dynasties, invasions from foreign kingdoms, battle tactics, family, and more.  In this book you will find:   How Egypt came to become the first empire The creation myth of Amun-Ra, Osiris, and Set A timeline of the entire reign of the Egyptian dynastic periods, from the Old Kingdom to Roman Egypt The Heliopolitan Ennead and its importance Details on some of the most important gods including Ra, Amun-Ra, Anubis, Bastet, Isis, and Sekhmet Details on the life of some of the most prominent kings, including Menes, Cheops, Amenemhet I, Tuthmosis I and III, Akhenaten, Ramesses II and III, and Ptolemy I Soter The lives of some of the most important queens and how they gained power including Khentkawes I, Ahmose-Nefertari, Hatshepsut, Tiye, Nefertiti, and the famed Cleopatra VII How the pyramids and temples were built How the water levels of the Nile caused either prosperity or disaster The daily lives of Egyptians, how they farmed, their family dynamic, and hygiene And more Don’t wait another moment to enjoy from this information. Get your copy of Ancient Egypt right away!

©2018 Eric Brown (P)2018 Eric Brown

Narrator: John B Leen
Author: Eric Brown
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 42 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Ancient Egyptian Culture Revealed

The Ancient Egyptian Culture Revealed

Summary

This audiobook reveals several aspects of the ancient Egyptian culture, such as the very remote antiquities of Egypt; the Egyptian characteristics and religious beliefs and practices; their social/political system; their cosmic temples; the richness of their language; their musical heritage and comprehensive sciences; their advanced medicine; their vibrant economy; their excellent agricultural and manufactured products; their transportation system; and much more.  This expanded version of the audiobook consists of four parts with a total of 16 chapters.

©2016 and 2018 Moustafa Gadalla (P)2019 Moustafa Gadalla

Narrator: Susie Hennessy
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 7 hrs and 29 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Untainted Egyptian Origin

The Untainted Egyptian Origin

Summary

This book is intended to provide a short concise overview of some aspects of the Ancient Egyptian civilization that can serve us well nowadays in our daily life no matter where we are in this world. The book covers matters such as self-empowerment, improvements to present political, social, economical, and environmental issues, recognition and implementations of harmonic principles in our works and actions, etc.  Topics presented cover:  Our place in the universe and its operational system Understanding oneself and how to sort out each's internal energies to be happy and healthy Problems and old [Egyptian] remedies of political, social and economical conditions How to achieve peaceful coexistence between peoples, land and natural resources; which also deal with having a clean environment Understanding and implementing harmonic principles into building construction Appreciation of art, its functions and applications in harmonic fashion The timeless nature of the Ancient Egyptian civilization

©2016, 2018 Moustafa Gadalla (P)2018 Moustafa Gadalla

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 47 mins
Available on Audible
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The Iran Hostage Crisis

Summary

On February 1, 1979, amid great fanfare, exiled cleric Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini landed in Tehran. The return of the leader of the revolution to his home country was one of the final markers of the Iranian Revolution, a national phenomenon that had global implications. The Iranian Revolution of 1979 has been described as an epochal event, called the peak of 20th century Islamic revivalism and revitalization, and analyzed as the one key incident that continues to impact politics across Iran, the Middle East, and the even the world as a whole. As a phenomenon that led to the creation of the first modern Islamic Republic in the world, the revolution marked the victory of Islam over secular politics, and Iran quickly became the aspiring model for Islamic fundamentalists and revivalists across the globe, regardless of nationality, culture, or religious sect. When Ayatollah Khomeini was declared ruler in December 1979 and the judicial system originally modeled on that of the West was swiftly replaced by one purely based on Islamic law, much of the world was in shock that such a religiously driven revolution could succeed so quickly, especially when it had such sweeping consequences beyond the realm of religion. Furthermore, while the focus of the revolution was primarily about Islam, the revolution was also colored by disdain for the West, distaste for autocracy, and a yearning for religious and cultural identity. This point was driven home on November 4, 1979 when Iranians stormed the US embassy and took dozens of Americans hostage, sparking a crisis that would last for the rest of President Jimmy Carter's term. A few Americans escaped the embassy and hid in Tehran before being extracted (a mission that was recently adapted into the movie Argo), but for nearly 450 days, the crisis remained at the forefront of America's daily life, and aside from an embarrassing failed rescue mission, the administration seemed uncertain over how to approach the crisis and protect the American hostages. Eventually, all of the hostages were freed on the day Ronald Reagan was inaugurated as president in 1981, but the Iran hostage crisis had far reaching ramifications that have lasted to this day. Most notably, formal diplomatic contact between the United States and Iran ended, and no American embassy is open in that country nearly 35 years later. For anyone born during the 1960s, the Iran Hostage Crisis marked a change in American identity both as people and a nation. Those born in earlier decades had little to no understanding of radical Islam, and those born later could not conceive of a world without it. Some would say that the crisis was ultimately a good thing, in that it ushered Ronald Reagan into the White House and thus led to the fall of communism, while others would say that it was a harbinger of doom, a demonstration that even as one geopolitical foe declined, another was on the rise. Some say America was singled out because it was seen as too strong, others because it was seen as too weak. The bottom line is that, while no one knows what might have been done to prevent it, everyone has an idea about how it might have been ended sooner.

©2016 Charles River Editors (P)2017 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Dan Gallagher
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 44 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Ur

Ur

Summary

When American archaeologists discovered a collection of cuneiform tablets in Iraq in the late 19th century, they were confronted with a language and a people who were at the time only scarcely known to even the most knowledgeable scholars of ancient Mesopotamia: the Sumerians. The exploits and achievements of other Mesopotamian peoples, such as the Assyrians and Babylonians, were already known to a large segment of the population through the Old Testament. The nascent field of Near Eastern studies had unraveled the enigma of the Akkadian language that was widely used throughout the region in ancient times, but the discovery of the Sumerian tablets brought to light the existence of the Sumerian culture, which was the oldest of all the Mesopotamian cultures. Long before Alexandria was a city and even before Memphis and Babylon had attained greatness, the ancient Mesopotamian city of Ur stood foremost among ancient Near Eastern cities. Today, the greatness and cultural influence of Ur has been largely forgotten by most people, partially because its monuments have not stood the test of time the way other ancient cultures' monuments have. For instance, the monuments of Egypt were made of stone while those of Ur and most other Mesopotamian cities were made of mud brick and as will be discussed in this report, mud brick may be an easier material to work with than stone but it also decays much quicker. The same is true to a certain extent for the written documents that were produced at Ur. The people of Mesopotamia, which Ur was part of, employed the cuneiform system of writing; since cuneiform was almost always written on clay tablets, modern scholars have been faced with the unfortunate problem that many of those tablets have been broken and made unreadable by the passage of time. Despite the ephemeral nature of its monuments and to some extent its written texts, Ur proved to be an inspiration to the Sumerians who built the city and also to later cultures and dynasties that inhabited Mesopotamia. An examination of primary sources relating to Ur, as well as archaeological excavations done in the ancient city reveal that it was a cultural beacon for thousands of years. Ur began as a Sumerian city of secondary importance but quickly grew to importance in the region. At its height Ur was the center of a great dynasty that controlled most of Mesopotamia directly through a well maintained army and bureaucracy, and the areas that were not under its direct control were influenced by Ur's diplomats and religious ideas. This study will also reveal that Ur was a truly resilient city because it survived the downfall of the Sumerians, outright destruction at the hands of the Elamites, and later occupations by numerous other peoples, which included Saddam Hussein most recently. Ur inspired the imaginations of ancient peoples, but it has also enraptured the minds of modern people, who have worked for over 150 years to unlock the city's mysteries. Truly, when it comes to important ancient cities, Ur should be counted among the greatest.

©2015 Charles River Editors (P)2015 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Colin Fluxman
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 31 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Lost City of Ubar

The Lost City of Ubar

Summary

The story of Atlantis has captured the minds and hearts of historians, scientists, artists, and writers for millennia, and yet, it never ceases to amaze people when told that the only literary evidence that exists comes from a single 4th century BCEE author. The Athenian philosopher Plato, famous for his dialogues in which the Socratic Method was invented, was the first writer to mention the mysterious continent of Atlantis. In his works Timaeus and Critias, Plato outlines the beginning of the story of Atlantis, but the Critias, where the longer and more detailed account takes place, was never finished and, therefore, has become the mysterious germ for millennia of thought. The annals of world history are filled with intriguing, although often outlandish stories of lost cities and kingdoms, and in addition to Atlantis, there are also Hyperborea, Shambhala, and Aztlan, to name just a few. Besides being cities and kingdoms that have been lost, often through some sort of catastrophe, all of these places are mentioned in religious texts or as part of a peoples’ national history. They play a major role in the identity of certain groups, at least in how certain groups identify with these mythical places. Although many, if not all, of these locations are mythical, they may have been based on actual locations, even if modern scholars are yet to definitively discover any such places. One of these lost cities is that known as Ubar, Wabar, or Iram, names which are all believed to refer to the same, possibly mythical, location. The city is mentioned as a den of iniquity that was destroyed by God, both in the Quran as well as the mythical Arabian Nights. As such, Ubar became a metaphor for how good Muslims should not act, and what could happen to non-believers, especially when allowed to congregate in a specific area. Later Islamic historians and geographers describe Ubar as being somewhere in the Arabian Desert, in what is today the nation-state of Oman. In modern times there were a few attempts to locate the lost city, but, for the most part, they were futile. Ubar and its location continued to fascinate people around the world, and it seemed as though its secrets would remain hidden beneath the Arabian sands until the 1980s, when a photojournalist named Nicholas Clapp became interested in the city. Clapp eventually turned his interest into a full-time endeavor to find Ubar and put together a team of adventurers and archaeologists, receiving funding from a number of different sources. Working backwards from the few scant historical and geographical accounts that portray Ubar as a prosperous city or kingdom in the centuries before Islam, Clapp and his team narrowed their search to a location on the edge of the Arabian Desert in the Dhofar region of Oman. It is there that they believed they found Ubar, which appeared to be a productive, wealthy, and growing city from the early 1st millennium BCEE until as late as the 6th century BCEE. Clapp received great fame for his discovery and recorded his journey in a book, even as some historians remained convinced that he had not actually discovered Ubar. In fact, some continue to believe that Ubar was a purely mythical place, even as others are convinced that it was a large, historical kingdom that remains lost. The Lost City of Ubar: The History and Legends of the Ancient Arabian City Known as the Atlantis of the Sands chronicles the origins of the city, the stories about it, the way the stories spread as they became more popular, and their impact on history. You will learn about the Atlantis of the Sands like never before.

©2019 Charles River Editors (P)2019 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Bill Hare
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 19 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Ancient Egyptian Language and Writing: The History and Legacy of Hieroglyphs and Scripts in Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egyptian Language and Writing: The History and Legacy of Hieroglyphs and Scripts in Ancient Egypt

Summary

Perhaps not surprisingly given how advanced they were in comparison to contemporaries, the Egyptians invented one of the first writing systems ever, and for centuries, people thought these ancient texts held some sort of secret, be it aliens, advanced technology lost to the world, or mystical cures for all of the world’s ills. Even the ancient Egyptians saw their writing systems as full of mystery and hidden knowledge - according to Egyptian mythology, writing was invented by the ibis-headed god Thoth, the most intellectual of the gods. He was a scribe, also associated with mathematics, medicine, and astronomy, and could appear as either an ibis or a baboon. Thoth was originally a lunar god, strongly associated with recording events and time. He is more commonly known as the scribe who records judgment in the famous weighing of the heart scene in which a person’s fate in the afterlife is decided. To the Egyptians, writing was a gift of the gods and should be used accordingly. It was powerful and had the ability to create. For example, written formula offerings could provide sustenance in multiple ways, including being written, depicting the offerings, and read aloud. Each of these methods brought offerings to the recipient for all of eternity. Speaking words was especially powerful as shown in myths where the gods create in this fashion. One such myth is the “Memphite Theology”, where the creator god Ptah creates other beings through the “thoughts of his heart and the words of his mouth”. Furthermore, writing a person or a god’s name gave them power, and erasing their names took the power away. By placing his name on it, a person or king could usurp a statue from someone else.   Since writing was hieroglyphic, it was also art, and the images held power. This is evidenced by signs or images being disfigured in tombs or funerary settings, so as not to hurt the owners. These so-called “mutilated signs” were often of serpents or other animals that were able to harm the deceased. The signs might also be left incomplete for the same purpose.   That being said, real people wrote these texts. Some of the scribes might have considered themselves magicians, but they weren’t time travelers, aliens, or gods. Ancient Egyptian writing is often extremely complex and filled with puns, vague statements about religious mysteries, and general witty banter. In addition to those extremely well-written and thought-out texts, there is also a range of personal letters, administrative texts, and even graffiti. When reading some of these texts, it is remarkable how similar the people of ancient Egypt were to people today when it came to their daily concerns and even the jokes they told. The ancient Egyptian language was Afro-Asiatic, distantly related to Semitic and African ones, and the writing system only used consonants and not vowels, due to the root system. This is similar to how Arabic or Hebrew is written today. Most words had a root of two or three consonants, and the vowels changed based on the form of the word. Ancient Egyptian Language and Writing: The History and Legacy of Hieroglyphs and Scripts in Ancient Egypt examines the history of writing in Egypt, and how it evolved over thousands of years. You will learn about Egyptian language and writing like never before.

©2019 Charles River Editors (P)2019 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Colin Fluxman
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 12 mins
Available on Audible
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Imperial Life in the Emerald City

2 ratings

Summary

In this unprecedented account, The Washington Post's former Baghdad bureau chief, Rajiv Chandrasekaran, takes us into the Green Zone, headquarters for the American occupation in Iraq. In this bubble separated from wartime realities, the task of reconstructing a devastated nation competes with the distractions of a Little America: a half-dozen bars, a disco, a shopping mall - much of it run by Halliburton. While qualified Americans willing to serve in Iraq are screened for their views on Roe v. Wade, the country is put into the hands of inexperienced 20-somethings chosen for their Republican Party loyalty. Ignoring what Iraqis say they want or need, the team pursues irrelevant neoconservative solutions and pie-in-the-sky policies instead of rebuilding looted buildings and restoring electricity. Their almost comic initiatives anger the locals and fuel the insurgency.

©2006 Rajiv Chandrasekaran (P)2006 Blackstone Audio Inc.

Narrator: Ray Porter
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 10 hrs and 18 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Egypt, Greece, and Rome

Egypt, Greece, and Rome

8 ratings

Summary

Long sources of mystery, imagination, and inspiration, the myths and history of the ancient Mediterranean have given rise to artistic, religious, cultural, and intellectual traditions that span the centuries. In this unique and comprehensive introduction to the region's three major civilizations, Egypt, Greece, and Rome draws a fascinating picture of the deep links between the cultures across the Mediterranean and explores the ways in which these civilizations continue to be influential to this day. Beginning with the emergence of the earliest Egyptian civilization around 3500 BC, Charles Freeman follows the history of the Mediterranean over a span of four millennia to AD 600, beyond the fall of the Roman empire in the west to the emergence of the Byzantine empire in the east. In addition to the three great civilizations, the peoples of the Ancient Near East and other lesser-known cultures such as the Etruscans, Celts, Persians, and Phoenicians are explored. The author examines the art, architecture, philosophy, literature, and religious practices of each culture, set against its social, political, and economic background. More than an overview of the primary political or military events, Egypt, Greece, and Rome pays particular attention to the actual lives of both the everyday person and the aristocracy: Here is history brought to life. Especially striking are the readable and stimulating profiles of key individuals throughout the ancient world, covering persons from Homer to Horace, the Pharaoh Akhenaten to the emperor Augustus, Alexander the Great to Julius Caesar, Jesus to Justinian, and Aristotle to Augustine. Generously illustrated in both color and black-and-white, and drawing on the most up-to-date scholarship, Egypt, Greece, and Rome is a superb introduction for anyone seeking a better understanding of the civilizations of the ancient Mediterranean and their legacy to the West.

©2004 Charles Freeman (P)2013 Audible, Inc.

Narrator: Jim Meskimen
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 32 hrs and 2 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for The Kingdom of Mitanni

The Kingdom of Mitanni

Summary

Includes excerpts of ancient accounts  Includes a bibliography for further listening Includes a table of contents  The Late Bronze Age Near East (c. 1500-1200 BCE) was a time and place where great kingdoms and empires vied for land and influence, playing high stakes diplomatic games, trading, and occasionally going to war with each other in the process. The Egyptians, Hittites, Babylonians, Assyrians, and several smaller Canaanite kingdoms were all part of this system, which was one of the first true “global” systems in world history and also one of the most materially prosperous eras in antiquity. The major kingdoms are well-known to most people, but among them, for about 150 years, was another great kingdom that is often overlooked or forgotten.  When scholars study the history of the ancient Near East, several wars that had extremely brutal consequences (at least by modern standards) often stand out. Forced removal of entire populations, sieges that decimated entire cities, and wanton destruction of property were all tactics used by the various peoples of the ancient Near East against each other, but the Assyrians were the first people to make war a science. When the Assyrians are mentioned, images of war and brutality are among the first that come to mind, despite the fact that their culture prospered for nearly 2,000 years. The Assyrians, like their other neighbors in Mesopotamia, were literate and developed their own dialect of the Akkadian language that they used to write tens of thousands of documents in the cuneiform script (Kuhrt 2010, 1:84). Furthermore, the Assyrians prospered for so long that their culture is often broken down by historians into the “Old,” “Middle,” and “Neo” Assyrian periods, even though the Assyrians themselves viewed their history as a long succession of rulers from an archaic period until the collapse of the neo-Assyrian Empire in the 7th century BCE. In fact, the current divisions have been made by modern scholars based on linguistic changes, not on political dynasties (van de Mieroop 2007, 179).  One of the successor states that bridged the gap between the Old Assyrian Empire and Middle Assyrian Empire was the Kingdom of Mitanni, which remains somewhat of an enigma to modern scholars and has therefore so far failed to gain the attention of wider, popular audiences. However, while it existed, Mitanni affected the course of history in the Near East just as much as any of the other major kingdoms, and there is little doubt that the kingdom was just as powerful and technologically advanced as its peers during its apex.  The kingdom had a number of unique features in the region. The ethnic composition of Mitanni is relatively well-known, but the background of the rulers remains a source of debate. The physical extent of the empire is also another problem historians face because the capital has never been positively identified and details of the nature of the Mitanni government remain in question. Furthermore, since few monumental structures have been uncovered, details about Mitanni religion and court life are mostly unknown.  Thankfully, many of the Mitanni’s contemporaries kept detailed records, and thanks to Egyptian, Hittite, and Assyrian historical annals, along with Hurrian and Akkadian-Mitanni administrative and legal texts, a picture of this brief Bronze Age empire can be painted. The Mitanni kingdom sprung from the Hurrian people to rule over the disparate Canaanites of the northern Levant, but within a few short generations its powerful neighbors to the west and east had obliterated it and all but erased its memory from history.

©2020 Charles River Editors (P)2020 Charles River Editors

Narrator: David Pickering
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 34 mins
Available on Audible
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Middle East Conflict

Summary

Do you know your Hamas from your Hezbollah? What is the fighting about? Does the conflict encourage Islamic terrorism? Can there be peace in the region? Middle East Conflict tackles the big questions in a pithy pocket guide. In under 110 minutes, you can sound knowledgeable when others don't.

©2008 Pocket Issue (P)2008 Pocket Issue

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 41 mins
Available on Audible
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Hittites: A History from Beginning to End

Summary

The Hittites lived among gods and kings and captivated the mysterious Sir Lawrence of Arabia, among many eager minds. Who were they? Simply warlike conquerors on a mission to impose Hittite power on the world? How did they become part of the elite highly-exclusive club of kings as great as Egyptian, Assyrian, and Babylonian empires of the second millennium BCE?   They created a complex system of collective governance and changed the metallurgy of the ancient world. This mysterious empire remained the unknown fourth empire and thanks to their tradition of preservation we continue solving mysteries buried in their ancient past.

©2016 Hourly History (P)2018 Hourly History

Narrator: Scott R. Pollak
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 17 mins
Available on Audible
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Cleopatra, donna e regina. Serie Completa

Summary

Chi era davvero Cleopatra? Scopriremo che è stata una donna straordinaria, oltre che l'ultima regina d'Egitto: col suo fascino ha saputo legare a sé figure molto importanti dell'antica Roma come Cesare e Marco Antonio. Faremo un lungo viaggio nell'epoca nella quale è vissuta, dove prenderanno forma luoghi, persone, eventi storici come guerre e battaglie. Seguiremo Cleopatra dalla nascita fino alla sua chiacchierata morte, svelando i tanti retroscena della sua intensa e regale esistenza. Alberto Angela vi racconta tutto questo con la passione e la semplicità che da sempre caratterizzano la sua divulgazione. Elenco degli episodi: Una donna moderna in un mondo antico; L'Egitto di Cleopatra; Diventare regina; Cesare, l'amore e la guerra; La Roma di Cesare e Cleopatra; Le dimore di Cesare e Cleopatra; Congiura! La guerra civile; L'ultimo amore: Antonio; Ritratti di donne; Cleopatra, donna guerriera; La morte di Cleopatra. Sigla musicale: Luca Micheli per Agave Audio Studio. Sound design: Luca Micheli e Guido Bertolotti per Agave Audio Studio.

©2020 Audible Originals (P)2020 Audible Studios

Narrator: Alberto Angela
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 6 hrs and 31 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Ancient Civilizations: A Captivating Guide to the Ancient Canaanites, Hittites and Ancient Israel and Their Role in Biblical History

Ancient Civilizations: A Captivating Guide to the Ancient Canaanites, Hittites and Ancient Israel and Their Role in Biblical History

2 ratings

Summary

If you want to discover the captivating history of the ancient Canaanites, Hittites, and ancient Israelites, then pay attention.... Three captivating manuscripts in one audiobook: The Ancient Canaanites: A Captivating Guide to the Canaanite Civilization That Dominated the Land of Canaan Before the Ancient Israelites Hittites: A Captivating Guide to the Ancient Anatolian People Who Established the Hittite Empire in Ancient Mesopotamia Ancient Israel: A Captivating Guide to the Ancient Israelites, Starting from Their Entry into Canaan Until the Jewish Rebellions Against the Romans The Hittites, Canaanites, and Israelites were three ancient civilizations entwined with one another.  In this new captivating history audiobook, you will discover the truth about these startling ancient civilizations. Part one of this audiobook includes: Revolutionary findings provided by modern archaeological detective techniques A simple explanation of what Canaan is and where it's located Fascinating discoveries of Canaanites artifacts Religion and beliefs And much, much more! In part two of this audiobook, you will discover: The origin of the Hittites in the Bronze Age The formation of the Old Kingdom, 1700-1500 BC The New Kingdom, 1400-1200 BC The downfall of the Hittites The Syro-Hittite or Neo-Hittite kingdoms Art, symbolism, and the Hittites' role in the Bible Legal and daily life of the Hittites Military structure And much, much more! Part three is covering ancient Israel, and in it, you will discover topics such as:   Culture and society through the years And much, much more! So, if you want to learn more about these three ancient civilizations, listen to this audiobook now!

©2018 Captivating History (P)2018 Captivating History

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 7 hrs and 58 mins
Available on Audible
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The Battle of Ain Jalut

Summary

Egypt in the 13th century was a glorious kingdom to behold. Spice merchants from Europe, Asia, and Africa sailed up the Nile River to the great port city of Alexandria, carrying riches such as silk, jewels and spices. Cairo, the capital of Egypt, was the greatest city in the Islamic world, with a larger population and more wealth and splendor than any city in Europe. Cairo was a shining pinnacle of cosmopolitan splendor in the medieval world, and besides being a major trading hub, Cairo was famous for its scholars and intellectual class, offering countless academic opportunities for scholars across the Islamic world. The culture of Cairo was dynamic and famous for its wide range of intellectual debates on Islamic sciences and other academic fields, all of which far surpassed any contemporary city at the time. From across the Islamic world, scholars from all the major schools of thought were represented in Cairo. Spirited lectures occurred frequently in public squares and madrasas were often packed with patrons eagerly listening to readings by famed scholars. Cairo was a city filled with art, trade and knowledge. However, there was another factor that made Cairo infamous. The city represented the last bastion of the Muslim world. A great Islamic caliphate, centered in Iraq, had once stretched from the edges of Central Asia to Spain, but invasions by outside enemies had mostly overrun this once mighty empire. The Mongol armies, pouring forth from their grasslands in Asia, had sacked Baghdad in 1258, destroying the caliphate and sending the Islamic world into a state of deep peril. Moreover, the Crusaders had launched multiple invasions into Palestine and the Levant, threatening the very existence of the Muslim world. From the vast grasslands of the Asian steppes arose what is perhaps one of the most unstoppable armies in the history of the world: The Mongol Empire. A loosely aligned horde of tribal pastoral nomads, these warring tribes were united under one banner by Genghis Khan. Under his legendary leadership, the Mongols left their ancestral home in Mongolia on a campaign of conquest. Turning their eyes south toward China, the Mongols eventually conquered the rich empire to establish the Mongol Yuan Dynasty of China, but this did not satisfy the Mongol quest for conquest. The Mongols pushed west into Central Asia, defeating a series of kingdoms and empires and leaving carnage in their wake. These armies of elite horse archers crushed every foe in their path, conquering land all the way to Poland and Austria. The Middle East was not spared their wrath, as the Mongols staged some of their most devastating campaigns in Arab lands. In 1258, the Mongols sacked Baghdad, destroying the capital of the mighty Islamic Abbasid Caliphate, which was a major blow to the Islamic world. The Mongol armies continued west into the holy land of Syria and Palestine. There, the Mongols met the foe to rival them in war: the Mamluks. Hailing from the Eurasian steppes, the Mamluks were not Arab, but ethnically Turkish, enslaved at a young age, and sold into military service in Egypt, where they underwent intense military training in Cairo. Thus, these Turkish warriors were utterly alien from the Arab populations they eventually ruled over in ethnicity, language, and culture, but they were remarkably skilled in the mounted warfare styles of the nomadic tribes of the Eurasian grasslands and other aspects of medieval warfare. As a result, the Mamluks were some of the finest professional soldiers of their time, which they proved on multiple occasions through their brilliant military campaigns against the numerous enemies of Egypt.

©2019 Charles River Editors (P)2020 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Delaine Daniels
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 37 mins
Available on Audible
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The Library of Alexandria: The History and Legacy of the Ancient World's Most Famous Library

Summary

"When I wrote 'The Alexandria Link,' I discovered that we are only aware of about 10 percent of the knowledge of the ancient world. In the ancient world, most of the knowledge was destroyed." (Steve Berry) In the modern world, libraries are taken for granted by most people, perhaps because their presence is ubiquitous. Every school has a library, large libraries can be found in every major city, and even most small towns have public libraries. However, the omnipresent nature of libraries is a fairly recent historical phenomenon because libraries were still few and far between before the 19th century. For centuries in the Western world, during what is known as the Middle Ages, written knowledge was guarded closely and hidden away in private repositories, usually by the religious classes. The lack of libraries in the West has helped contribute to the popular imagination of the ancient Library at Alexandria and all the myths and legends that have come to be associated with it, but the Library of Alexandria deserves its reputation. Before the Middle Ages, Greek scholars carefully collected and inventoried books and other written materials in the Library of Alexandria, which truly made it a sort of precursor to all modern libraries. In fact the Library of Alexandria proved to be one of the greatest institutions created in the ancient world because it influenced the minds of countless people in profound ways for centuries.

©2012 Charles River Editors (P)2015 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Maria Chester
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 22 mins
Available on Audible
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The Battle of the Granicus River

Summary

At one point in antiquity, the Achaemenid Persian Empire was the largest empire the world had ever seen, but aside from its role in the Greco-Persian Wars and its collapse at the hands of Alexander the Great, it has been mostly overlooked. When it has been studied, the historical sources have mostly been Greek, the very people the Persians sought to conquer. Needless to say, their versions were biased, and attitudes about the Persians were only exacerbated by Alexander the Great and his biographers, who maintained a fiery hatred toward Xerxes I of Persia due to his burning of Athens.  Of course, far more is known about Alexander the Great and his military accomplishments, the most important of which was bringing about the demise of the Persian Empire. Ever since the famous Persian invasions that had been repelled by the Athenians at Marathon and then by the Spartans at Thermopylae and Plataea, Greece and Persia had been at odds. For the past few years they had enjoyed an uneasy peace, but that peace was shattered when, in 334 BCE, Alexander crossed the Hellespont into Persia. He brought with him an army of 50,000 infantry, 6,000 cavalry and a navy of over 100 ships, a mixed force of Macedonians, Greeks, Thracians and Illyrians, all chosen for their specific strengths (the Thessalians, for example, were famous cavalrymen). He was still just 22.  Darius III, king of Persia at the time of Alexander’s invasion, was no tactical genius, but he was an intelligent and persistent enemy who had been handed the throne just before the arrival of the indomitable Alexander. His misfortune was to face an enemy at the forefront of military innovation and flexibility, a fighting force that he was not equipped to handle, and the unconquerable will of the Macedonian army, fueled by devotion to their daring and charismatic king.  When Alexander crossed the Hellespont in 334 BCE, his first encounter with Persian forces took place along the Granicus River. The Persian commanders had met at the city of Zeleia along with Memnon of Rhodes, the leader of their Greek mercenary forces, and Memnon advised the Persians not to fight Alexander head on. Since the Persian forces were slightly outnumbered for the battle, Memnon advised that the Persians should scorch the nearby lands and make travel and supplying the army difficult for Alexander.  Ultimately, however, the Persians did not trust the Greek commander and were unwilling to destroy their own lands. It’s quite likely they thought that the young inexperienced king at the head of a Greek army would not be too difficult to defeat, so they instead decided to draw Alexander into a defensive position of their own choosing. Against a lesser general, their strategy might have worked well, but at the Battle of the Granicus River, the Persians would learn that Alexander was no typical military leader.  What happened there set the tone for the rest of Alexander’s campaign against the Persians, including at the legendary Battle of Issus, but over 2,000 years after the Battle of the Granicus River was fought, there are still a lot of lingering questions surrounding it. Though it’s frequently grouped with Alexander’s other three major military encounters (the Battle of Issus, the Battle of Gaugamela, and the Battle of Hydaspes), the ancient sources lack the detailed information about the battle dispositions and the actual activities of the battle that characterize their accounts of the other three.  The Battle of the Granicus River: The History of Alexander the Great’s First Major Battle Against the Achaemenid Persian Empire looks at one of antiquity’s most important battle.

©2020 Charles River Editors (P)2020 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Daniel Houle
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 2 hrs and 10 mins
Available on Audible
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The Great Siege of Malta

Summary

“The darkness of the night then became as bright as day, due to the vast quantity of artificial fires. So bright was it indeed that we could see St Elmo quite clearly. The gunners of St Angelo...were able to lay and train their pieces upon the advancing Turks, who were picked out in the light of the fires." (Francisco Balbi, a Spanish soldier at the siege) For centuries, Christians and Muslims were embroiled in one of the most infamous territorial disputes of all time, viciously and relentlessly battling one another for the Holy Land. In the heart of Jerusalem sat one of the shining jewels of the Christian faith - the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Legend has it that this was where their Savior had been buried before his fabled resurrection. What was more, it was said to house the very cross Jesus Christ had died upon. It was for precisely these reasons that fearless pilgrims, near and far, risked their lives and made the treacherous trek to Jerusalem. Like other secretive groups, the mystery surrounding the Catholic military orders that sprung up in the wake of the First Crusade helped their legacies endure. While some conspiracy theorists attempt to tie the groups to other alleged secret societies like the Illuminati, other groups have tried to assert connections with them to bolster their own credentials. Who they were and what they had in their possession continue to be a source of great intrigue. After being forced out of Rhodes by the Ottomans in the early 16th century, the Knights Hospitaller spent seven years residing in Sicily without an official home or garrison, but around 1530, Holy Roman Emperor Charles V decided to gift the order the islands of Malta and Gozo, as well as the port city of Tripoli in North Africa, as a fiefdom. The emperor’s motivations varied, but most historians believe he granted the knights the territory partially out of religious devotion and mainly to protect those regions from the looming Ottoman threat. Both Malta and Gozo were between Sicily and the North African coast and were prime locations for the Ottoman Empire to try to make their next move to gain inroads into Europe. In 1565, the Knights Hospitaller were attacked by Suleiman, who sent 40,000 soldiers to attempt to wrest control of Malta from them. This would become known as the Great Siege of Malta, lasting from May 18 to September 11. The first two months of the siege were devastating for the Hospitallers, who lost most of their cities and half of their 8,000 knights. Resources were scarce and supplies were running low, resulting in starvation and disease. By August 18, the lines were ready to crumble, especially since the series of fortifications were spread out and difficult to defend.  No help was forthcoming from the Viceroy of Sicily, who was under no obligation to assist because of the vague wording of the orders he received from King Philip II of Spain. Indeed, it could have been disastrous for Sicily, since sacrificing their own troops would have left Sicily and Naples open to Ottoman invasion. When told to withdraw to spare the rest of the order, Grand Master Jean Parisot de Valette refused and held his ground, and finally, after months of ignoring the issue, the Viceroy of Sicily sent aid to the Knights Hospitaller after being badgered by his outraged officers. On August 23, the Ottomans launched their last assault upon Malta. The fighting was intense, and even wounded knights participated. The Ottoman army was unable to break through the Order’s fortifications, as the garrison had repaired the worst of the damages and any breakages to avoid giving the Ottomans an advantage.

©2020 Charles River Editors (P)2020 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Bill Hare
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 2 hrs and 39 mins
Available on Audible
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We Crossed a Bridge and It Trembled

4 ratings

Summary

Reminiscent of the work of Nobel Prize winner Svetlana Alexievich, an astonishing collection of intimate wartime testimonies and poetic fragments from a cross-section of Syrians whose lives have been transformed by revolution, war, and flight. Against the backdrop of the wave of demonstrations known as the Arab Spring, in 2011 hundreds of thousands of Syrians took to the streets demanding freedom, democracy, and human rights. The government's ferocious response, and the refusal of the demonstrators to back down, sparked a brutal civil war that over the past five years has escalated into the worst humanitarian catastrophe of our times. Yet despite all the reporting, the video, and the wrenching photography, the stories of ordinary Syrians remain unheard, while the stories told about them have been distorted by broad-brush dread and political expediency. This fierce and poignant collection changes that. Based on interviews with hundreds of displaced Syrians conducted over four years across the Middle East and Europe, We Crossed a Bridge and It Trembled is a breathtaking mosaic of firsthand testimonials from the front lines. Some of the testimonies are eloquent narratives that could stand alone as short stories; others are only a few sentences, poetic and aphoristic. Together, they cohere into an unforgettable chronicle that is a testament not only to the power of storytelling but to the strength of those who face darkness with hope, courage, and moral conviction.

©2017 Wendy Pearlman (P)2017 HarperCollins Publishers

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 6 hrs
Available on Audible
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Climax at Gallipoli

Summary

Gallipoli: the mere name summons the story of this well-known campaign of the First World War. And the story of Gallipoli, where in August 1915 the Allied forces made their last valiant effort against the Turks, is one of infamous might-have-beens. If only the Allies had held out a little longer, pushed a little harder, had better luck, Gallipoli might have been the decisive triumph that knocked the Ottoman Empire out of the First World War. But the story is just that, author Rhys Crawley tells us: a story. Not only was the outcome at Gallipoli not close, but the operation was flawed from the start, and an inevitable failure. A painstaking effort to set the historical record straight, Climax at Gallipoli examines the performance of the Allies' Mediterranean Expeditionary Force from the beginning of the Gallipoli campaign to the bitter end. Crawley reminds us that in 1915, the second year of the war, the Allies were still trying to adapt to a new form of warfare, with static defense replacing the maneuver and offensive strategies of earlier British doctrine. In the attempt both the MEF at Gallipoli and the British Expeditionary Force on the Western Front aimed for too much - and both failed. To explain why, Crawley focuses on the operational level of war in the campaign, scrutinizing planning, command, mobility, fire support, interservice cooperation, and logistics. The result is a view of the Gallipoli campaign unique in its detail and scope as well as in its conclusions - a book that looks past myth and distortion to the facts and the truth of what happened at this critical juncture in 20th century history.

©2014 University of Oklahoma Press (P)2016 Redwood Audiobooks

Author: Rhys Crawley
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 12 hrs
Available on Audible
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The Ancient Canaanites

Summary

Individuals who decide to take up learning about the Old Testament of the Bible are immediately faced with the difficult proposition of identifying the various peoples that the Hebrews met and sometimes came into conflict with when they entered the territory that eventually became Israel. The Moabites and Edomites were just two of the many Canaanite groups that the Hebrews dealt with, often violently, but there were dozens of other Canaanite groups, which were all for the most part identified through the names of their respective cities. In fact, before the Hebrews established a kingdom and before the Phoenicians colonized much of the Mediterranean, the Canaanites were the most important group in the Levant for much of the Bronze Age and into the early Iron Age. Although the Canaanites never created a unified nation-state or kingdom, their importance in the ancient Near East cannot be overstated. It was at least partially because of that fact that the Canaanites were unable to resist their larger and more powerful neighbors that the average person today knows so little about their history.

©2016 Charles River Editors (P)2016 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Colin Fluxman
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 30 mins
Available on Audible
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Iranian History

Summary

If you want to discover the captivating history of Iran, then keep reading.... Five captivating manuscripts in one audiobook: Achaemenid Empire: A Captivating Guide to the First Persian Empire Founded by Cyrus the Great, and How This Empire of Ancient Persia Fought Against the Ancient Greeks in the Greco-Persian Wars Parthian Empire: A Captivating Guide to the Enemy of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire Sasanian Empire: A Captivating Guide to the Neo-Persian Empire that Ruled Before the Arab Conquest of Persia and the Rise of Islam The Safavid Empire: A Captivating Guide to the Persian Empire That Fought Against the Ottomans in the Ottoman-Safavid War The Afsharid and Qajar Dynasty: A Captivating Guide to Two Iranian Dynasties Who Ruled Persia from 1736 to 1925 In part one of this audiobook, you will: Learn about the roles and obligations of the people, who and how they worshiped, including their beliefs And much, much more... In part two of this audiobook, you will: Learn about the origins of the Parthian empire Be able to visualize the powerful military tactics that the Parthians used - tactics that gradually became the standard method of warfare in the Roman empire as well And much, much more... Some of the topics covered in part three of this audiobook include: The Rise of the Sasanian Empire The First Sasanian Decline And much, much more... Some of the topics covered in part four of this audiobook include: Religious Beginnings: Ismail I Fall: Sultan Husayn And much, much more... Some of the topics covered in part five of this audiobook include: Geography and Ancient History of Persia And much, much more... So if you want to learn more about the history of Iran, listen to this audiobook!

©2019 Captivating History (P)2019 Captivating History

Category: History, Middle East
Length: 8 hrs and 17 mins
Available on Audible
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The Sumerians

Summary

When American archaeologists discovered a collection of cuneiform tablets in Iraq in the late 19th century, they were confronted with a language and a people who were at the time only scarcely known to even the most knowledgeable scholars of ancient Mesopotamia: the Sumerians. The exploits and achievements of other Mesopotamian peoples, such as the Assyrians and Babylonians, were already known to a large segment of the population through the Old Testament, and the nascent field of Near Eastern studies had unraveled the enigma of the Akkadian language that was widely used throughout the region in ancient times, but the discovery of the Sumerian tablets brought to light the existence of the Sumerian culture, which was the oldest of all the Mesopotamian cultures. Although the Sumerians continue to get second or even third billing compared to the Babylonians and Assyrians, perhaps because they never built an empire as great as the Assyrians or established a city as enduring and great as Babylon, they were the people who provided the template of civilization that all later Mesopotamians built upon. The Sumerians are credited with being the first people to invent writing, libraries, cities, and schools in Mesopotamia (Ziskind 1972, 34), and many would argue that they were the first people to create and do those things anywhere in world. For a people so great, it is unfortunate that their accomplishments and contributions, not only to Mesopotamian civilization but to civilization in general, largely go unnoticed by the majority of the public.

©2012 Charles River Editors (P)2015 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Neil Holmes
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 15 mins
Available on Audible
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Egyptian Mythology

Summary

Fixate your focus on the great stories from the past, the legends from the desert lands that have been forgotten but still passed on. This mythology guide will take you back to ancient Egypt, a mysterious country with technology, knowledge, science, and superstitious beliefs about life, death, and the underworld. The book will show you what kinds of symbols they used back then. It will go over some cultural anecdotes and references that may surprise you, such as their temple worship and shabti dolls. Aside from that, the text takes you to a fantasy world of drama and tales about royalty, doom, wealth, and poverty, and the very creation of the world they believed in in that region. Discover more by getting started.

©2020 Xena Ronin (P)2020 Xena Ronin

Narrator: Ashlynne Carey
Author: Xena Ronin
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 3 hrs and 47 mins
Available on Audible
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The Battle of Chaldiran

Summary

The town of Caldiran (Chaldiran) in Turkey is home to about 60,000 people. On a plain close to the Iranian border, it it backdropped by the Armenian Ranges and very close to a Faultline, which has ensured it’s suffered from seismic activity many times in the past. But in the early 16th century, it was the site of different kinds of faultlines, serving as a battleground between the region’s two greatest powers as they clashed over politics and religion. In the wake of taking Constantinople, the Ottoman Empire would spend the next few centuries expanding its size, power, and influence on the way to becoming one of the world’s most important geopolitical players. It was a rise that would not truly start to wane until the 19th century, and while its most memorable conflicts were fought against the Europeans, the course of Ottoman history was greatly impacted by events against the other major Muslim power in its region: the Safavid Empire. Naturally, the two powers quickly took up the geopolitical positions of the old Byzantine and Persian Empires in the time before Islam and fought over much of the same territory, including Mesopotamia, the Caucuses, today's eastern Turkey and the Persian Gulf. Their first battle was fought in 1514, their first real war was fought from 1532-1555, and they continued to spar regularly until the early 19th century, when European colonialism forced them both onto the defensive. Echoes of these conflicts can be seen in the recent sparring between Iran and Turkey through proxies in Iraq and Syria. On August 23, 1514 the two sides clashed at Chaldiran in a contest for hegemony over the Middle East, and the results have affected the Middle East ever since. Regrettably, few concrete details of the actual battle survive, a not uncommon obstacle when studying battles from the Middle Ages. However, the course of the conflict can be reconstructed from the politics of the time, knowledge of the characters involved, the contemporary records are available, and what followed the battle. There is no lasting monument to the battle in Chaldiran on site, but there is on the Iranian side of the border, nearly 20 miles to the east near the village of Gala Ashaki. It consists of a domed tomb for a Persian general, Sayyed Sharif-al-Din Ali Shirazi, who fell in the battle. He was the chief religious cleric of Shah Ismail I, the first of the Safavid rulers of Persia and a leader who brought a monumental religious shift to the Middle East. Believing himself the “Shadow of God” and his chosen vessel, he set about transforming Persia and the globe through his fanatical religious militia, the Qizilbash. He meant to lead not only Persia but the entire Islamic world, but this vision was vehemently opposed by Sultan Selim I of the Ottoman Empire. Selim the Grim had fought tenaciously for possession of his throne, and he too believed himself chosen by God to rule all Muslims. The battle is depicted in a magnificent painting in Sayyed Sharif-al-Din Ali Shirazi’s tomb. In the foreground of the representation, Shah Ismail I of Persia leads his Qizilbash in a charge against the Ottoman cavalry, riding over the corpses of the slain. In the middle, Sultan Selim (who did not actually participate in the battle, though he was present) leads an almost leisurely advance toward the Persian cavalry, preceded by two Janissaries armed with axes. In the background, the Ottoman artillery delivers a barrage into the Qizilbash, who are falling or fleeing. It seems to be a chronological depiction of the conflict, and though the figure Ismail is clearly the centerpiece, there is no attempt to mask the fact that the battle was a catastrophic defeat for the Persians.

©2019 Charles River Editors (P)2019 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Colin Fluxman
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 2 hrs and 9 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Osiris

Osiris

Summary

To the ancient Egyptians, as was the case with any society made up of inquiring humans, the world was a confusing and often terrifying place of destruction, death, and unexplained phenomena. In order to make sense of such an existence, they resorted to teleological stories. Giving a phenomenon a story made it less horrifying, and it also helped them make sense of the world around them.  Unsurprisingly, then, the ancient Egyptian gods permeated every aspect of existence. Given the abundance of funerary artifacts that have been found within the sands of Egypt, it sometimes seems as though the ancient Egyptians were more concerned with the matters of the afterlife than they were with matters of the life they experienced from day to day. This is underscored most prominently by the pyramids, which have captured the world’s imagination for centuries.   Thus, it’s little surprise that Osiris was one of the most important gods in the Egyptian pantheon, and he could well be the most famous of the Egyptian gods today. Aside from the ubiquity of the sun-god Re in much of modern popular culture, it is Osiris who captivates the minds of modern readers most. His story is both familiar and strangely alien. He is the god of the dead, but he became so by the very fact of his mortality. All the gods of ancient Egypt were capable of dying, but Osiris was also a symbol of resurrection, not unlike Christ in Christian theology.  Osiris was betrayed by somebody close to him (in this case, his brother Seth) and was murdered and reborn, but here is where Osiris and Christ part ways. Osiris’ death is brutal, and his resurrection is the product of his wife Isis’ love for him.   Furthermore, Osiris was associated with the kings of Egypt because the Egyptians believed he was a king himself. The ancient Egyptians could trace their kings back, one by one, to a time when the gods were believed to have ruled the land in person. Osiris was the third or fourth successor to the Egyptian throne after creation, and the Egyptians believed that Osiris’ connection with kingship is what allowed their kings to be reborn in a way themselves. He was also said to be physically enormous – almost 15-and-a-half feet, according to some sources – which was said to have aided him in his military campaigns.  Osiris: The History and Legacy of the Ancient Egyptian God of the Dead looks at the mythology surrounding one of antiquity’s most famous deities. You will learn about Osiris like never before. 

©2018 Charles River Editors (P)2018 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Dan Gallagher
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 16 mins
Available on Audible
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The Start of the Russo-Turkish Wars

Summary

In terms of geopolitics, perhaps the most seminal event of the Middle Ages was the successful Ottoman siege of Constantinople in 1453. The city had been an imperial capital as far back as the fourth century, when Constantine the Great shifted the power center of the Roman Empire there, effectively establishing two almost equally powerful halves of antiquity’s greatest empire. Constantinople would continue to serve as the capital of the Byzantine Empire even after the Western half of the Roman Empire collapsed in the late fifth century. Naturally, the Ottoman Empire would also use Constantinople as the capital of its empire after their conquest effectively ended the Byzantine Empire, and thanks to its strategic location, it has been a trading center for years and remains one today under the Turkish name of Istanbul. The end of the Byzantine Empire had a profound effect not only on the Middle East but Europe as well. Constantinople had played a crucial part in the Crusades, and the fall of the Byzantines meant that the Ottomans now shared a border with Europe. The Islamic empire was viewed as a threat by the predominantly Christian continent to their west, and it took little time for different European nations to start clashing with the powerful Turks. In fact, the Ottomans would clash with Russians, Austrians, Venetians, Polish, and more before collapsing as a result of World War I, when they were part of the Central powers. In the wake of taking Constantinople, the Ottoman Empire would spend the next few centuries expanding its size, power, and influence, bumping up against Eastern Europe and becoming one of the world’s most important geopolitical players. It was a rise that would not truly start to wane until the 19th century, and in the centuries before the decline of the “sick man of Europe”, the Ottomans frequently tried to push further into Europe. Some of those forays were memorably countered by Western Europeans and the Holy League, but the Ottomans’ most frequent foe was the Russian Empire, which opposed them for both geopolitical and religious reasons. From negotiations to battles, the two sides jockeyed for position over the course of hundreds of years, and the start of the fighting may have represented the Ottomans’ best chance to conquer Moscow and change the course of history. For anyone trying to understand the origins of modern Russia and the start of the Russo-Turkish Wars, the search should begin with Tsar Peter I (1672-1725), who titled himself Peter the Great during his lifetime. The moniker is fitting, considering the manner in which Peter brought Russia out of the Middle Ages and into the 18th century. Through a series of campaigns, Peter turned Russia into a formidable empire that would subsequently become a major force on the European continent, while also emulating Western Europe and turning Russia into an international state that interacted with the other continental powers. By revolutionizing and modernizing Russian arms, including the creation of Russia’s first naval force, Peter was able to pursue an aggressive and expansionist foreign policy that set the stage for the way the European map would be redrawn again and again over the coming centuries. The Start of the Russo-Turkish Wars: The History of the Initial Conflicts Between the Russian Empire and Ottoman Empire looks at the various origins of the belligerence, how the first battles went, and how they influenced the course of both empires’ histories. You will learn about the the start of the Russo-Turkish Wars like never before.

©2020 Charles River Editors (P)2020 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Daniel Houle
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 49 mins
Available on Audible
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Ancient Egyptian Myths & Legends

Summary

This book contains retold legends of the gods of ancient Egypt: legends, which were current in the "morning of the world", preserved to the present day engraved on stone and written on papyri. Retold, each in their own way, they strictly adhere to the story, but words and phrases have been rearranged according to the English method; retaining, as much as possible, the expressions and metaphors of the Egyptian.  The book is intended entirely for the general public, who are increasingly interested in the religion and civilization of ancient Egypt, but whose only means of obtaining knowledge of that country is apparently through magazine stories in which a mummy is the principal character. It may be worth noting that in these legends of ancient Egypt mummies are not mentioned, except in the Duat, the home of the dead, where one naturally expects to find them. Some of the timeless legends within this book include "The Book of Thoth", "The Scorpions of Isis", "The Battles of Horus", "The Coming of the Great Queen", and more!

©2018 Game Winner LLC (P)2018 Game Winner LLC

Narrator: Dennis Logan
Author: M.A. Murray
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 3 hrs and 5 mins
Available on Audible
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The Hyksos

Summary

From approximately 3100 BCE until around 1075 BCE, ancient Egypt was ruled by 20 different dynasties. The length of the dynasties varied: some, such as those during the First and Second Intermediate periods could be quite short, while the 13th and 18th Dynasties each contained more a one dozen kings and ruled over the Nile Valley for around 200 years each. Although the first 20 Egyptian dynasties varied in number of rulers and length, most shared one important attribute: they were all native Egyptian dynasties. The one important exception came during Egypt's Second Intermediate Period when a mysterious foreign group of people, known as the Hyksos, conquered Egypt and established the 15th and 16th Dynasties some time shortly after 1700 BCE. For centuries, the Hyksos rule over Egypt was an enigma shrouded in half-truths and myth. The Hyksos were sometimes mistakenly associated with the biblical Israelites, but were for the most part forgotten in modern times due to the dearth of written texts that can be dated to their rule. It was only in the mid-20th century that Egyptologists, using newly discovered and translated texts, shed fresh light on the Hyksos to reveal details about their origins and rule in Egypt.

©2016 Charles River Editors (P)2016 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Colin Fluxman
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 14 mins
Available on Audible
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Sasanian Empire

4 ratings

Summary

Explore the captivating history of the Sasanian Empire. Too often, people tend to disregard Iranian history and its ancient empires as so-called bad guys, often barbaric and bloodthirsty, lacking the culture, morals, and finesse of Westerners. Yet this is far from the truth. Starting from the first Persian Empire under the Achaemenids, culture and achievements of the ancient Iranian states were astonishing, influencing nations far outside their borders. That influence was probably the strongest during the Sasanian Empire, which is today considered the pinnacle of ancient Iranian civilization and culture.  In this Captivating History audiobook, you will discover how important the Sasanian Empire was to history and how their legacy became an integral part of what we today think of as Islamic culture. In Sasanian Empire: A Captivating Guide to the Neo-Persian Empire That Ruled Before the Arab Conquest of Persia and the Rise of Islam, you will discover topics such as: The rise of the Sasanian Empire The first Sasanian decline The golden age and the end of the Sasanian Empire Sasanian government and military Art and culture of the Sasanian Empire Life and society of the Sasanians Religion in the Sasanian state And much, much more! So, if you want to learn more about the Sasanian Empire, listen to this audiobook now!

©2018 Captivating History (P)2018 Captivating History

Narrator: Desmond Manny
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 42 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Xenophon's Cyrus the Great

Xenophon's Cyrus the Great

5 ratings

Summary

In 1906, a stilted English translation of Xenophon of Athens' story about Cyrus the Great's military campaigns was published. Now, a century later, a much more accessible edition of one of history's most extraordinary and successful leaders is emerging. Among his many achievements, this great leader of wisdom and virtue founded and extended the Persian Empire; conquered Babylon; freed 40,000 Jews from captivity; wrote mankind's first human rights charter; and ruled over those he had conquered with respect and benevolence. According to historian Will Durant, Cyrus the Great's military enemies knew that he was lenient, and they did not fight him with that desperate courage which men show when their only choice is "to kill or die". As a result, the Iranians regarded him as "The Father", the Babylonians as "The Liberator", the Greeks as the "Law-Giver", and the Jews as the "Anointed of the Lord". By freshening the voice, style, and diction of Cyrus, Larry Hedrick has created a more contemporary Cyrus. A new generation of listeners, including business executives and managers, military officers, and government officials, can now learn about and benefit from Cyrus the Great's extraordinary achievements, which exceeded all other leaders throughout antiquity.

©2006 Larry Hedrick (P)2018 Tantor

Narrator: Rory Barnett
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 6 hrs and 31 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Uruk

Uruk

Summary

In southern Iraq, a crushing silence hangs over the dunes. For nearly 5,000 years, the sands of the Iraqi desert have held the remains of the oldest known civilization: the Sumerians. When American archaeologists discovered a collection of cuneiform tablets in Iraq in the late 19th century, they were confronted with a language and a people who were at the time only scarcely known to even the most knowledgeable scholars. The exploits and achievements of other Mesopotamian peoples, such as the Assyrians and Babylonians, were already known to a large segment of the population through the Old Testament and the nascent field of Near Eastern studies had unraveled the enigma of the Akkadian language that was widely used throughout the region in ancient times, but the discovery of the Sumerian tablets brought to light the existence of the Sumerian culture, which was the oldest of all the Mesopotamian cultures. Although the Sumerians continue to get second or even third billing compared to the Babylonians and Assyrians, perhaps because they never built an empire as great as the Assyrians or established a city as enduring and great as Babylon, they were the people who provided the template of civilization that all later Mesopotamians built upon. The Sumerians are credited with being the first people to invent writing, libraries, cities, and schools in Mesopotamia, and many would argue that they were the first people to create and do those things anywhere in world. For a people so great it is unfortunate that their accomplishments and contributions, not only to Mesopotamian civilization but to civilization in general, largely go unnoticed by the majority of the public. Perhaps the Sumerians were victims of their own success; they gradually entered the historical record, established a fine civilization, and then slowly submerged into the cultural patchwork of their surroundings. They also never suffered a great and sudden collapse like other peoples of the ancient Near East, such as the Hittites, Assyrians and Neo-Babylonians did. A close examination of Sumerian culture and chronology reveals that the Sumerians set the cultural tone in Mesopotamia for several centuries in the realms of politics/governments, arts, literature, and religion. The Sumerians were truly a great people whose legacy continued long after they were gone. No site better represents the importance of the Sumerians than the city of Uruk. Between the fourth and the third millennium BCE, Uruk was one of several city-states in the land of Sumer, located in the southern end of the Fertile Crescent, between the two great rivers of the Tigris and the Euphrates. Discovered in the late 19th century by the British archaeologist William Loftus, it is this site that has revealed much of what is now known of the Sumerian, Akkadian, and Neo-Sumerian people. Although Uruk was not the only city that the Sumerians built during the Uruk period, it was by far the greatest and also the source of most of the archeological and written evidence concerning early Sumerian culture. Uruk went from being the world’s first city to the most important political and cultural center in the ancient Near East in relatively quick fashion. Around 3200 BCE, the Sumerian Uruk culture began to expand beyond the borders of Sumer, which coincided with the emergence of writing. The form of writing that the Sumerians developed became known by its Greek name, cuneiform for the wedge style characters that it employed. Writing, like many other inventions throughout world history, appears to have been created because of necessity as the Uruk culture grew.

©2016 Charles River Editors (P)2016 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Ken Teutsch
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 26 mins
Available on Audible
Cover art for Lagash

Lagash

Summary

In southern Iraq, a crushing silence hangs over the dunes. For nearly 5,000 years, the sands of the Iraqi desert have held the remains of the oldest known civilization: the Sumerians. When American archaeologists discovered a collection of cuneiform tablets in Iraq in the late 19th century, they were confronted with a language and a people who were at the time only scarcely known to even the most knowledgeable scholars of ancient Mesopotamia. The exploits and achievements of other Mesopotamian peoples, such as the Assyrians and Babylonians, were already known to a large segment of the population through the Old Testament and the nascent field of Near Eastern studies had unraveled the enigma of the Akkadian language that was widely used throughout the region in ancient times, but the discovery of the Sumerian tablets brought to light the existence of the Sumerian culture, which was the oldest of all the Mesopotamian cultures. For a people so great it is unfortunate that their accomplishments and contributions, not only to Mesopotamian civilization but to civilization in general, largely go unnoticed by the majority of the public. Perhaps the Sumerians were victims of their own success; they gradually entered the historical record, established a fine civilization, and then slowly submerged into the cultural patchwork of their surroundings. They also never suffered a great and sudden collapse like other peoples of the ancient Near East, such as the Hittites, Assyrians and Neo-Babylonians did. A close examination of Sumerian culture and chronology reveals that the Sumerians set the cultural tone in Mesopotamia for several centuries in the realms of politics/governments, arts, literature, and religion. The Sumerians were truly a great people whose legacy continued long after they were gone.

©2017 Charles River Editors (P)2017 Charles River Editors

Narrator: Colin Fluxman
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 1 hr and 23 mins
Available on Audible
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The House of Wisdom

1 rating

Summary

Here is the remarkable story of how medieval Arab scholars made dazzling advances in science and philosophy, and of the itinerant Europeans who brought this knowledge back to the West. For centuries following the fall of Rome, Western Europe was a benighted backwater, a world of subsistence farming, minimal literacy, and violent conflict. Meanwhile, Arab culture was thriving, dazzling those Europeans fortunate enough to catch even a glimpse of the scientific advances coming from Baghdad, Antioch, or the cities of Persia, Central Asia, and Muslim Spain. There, philosophers, mathematicians, and astronomers were steadily advancing the frontiers of knowledge and revitalizing the works of Plato and Aristotle. In the royal library of Baghdad, known as the House of Wisdom, an army of scholars worked at the behest of the Abbasid caliphs. At a time when the best book collections in Europe held several dozen volumes, the House of Wisdom boasted as many as 400,000. Even while their countrymen waged bloody Crusades against Muslims, a handful of intrepid Christian scholars, thirsty for knowledge, traveled to Arab lands and returned with priceless jewels of science, medicine, and philosophy that laid the foundation for the Renaissance. In this brilliant, evocative book, Lyons shows just how much Western culture owes to the glories of medieval Arab civilization, and reveals the untold story of how Europe drank from the well of Muslim learning.

©2008 Jonathan Lyons (P)2010 Audible, Inc.

Narrator: Jay Snyder
Category: History, Middle East
Length: 9 hrs and 37 mins
Available on Audible